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Symptoms » Hair symptoms » Glossary
 

Glossary for Hair symptoms

Medical terms related to Hair symptoms or mentioned in this section include:

  • 1q deletion: A rare chromosomal disorder where part of the long arm (q) of chromosome 1 is deleted resulting in various abnormalities which are determined by the size of the deleted portion.
  • 1q proximal deletion: A rare chromosomal disorder where the proximal part of the long arm (q) of chromosome 1 is deleted resulting in various abnormalities.
  • 2p21 deletion syndrome: This syndrome is a more severe form hypotonia-cystinuria syndrome as a larger portion of genetic material from chromosome 2p21 is deleted. It is characterized by infant seizures, reduced muscle tone, developmental delay, lactic acidosis and unusual facial appearance.
  • 2q deletion: A rare chromosomal disorder where part of the long arm (q) of chromosome 2 is deleted resulting in various abnormalities which are determined by the size of the deleted portion.
  • 3?-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase deficiency: A ver rare form of congenital adrenal hyperplasia involving a deficiency of 3?-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase which results in reduced production of adrenal steroids (mineralocorticoids, sex steroids and glucocorticoids). The disorder can occur in classical, non-salt wasting and late-onset varieties.
  • 49,XXXXX syndrome: A rare chromosomal disorder that affects only females and involves body cells having five copies of the X chromosome instead of the normal two.
  • ACPS III: A rare genetic condition characterized by head and digital anomalies as well as other abnormalities.
  • ADULT syndrome: A rare syndrome characterized by nail abnormalities, abnormal teeth development, tear duct obstruction, pigmentation anomalies and hand and foot abnormalities.
  • AREDYLD: A rare condition characterized by abnormalities of the extremities, teeth, hair, nail and kidney as well as lipoatrophic diabetes.
  • Aarskog-Ose-Pande syndrome: A rare disorder involving lipodystrophy mainly in the face and buttocks as well as sparse hair, retarded bone age and minor face and eye anomalies. It is considered a variant of SHORT syndrome which tends to also include increased range of joint motion and more extensive lipodystrophy.
  • Ablepharon macrostomia syndrome: A rare disorder involving a number of mainly physical abnormalities.
  • Ablinism I syndrome: A recessively inherited form of albinism involving the complete lack of skin, hair and eye pigments.
  • Abnormal hair growth in children: Abnormal hair growth in children is an excessive or lack of normal amounts of hair in a child.
  • Absence of both eyebrows: Absence of both eyebrows is a lack of eyebrows.
  • Absent eyebrows: Absent eyebrows is a condition in which the eyebrows are not present.
  • Accutane -- Teratogenic Agent: There is strong evidence to indicate that the use of Accutane during pregnancy may cause a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Achard-Thiers Syndrome: A rare hormonal disorder that occurs in diabetic postmenopausal women where body hair grows in a masculine manner. Hormonal therapy is used to correct the endocrine imbalance.
  • Ackerman syndrome: An extremely rare condition characterized primarily by glaucoma, upper lip deformity and abnormal tooth roots.
  • Acquired hypothyroidism: Acquired hypothyroidism is a condition where the thyroid gland makes too little or no thyroid hormone. Acquired hypothyroidism can be caused by both thyroid disease (primary hypothyroidism) and hypothalamic-pituitary disease (central hypothyroidism)
  • Acquired progressive kinky hair: An acquired hair condition involving the progressive kinking of hair. It often precedes the early stages of male pattern alopecia.
  • Acrocephalopolydactyly -- Cardiac Disease -- Ear, Skin and Lower Limb Defects: A rare genetic condition characterized by head and digital anomalies as well as other abnormalities.
  • Acrocephalopolysyndactyly type III: A rare genetic condition characterized by head and digital anomalies as well as other abnormalities.
  • Acrofacial dysostosis Catania form: One of a group of disorders characterized by defective limb and facial development. The Catania form is very rare.
  • Acrofacial dysostosis Preis type: One of a group of disorders characterized by defective limb and facial development. The Preis type is very rare and the range and severity of symptoms is variable.
  • Acrofacial dysostosis, Palagonia type: One of a group of disorders characterized by defective limb and facial development. The Palagonia type is very rare and the symptoms are relatively mild.
