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Glaucoma Treatments

Glaucoma: Treatments Inroduction

The first step in the treatment of glaucoma is the prevention of progression of the disease and permanent serious complications, such as blindness. This includes seeking regular eye care throughout the lifetime. This can help detect chronic open-angle glaucoma in early stages before symptoms appear. In addition, it is vital to seek immediate emergency medical care if any symptoms of acute closed-angle glaucoma appear. Symptoms include blurred vision, severe eye pain, eye redness, severe headache, seeing halos or rainbows around lights, nausea and vomiting.

Treatment of chronic open-angle glaucoma can help to prevent or slow the progression of the disease. Treatment includes medications in the form of eye drops that reduce the pressure of increased intraocular pressure inside the eyes. Pills, which have more serious side effects, may be prescribed in some cases. Treatment with medication is life-long.

In some cases when medications cannot control chronic open-angle glaucoma, laser surgery may be recommended. In laser surgery, a beam of light is used to change the drainage channel (drainage angle) so that fluid can drain more normally from the eye and not build up and create pressure. In some cases in which medication and laser surgery are not effective, another surgery called a trabeculectomy may be required to allow for drainage of fluid from the eye.

Treatment of acute closed-angle glaucoma includes a surgical procedure called an iridotomy, which creates hole in the iris of the eye to allow for drainage of fluid and reduce intraocular pressure in the eye.

Treatments for Glaucoma

The following treatments are listed for Glaucoma in our knowledge base:

  • Eye drops - to reduce pressure
    • Betoptic
    • Pilocarpine
    • Timoptic
    • Iopidine
    • Alphagan
    • Propine
    • Trusopt
    • Xalatan
  • Medications
  • Laser eye surgery - - improve the drainage tissue in the eye so more fluid flows out more easily, reducing pressure
  • Laser trabeculoplasty - a form of laser eye surgery
  • Conventional eye surgery - non-laser surgery
  • Trabulectomy
  • Emergency hospitalization - for the less common type: closed-angle glaucoma or acute glaucoma; this type is a medical emergency.
  • Topical administration of calcium channel blocking agents
  • Argon laser trabeculoplasty (ALT)
  • Selective laser trabeculoplasty (SLT)
  • Trabeculectomy
  • Trabeculoplasty
  • Treat the underlying cause
  • Beta -adrenergic antagonists
  • Parasympthomimetics
  • Alpha- adrenergic agonists
  • Carbonic anhydrase inhibitors
  • Prostaglandin analogs
  • Laser iridectomy
  • Filtering surgery
  • Drugs to lower intraocular pressure Prostaglandin analogues
  • Topical beta adrenergic receptor antagonists
  • Sympathomimetics
  • Miotic agents
  • Physostigmine
  • Canaloplasty
  • Nd:YAG laser peripheral iridotomy
  • Glaucoma drainage implants

Alternative Treatments for Glaucoma

Alternative treatments, home remedies, other other complementary therapies that have been listed as possibly helpful for Glaucoma in various sources may include:

Drugs and Medications used to treat Glaucoma:

Some of the drugs and medications used in the treatment of Glaucoma may include:

  • Acetazolamide
  • Acetazolam
  • Diamox
  • Diamox Sequels
  • Diamox Sustained Release
  • Epifrin
  • E-Pilo Preparations
  • Epinal Ophthalmic
  • EpiPen
  • Epitrate
  • Marcaine
  • Medihaler-Epi Preparations
  • Micronephrine
  • Norocaine
  • Octocaine
  • P1E1
  • P2E2
  • P3E1
  • P4E1
  • P6E1
  • Latanoprost
  • Xalatan
  • Pilocarpine
  • Adsorbocarpine
  • Akarpine
  • Almocarpine
  • I-Pilopine
  • Isopto Carpine
  • Minims
  • Miocarpine
  • Ocusert Pilo-20
  • Ocusert Pilo 40
  • PE Preparations
  • Pilagan
  • Pilocar
  • Pilopine HS
  • Piloptic-1
  • Piloptic-2
  • Pilosyst 20/40
  • Salagen
  • Spersacarpine
  • Timolol
  • Apo-Timolol
  • Apo-Timop
  • Betimol
  • Blocadren
  • Cosopt
  • Dom-Timolol
  • Novo-Timolol
  • Timolide
  • Timoptic
  • Timoptic Ouches
  • Timoptic-XE
  • Travoprost
  • Travatan
  • Carbachol
  • Isopto Carbachol
  • Miostat
  • Carbastat
  • Dorzolamide and Timolol
  • Apraclonidine - mainly used for severe glaucoma
  • Iodipine - mainly used for severe glaucoma
  • Dipoquin
  • Dipivefrine Hydrochloride
  • Propine

Latest treatments for Glaucoma

The following medications/drugs/procedures are some of the latest treatments for Glaucoma:

Treatments for Causes of Glaucoma

Review the treatment information pages for various causes of Glaucoma:

More causes: not all possible causes for Glaucoma are listed above; for a full list refer to causes of Glaucoma.

Treatment Notes

Only your doctor can advise whether any of these treatments are appropriate for your specific medical situation. Always discuss all treatment options with your doctor before making a decision, including whether to start or discontinue any treatment plan.

Conditions listing medical symptoms: Glaucoma:

The following list of conditions have 'Glaucoma' or similar listed as a symptom in our database. This computer-generated list may be inaccurate or incomplete. Always seek prompt professional medical advice about the cause of any symptom.

Select from the following alphabetical view of conditions which include a symptom of Glaucoma or choose View All.

View All A B C D E F G H I K L M O P R S T U V W Z #

Conditions listing medical complications: Glaucoma:

The following list of medical conditions have 'Glaucoma' or similar listed as a medical complication in our database.


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