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Symptoms » Glaucoma » Diagnostic Tests

Diagnostic Tests for Glaucoma

Diagnostic Test list for Glaucoma:

The list of diagnostic tests mentioned in various sources as used in the diagnosis of Glaucoma includes:

  • Visual acuity test
  • Visual field test
  • Dilated pupil exam
  • Tonometry
  • Air puff test
  • Glaucoma test - Check pressure in eye, done by opthamologist, painless, simple.
  • Gonioscopy - examine eye's drainage angle.
  • Test peripheral vision - look at a central light, tested by light on the periphery.
  • Dye tests - These tests examine choroidal circulation within the eye.
  • Indocyanine green (ICG) eye dye test, IUP eye dye test

Home Diagnostic Testing

These home medical tests may be relevant to Glaucoma causes:

Tests and diagnosis discussion for Glaucoma:

Many people may know of the "air puff" test or other tests used to measure eye pressure in an eye examination. But, this test alone cannot detect glaucoma. Glaucoma is found most often during an eye examination through dilated pupils. This means drops are put into the eyes during the exam to enlarge the pupils. This allows the eye care professional to see more of the inside of the eye to check for signs of glaucoma. (Source: excerpt from Are You at Risk for Glaucoma: NEI)

Most people think that they have glaucoma if the pressure in their eye is increased. This is not always true. High pressure puts you at risk for glaucoma. It may not mean that you have the disease.

Whether or not you get glaucoma depends on the level of pressure that your optic nerve can tolerate without being damaged. This level is different for each person. (Source: excerpt from Facts About Glaucoma: NEI)

Although normal pressure is usually between 12-21 mm Hg, a person might have glaucoma even if the pressure is in this range. That is why an eye examination is very important.

To detect glaucoma, your eye care professional will do the following tests:

Visual acuity: This eye chart test measures how well you see at various distances.

Visual Field: This test measures your side (peripheral) vision. It helps your eye care professional find out if you have lost side vision, a sign of glaucoma.

Pupil dilation: This examination provides your eye care professional with a better view of the optic nerve to check for signs of damage. To do this, your eye care professional places drops into the eye to dilate (widen) the pupil. After the examination, your close-up vision may remain blurred for several hours.

Tonometry: This standard test determines the fluid pressure inside the eye. There are many types of tonometry. One type uses a purple light to measure pressure. Another type is the "air puff," test, which measures the resistance of the eye to a puff of air. (Source: excerpt from Facts About Glaucoma: NEI)

Conditions listing medical symptoms: Glaucoma:

The following list of conditions have 'Glaucoma' or similar listed as a symptom in our database. This computer-generated list may be inaccurate or incomplete. Always seek prompt professional medical advice about the cause of any symptom.

Select from the following alphabetical view of conditions which include a symptom of Glaucoma or choose View All.

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Conditions listing medical complications: Glaucoma:

The following list of medical conditions have 'Glaucoma' or similar listed as a medical complication in our database.


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