  • Acrofrontofacionasal dysostosis syndrome: A very rare syndrome characterized by abnormalities of the bones of the skeleton as well as mental retardation. Various facial, eye and urogenital anomalies are also present.
  • Acromegaloid hypertrichosis syndrome: A rare genetic condition characterized by excess body hair and a coarse face. The severity of the condition is variable.
  • Acromicric dysplasia: A rare genetic syndrome characterized by various severe developmental abnormalities of the skeletal bones and facial anomalies.
  • Acroosteolysis dominant type: A rare inherited connective tissue disorder characterized by breakdown of bone especially in the ends of the fingers and toes.
  • Adducted thumb syndrome recessive form: A rare recessively inherited disorder characterized mainly by a small head, arthrogryposis (joint contractures), cleft palate and various other abnormalities.
  • Adrenal Cancer: A malignant cancer that develops in the adrenal gland. The tumor may be nonfunctioning (does not produce hormones) or functioning in which case excessive levels of hormones can cause a variety of symptoms depending on which hormone is involved. Adrenal hormones made in the cortex (outer part of the gland) are aldosterone, corticosteroids and androgenic steroids. Adrenalin and noradrenalin are the hormones made in the medulla (central part of the adrenal gland).
  • Adrenal Cortex Diseases: Diseases of the adrenal cortex. Examples includes Addison's disease, Cushing's syndrome and adrenal fatigue.
  • Adrenal Cortex Neoplasms: A tumor that develops in the adrenal gland. The tumor may be nonfunctioning (does not produce hormones) or functioning in which case excessive levels of hormones can cause a variety of symptoms depending on which hormone is involved. Adrenal hormones made in the cortex (outer part of the gland) are aldosterone, corticosteroids and androgenic steroids.
  • Adrenal Hyperplasia, Congenital (General): Congenital adrenal hyperplasia is an inherited condition characterized by adrenal insufficiency. It is caused by a deficiency in an enzyme needed to produce certain adrenal hormones such as cortisol and aldosterone.
  • Adrenal adenoma, familial: A benign tumor that develops in the adrenal gland and tends to run in families. The tumor may be nonfunctioning (does not produce hormones) or functioning in which case excessive levels of hormones can cause a variety of symptoms depending on which hormone is involved. Adrenal hormones made in the cortex (outer part of the gland) are aldosterone, corticosteroids and androgenic steroids . Adrenalin and noradrenalin are the hormones made in the medulla (central part of the adrenal gland).
  • Adrenal gland hyperfunction: Excessive activity of the adrenal gland which causes excessive production of one or more adrenal hormones (aldosterone, corticosteroids, androgenic steroids, epinephrine and norepinephrine). The increased adrenal gland activity may be caused by an adrenal gland tumor or by excessive stimulation of the gland. Pituitary hormones stimulate adrenal gland activity.
  • Adrenal gland symptoms: Symptoms affecting the adrenal glands
  • Adrenal incidentaloma: A tumor of the adrenal gland that is discovered incidentally while performing an imaging examination for reasons other than an adrenal tumor. The tumor may be asymptomatic or can causes excessive secretion of adrenal hormones and resulting symptoms. The tumor may also be malignant or benign.
  • Adrenocortical carcinoma: A condition which is characterized by malignancy which affects the adrenocortex.
  • Aging: The medical conditions from getting older.
  • Albinism-deafness of Tietz: Tietz syndrome is a relatively rare condition characterized by deafness and albinism. It should not be confused with the similarly named Tietz's syndrome which involves inflammation of chest cartilage.
  • Albright's hereditary osteodystrophy: A rare genetic disorder where the body fails to recognize and respond to the parathyroid hormone. The parathyroid hormone is involved in controlling the blood levels of calcium and phosphate.
  • Alopecia: Partial or total loss of hair due to aging, an endocrine disorder, drug reaction, anticancer medication or skin disease.
  • Alopecia Areata: A condition where hair loss occurs in patches for unknown reasons. Although the condition often disappears within a year, it often reoccurs.
  • Alopecia Totalis: An autoimmune disorder where there is a total loss of all head hair i.e. complete baldness.
  • Alopecia immunodeficiency: A rare syndrome characterized by alopecia and primary immunodeficiency.
  • Alopecia in children: Alopecia in children is hair loss or baldness in children.
  • Alopecia mental retardation hypogonadism: A rare syndrome characterized by mental retardation, abnormal gonad functioning and a total lack of hair at birth. After childhood, sparse hair growth may occur.
