Glossary for Enlarged kidneys
Medical terms related to Enlarged kidneys or mentioned in this section include:
- AIDS-Associated Nephropathy: Kidney disease associated with AIDS.
- Abdominal symptoms: Symptoms affecting the abdomen or digestive tract
- Acanthosis nigricans muscle cramps acral enlargement: A rare syndrome characterized mainly by muscle cramps, dark velvety patches of skin and large hands and feet.
- Acromegaly: An abnormal enlargement of the limbs due to increased secretion of growth hormone after the cessation of puberty
- Amyloidosis: A disease characterized by the accumulation of insoluble amyloid protein in tissues and organs which in turn affects the functioning of these tissues and organs.
- Amyloidosis AL: A disease involving the abnormal deposit of amyloid fibrils in virtually any part of the body - the heart, liver, kidney and peripheral and autonomic nerves are most commonly affected. The abnormal amyloid fibrils are produced abnormal plasma cells in the bone marrow. In some cases, the excess growth of abnormal plasma cells can result in a cancerous condition called myeloma resulting in bone pain and infections. A patient with myeloma may develop amyloidosis but it is rare for a patient with AL amyloidosis to go on to develop myeloma.
- Atresia of urethra: A rare congenital malformation where the urethra ends blindly which makes it unuseable by the body to eliminate urine. This usually results in death unless surgical intervention provides alternative communication between the bladder and the amniotic sac. In rare cases, there is an abnormal opening between the bladder and the rectum which allow the urine to drain. The inability of the fluid to pass out of the body of the fetus results in a reduced amount of amniotic fluid which in turn affects the development of the lungs.
- Autosomal Recessive Polycystic Kidney Disease: Severe form of PKD, a genetic kidney disease.
- Back pain: Pain in the back region.
- Body symptoms: Symptoms affecting the entire body features.
- Brachymesomelia-renal syndrome: A rare syndrome characterized by kidney abnormalities and forearm and lower leg deformity. The condition describes a single reported case.
- Chromosome 17p, partial deletion: A rare chromosomal disorder involving deletion of genetic material from the short arm of chromosome 17. The type and severity of symptoms are determined by the amount and location of the lost genetic material.
- Chronic Kidney Disease: Long-term and generally irreversible disease of the kidneys due to infection, obstruction, congenital diseases or generalised diseases causing failure of the kidneys' normal functions.
- Diabetes, neonatal -- congenital hypothyroidism -- congenital glaucoma -- hepatic fibrosis -- polycystic kidneys: A rare syndrome characterized by the presence of diabetes, hypothyroidism, liver fibrosis, polycystic kidneys and glaucoma in infants.
- Diaphanospondylodysostosis: A rare disorder characterized by bone formation anomalies including a lack of bone formation in the spine during the fetal stage as well as kidney problems.
- Digestive symptoms: Any symptoms affecting the digestive tract.
- Elejalde syndrome: A rare congenital syndrome characterized excessive fetal growth, skull abnormalities, extra fingers or toes and other abnormalities.
- Glomerulonephritis: A condition which affects the kidneys and is characterized by inflammatory changes that occur in the glomeruli
- Hypersecretion of growth hormone: increased production of growth hormone from the pituitary gland
- Kidney Cancer: Cancer that forms in tissues of the kidneys
- Kidney symptoms: Symptoms affecting one or both kidneys.
- Langer-Nishino-Yamaguchi syndrome: A rare disorder characterized by deformed forearms and lower legs, cloudy corneas and enlarged kidneys. In the reported case, death occurred in the newborn period from kidney and heart failure.
- Lymphoma: Any neoplastic disorder that occurs in lymphoid tissue
- Multicystic renal dysplasia, bilateral: A rare congenital disorder where multiple cysts develop in the kidneys which affects their ability to function normally. The condition is results in death prior to or within weeks of birth.
- Nerve symptoms: Symptoms affecting the nerves
- Organic acidemia: High blood levels of organic acids which is caused by abnormal protein metabolism. Maple syrup urine disease and propionic academia are examples of organic acidemias. Deficiency of certain metabolic enzymes one of the main causes of organic academia.
- Papillary renal cell carcinoma: A type of kidney tumor characterized by the development of finger-like projections in at least some of the tumor. It can be inherited in a familial pattern or occur sporadically.
- Polycystic kidney disease: Genetic kidney disease causing kidney cysts.
- Polycystic kidney disease type 1: A rare condition where cysts in the kidney grow and cause the kidney to become larger and reduce it's ability to function. PKD 1 is an autosomal dominant form of the disease and differs from PKD 2 in that it is more severe and is caused by a mutation in a different gene.
- Polycystic kidney disease, infantile type: Severe form of polycystic kidney disease which is a genetic kidney disease. Symptoms develop very early in life and may even be present during the fetal stage.
- Polycystic kidneys, severe infantile, with tuberous sclerosis: A rare genetic disorder characterized by numerous kidney cysts and hamartomas (benign nodules that can occur in the skin or various organs including the brain).
- Posterior valve, urethra: A congenital defect where there is an abnormal membrane in the back of the male urethra which affects urine flow. The urine can flow back through the valve and cause problems for organs such as the urethra, bladder, ureters and even the kidneys. The severity of the condition is determined by the severity of the malformation. Severe defects can cause fetal death and mild defects may cause incontinence.
- Renal colic: Severe urinary system pain usually from a urinary stone
- Renal mucormycosis: An infectious disease caused by fungus from the order Mucorales which is normally found in the soil and in decaying plant matter. Transmission is usually through the inhalation of spores. It is generally harmless to healthy individuals but can cause infection in patients who are immunocompromised or who have a serious chronic illness such as uncontrolled diabetes. Symptoms and severity can vary considerable depending on the part of the body the infection occurs in - gastrointestinal tract, skin, lungs, central nervous system, eye orbit and the paranasal sinuses. Renal mucormycosis is very rare and involves infection of the kidneys.
- Renal zygmycosis: An infectious disease caused by fungus from the orders Mucorales and Entomophthorales which are normally found in the soil and in decaying plant matter. The infection differs from mucormycosis which only involves the order Mucorales. Transmission is usually through the inhalation of spores. It is generally harmless to healthy individuals but can cause infection in patients who are immunocompromised or who have a serious chronic illness such as uncontrolled diabetes. Symptoms and severity can vary considerable depending on the part of the body the infection occurs in - gastrointestinal tract, skin, lungs, central nervous system, eye orbit and the paranasal sinuses. Renal zygomycosis involves infection of the kidneys.
- Tubulointerstitial nephritis and uveitis: A rare disorder characterized by neurological degeneration and skeletal abnormalities.
- Upper abdominal symptoms: Symptoms affecting the upper abdominal region.
- Urinary tract infection: Infection of the urinary tract
- Valsartan -- Teratogenic Agent: There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Valsartan during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
- Wiedemann-Beckwith syndrome: A rare genetic disorder characterized by an enlarged tongue, omphalocele, excessive birth weight and ear creases.
Conditions listing medical symptoms: Enlarged kidneys:
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