  • Alopecia mental retardation syndrome: A rare syndrome characterized primarily by a lack of hair and mental retardation.
  • Alopecia universalis: Complete loss of all body hair.
  • Alopecia, epilepsy, pyorrhea, mental subnormality: A rare syndrome characterized by alopecia, epilepsy, mental retardation and pus-producing gum and tooth inflammations.
  • Alopecia, mental retardation and neurological problems: A rare, newly described syndrome characterized by baldness, mental retardation and neurological problems.
  • Alopecia-contractures-dwarfism-mental retardation: A rare syndrome characterized primarily by mental retardation, short stature, lack of hair and contractures.
  • Alpha-Mannosidosis: A rare condition which is characterized by a lysosomal storage defect.
  • Alstrom disease: A rage genetic disorder involving a group of abnormalities affecting vision, hearing, kidney function and also characterized by obesity and diabetes mellitus.
  • Alstrom syndrome: A rare, hereditary genetic disorder which is progressive. Initial symptoms in infants are usually extreme light sensitivity, wobbling of the eyes and sometimes dilated dilated cardiomyopathy and congestive heart failure. Young children quickly gain weight and become obese and as they get older, multiple organ systems may be affected causing blindness, hearing loss, type 2 diabetes, heart failure, liver disease, urological dysfunction, pulmonary fibrosis and renal failure.
  • Alström Syndrome: A progressive condition which is characterized by deafness, obesity and visual problems in childhood that may lead to diabetes and kidney failure in adulthood
  • Alves Castelo dos Santos syndrome: A rare syndrome characterized by hair, eye, skin and spinal abnormalities.
  • Amaurosis hypertrichosis: A rare syndrome characterized by severe retinal dystrophy and excessive growth of hair.
  • Ambras syndrome: A rare genetic disorder characterized by overgrowth of hair over the whole body, especially the face and shoulders.
  • Amelo-onycho-hypohidrotic syndrome: A rare disorder characterized primarily by tooth and nail abnormalities and reduced sweating ability.
  • Amish brittle hair syndrome: A rare inherited condition characterized by brittle hair, mental and physical impairment, decreased fertility and short stature.
  • Androgen Insensitivity Syndrome: Females with male XY genetics but inability to respond to testosterone.
  • Androgenic alopecia: A form of hair loss that can affect men or women. In males, the hair loss starts over the temples and the hairline recedes gradually and sometimes complete baldness results. Women suffer thinning of hair all over the head and there is no receding hairline.
  • Androgenic hair loss:
  • Angelman syndrome: A rare genetic disorder characterized by a puppet-like gait, fits of laughter and characteristic facial features.
  • Angiokeratoma -- mental retardation -- coarse face: A rare inherited genetic syndrome characterized by mental retardation, coarse facial features and capillary hemangiomas.
  • Anorexia Nervosa: A disorder where a distorted sense of body image leads to self-starvation to the point of death in some cases.
  • Aplasia cutis congenital -- intestinal lymphangiectasia: A rare disorder characterized by a skin defect and dilated intestinal lymph vessels.
  • Arctic bearded seal poisoning: The Arctic Bearded seal is often used as a food source by the arctic inhabitants. Eating the liver and kidneys of the arctic bearded seal can result in a Vitamin A overdose which can cause serious symptoms and even death in extreme cases. It is believed that eating more than 100-250 grams of the seal liver can result in human death.
  • Argininosuccinase lyase deficiency, neonatal: A rare inherited urea cycle disorder caused by lack of enzymes (argininosuccinase lyase) needed to turn ammonia into urea resulting in excess ammonia in the body. The neonatal form of the condition can result in death or severe complications if not treated early enough.
  • Argininosuccinic aciduria: A rare inherited disorder of the urea cycle characterized by the lack of an enzyme (argininosuccinate lyase) which is needed to remove nitrogen from the body so a lack of the enzyme leads to a build-up of ammonia in the blood.
  • Armendares syndrome: A rare syndrome characterized mainly by retarded growth and facial, skull and eye abnormalities.
  • Arthrogryposis -- epileptic seizures -- migrational brain disorder: A rare disorder characterized by congenital joint contractures, epileptic seizures and brain development abnormalities. It can be caused by fetal exposure to alcohol or chemical products.
  • Arthrogryposis IUGR thoracic dystrophy: A very rare syndrome characterized by congenital joint contractures, intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR) and ribcage abnormalities.
  • Ataxia Telangiectasia: A rare inherited childhood disorder involving progressive degeneration of the nervous system.
  • Atrichia -- mental and growth delay: A rare syndrome characterized mainly by mental retardation, growth delay and the absence of hair.
  • Australian Sea Lion poisoning: The Australian Sea Lion is sometimes used as a food source and is found in the South-Southwest waters of Australia. Eating the liver of the Australian Sea Lion can result in a Vitamin A overdose which can cause serious symptoms and even death in extreme cases.
  • Autoimmune polyendocrinopathy syndrome, type 1: A very rare autoimmune disorder characterized by autoimmune polyendocrinopathy (APE), candidiasis (C) and ectodermal dysplasia (ED).
  • Autoimmune thyroid diseases: Autoimmune diseases of the thyroid gland.
  • Autumn crocus poisoning: The Autumn crocus is a perennial herb which bears purplish-pink flowers. The plant is often used as an ornamental indoor or outdoor plant. The plant contains a chemical called colchicine which can be very poisonous if eaten. The plant is considered to be very toxic if eaten. Boiling the leaves before eating them appears to increase their toxicity. Most cases of poisoning are through accidental ingestion. The plant is sometimes mistaken for wild garlic.
  • BIDS syndrome: A rare inherited condition characterized by brittle hair (B), mental and physical impairment (I), decreased fertility (D) and short stature (S).
  • Bagatelle-Cassidy syndrome: An extremely rare syndrome characterized by a large head, widely spaced eyes, hearing loss, short limbs and developmental delay.
  • Bald: A condition which is characterized by the loss of hair in an anatomical location
  • Baldness: Loss of scalp hair
  • Bamboo hair syndrome: A rare inherited condition characterized by abnormally formed hair shafts and a skin condition involving scaling and redness of the skin. Patients are also predisposed to developing allergic conditions such as asthma and eczema and food allergies. The severity of the condition can vary with some infants having a poor prognosis due to severe allergies, infections and skin problems whereas others have milder symptoms and fewer allergic manifestations.
  • Bamforth syndrome: A rare syndrome characterized mainly by the association of an abnormal opening in the roof of the mouth and reduced thyroid functioning.
  • Barber's rash: Skin infection in facial hair areas
  • Basaran-Yilmaz syndrome: A very rare syndrome characterized by reduced body hair, thickened skin on various parts of the body and the presence of white nails at birth.
  • Baughman syndrome: A rare syndrome characterized mainly by fused eyelids, curly hair and abnormal nails.
  • Bazex-Dupre-Christol syndrome: A very rare syndrome characterized by decreased hair growth, basal cell cancers and destruction of skin follicles which tends to affect the extremities, elbows and knees.
  • Bearn-Kunkel syndrome: A type of autoimmune liver disease characterized by liver damage, very high blood gammaglobulin levels and increased plasma cells.
  • Ben-Ari-Shuper-Mimouni syndrome: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by abnormal development of the structure separating the two halves of the brain as well as duplicated ureters that collect the urine from the kidney and deliver it to the bladder.
  • Berardinelli-Seip congenital lipodystrophy: A rare genetic disorder characterized by diabetes mellitus, loss of body fat, hepatomegaly, enlarged genitals, increased skeletal growth and other abnormalities.
  • Berardinelli-Seip congenital lipodystrophy, type 1: A rare genetic disorder characterized by early-onset diabetes mellitus, loss of body fat, serious insulin resistance, high blood triglycerides and fatty liver. Type 1 is distinguished from type 2 by the origin of the genetic defect. Type 1 is caused by a defect on the AGPAT2 gene on chromosome 9q34.3. Type 1 seems to be less severe with some cases of type 2 resulting in premature death which can occur as early as the first year of life. Type 2 also involves mental retardation which is not seen in type 1.
  • Berardinelli-Seip congenital lipodystrophy, type 2: A rare genetic disorder characterized by early-onset diabetes mellitus, loss of body fat, serious insulin resistance, high blood triglycerides and fatty liver. Type 2 is distinguished from type 2 by the origin of the genetic defect. Type 2 is caused by a defect on the BSCL2 gene on chromosome 11q13. Type 2 seems to be more severe with some cases resulting in premature death which can occur as early as the first year of life. Type 2 also involves mental retardation which is not seen in type 1.
  • Berlin Breakage syndrome: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by a small head, reduced immunity and increased risk of cancer. The features of this condition are virtually indistinguishable from the Nigmegen Breakage syndrome.
  • Bindewald-Ulmer-Muller syndrome: A rare syndrome characterized mainly by a heart defect, and mental and growth retardation.
  • Biotin deficiency: Vitamin H deficiency
  • Biotinidase deficiency, late onset: A metabolic disorder where the body lacks the enzyme biotinidase needed to process the vitamin called biotin (vitamin H) into carboxylase enzymes. The severity of symptoms may vary depending on the degree of deficiency. Severe cases can result in metabolic acidosis which can lead to death if treatment isn't given.
  • Bird-headed dwarfism, Montreal type: A rare condition characterized by dwarfism and a characteristic beak-shaped nose.
  • Bjornstad syndrome: An inherited condition characterized by twisted hairs and nerve deafness.
  • Björnstad Syndrome:
  • Black hairy tongue: The occurrence of a hairy tongue where the papillae are brown or black
  • Blepharitis: A common eyelid inflammation
  • Blepharophimosis telecanthus microstomia: A rare syndrome characterized by a flat face, small mouth and ear anomaly as well as a range of other abnormalities.
  • Body symptoms: Symptoms affecting the entire body features.
  • Bork-Stender-Schmidt syndrome: A very rare syndrome characterized primarily by unusual hair, retinal disease, dental problems and short fingers.
  • Brachmann-De Lange Syndrome: A rare congenital disorder characterized by very small stature, synophrys, thin downturning upper lip and micromelia.
  • Branchial arch syndrome X-linked: A rare syndrome characterized by a range of abnormalities such as facial anomalies, impaired hearing, short stature, learning disability and branchial arch defects.
  • Brittle hair: A condition which is characterized by the occurrence of brittle hair
  • Brittle hair -- mental deficiency: A rare inherited disease characterized by brittle hair, mental retardation and fragile nails.
  • Brittle hair in children: Brittle hair in children refers to a child's hair that is dry and breaks easily.
  • Brunzell syndrome: A rare recessively inherited syndrome characterized by a lack of skin fat (Seip syndrome), cystic angiomatosis of the long bones which can lead to fractures.
  • Bullous dystrophy, macular type: A rare condition characterized by loss of scalp hair, increased skin pigmentation, small head, mental retardation, short stature and blisters. The blisters do not form necessarily on skin that has suffered trauma but occurs spontaneously.
  • C-like syndrome: A rare disorder involving poor fetal growth, limb and facial defects and severe developmental delay.
  • Camptodactyly syndrome, Guadalajara type 1: A rare syndrome characterized mainly by retarded fetal growth and permanently flexed fingers as well as other abnormalities such as short toes, short neck and a small head.
  • Canavan leukodystrophy: A rare inherited disorder where a chemical imbalance in the brain leads to spongy degeneration of the central nervous system which results in progressive mental deterioration and associated symptoms.
  • Cantu Sanchez-Corona Garcia-cruz syndrome: A rare syndrome characterized by mental retardation, short stature, large skull, heart anomaly and various other abnormalities.
  • Cantú syndrome: A rare syndrome characterized mainly by excessive growth of hair, enlarged heart and abnormal development of bone and cartilage
  • Capecitabine poisoning: Capecitabine is used to treat metastatic colorectal and breast cancer . Ingestion and other exposures to the chemical can cause various symptoms. The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the amount of chemical involved and the nature of the exposure.
  • Carbon Baby Syndrome: A rare condition characterized by progressive increase in pigmentation of mucosal lining and skin.
  • Cardiofaciocutaneous Syndrome: A rare genetic disorder characterized by short stature, congenital heart defects skin anomalies and frontal bossing.
  • Cartilage Hair Hypoplasia: An inherited disorder characterized by short-limb dwarfism as well as hair that is short, fine, brittle and often light colored.
  • Cat Eye Syndrome: A rare chromosomal disorder involving abnormalities of chromosome 22 and characterized by coloboma of the iris, down-slanting palpebral fissures and anal atresia.
  • Cataract -- aberrant oral frenula -- growth delay: A rare syndrome characterized by cataracts, growth problems and abnormal mouth tissue (frenulum).
  • Cataract, alopecia, sclerodactyly: A rare disorder characterized by cataracts, lack of hair and skin changes in the hands and feet.
  • Celiac disease, susceptibility to 1: The susceptibility to developing celiac disease due to a genetic defect on chromosome 6p21.3. Celiac disease is a small intestine disorder where the ingestion of foods containing wheat gluten and similar proteins leads to the inflammation of the small intestine lining. This damage affects absorption of nutrients and can cause symptoms such as diarrhea. Growth in children due to malabsorption may also result. The type and severity of symptoms is variable.
  • Celiac disease, susceptibility to 10: The susceptibility to developing celiac disease due to a genetic defect on chromosome 3q25-q26. Celiac disease is a small intestine disorder where the ingestion of foods containing wheat gluten and similar proteins leads to the inflammation of the small intestine lining. This damage affects absorption of nutrients and can cause symptoms such as diarrhea. Growth in children due to malabsorption may also result. The type and severity of symptoms is variable.
  • Celiac disease, susceptibility to 11: The susceptibility to developing celiac disease due to a genetic defect on chromosome 3q28. Celiac disease is a small intestine disorder where the ingestion of foods containing wheat gluten and similar proteins leads to the inflammation of the small intestine lining. This damage affects absorption of nutrients and can cause symptoms such as diarrhea. Growth in children due to malabsorption may also result. The type and severity of symptoms is variable.
  • Celiac disease, susceptibility to 12: The susceptibility to developing celiac disease due to a genetic defect on chromosome 6q25.3. Celiac disease is a small intestine disorder where the ingestion of foods containing wheat gluten and similar proteins leads to the inflammation of the small intestine lining. This damage affects absorption of nutrients and can cause symptoms such as diarrhea. Growth in children due to malabsorption may also result. The type and severity of symptoms is variable.
  • Celiac disease, susceptibility to 13: The susceptibility to developing celiac disease due to a genetic defect in the SH2B3 gene on chromosome 12q24. Celiac disease is a small intestine disorder where the ingestion of foods containing wheat gluten and similar proteins leads to the inflammation of the small intestine lining. This damage affects absorption of nutrients and can cause symptoms such as diarrhea. Growth in children due to malabsorption may also result. The type and severity of symptoms is variable.
  • Celiac disease, susceptibility to 2: The susceptibility to developing celiac disease due to a genetic defect on chromosome 5q31-q33. Celiac disease is a small intestine disorder where the ingestion of foods containing wheat gluten and similar proteins leads to the inflammation of the small intestine lining. This damage affects absorption of nutrients and can cause symptoms such as diarrhea. Growth in children due to malabsorption may also result. The type and severity of symptoms is variable.
  • Celiac disease, susceptibility to 3: The susceptibility to developing celiac disease due to a genetic defect on chromosome 2q33. Celiac disease is a small intestine disorder where the ingestion of foods containing wheat gluten and similar proteins leads to the inflammation of the small intestine lining. This damage affects absorption of nutrients and can cause symptoms such as diarrhea. Growth in children due to malabsorption may also result. The type and severity of symptoms is variable.
  • Celiac disease, susceptibility to 4: The susceptibility to developing celiac disease due to a genetic defect on chromosome 19p13.1. Celiac disease is a small intestine disorder where the ingestion of foods containing wheat gluten and similar proteins leads to the inflammation of the small intestine lining. This damage affects absorption of nutrients and can cause symptoms such as diarrhea. Growth in children due to malabsorption may also result. The type and severity of symptoms is variable.
  • Celiac disease, susceptibility to 5: The susceptibility to developing celiac disease due to a genetic defect on chromosome 15q11-q13. Celiac disease is a small intestine disorder where the ingestion of foods containing wheat gluten and similar proteins leads to the inflammation of the small intestine lining. This damage affects absorption of nutrients and can cause symptoms such as diarrhea. Growth in children due to malabsorption may also result. The type and severity of symptoms is variable.
  • Celiac disease, susceptibility to 6: The susceptibility to developing celiac disease due to a genetic defect on chromosome 4q27. Celiac disease is a small intestine disorder where the ingestion of foods containing wheat gluten and similar proteins leads to the inflammation of the small intestine lining. This damage affects absorption of nutrients and can cause symptoms such as diarrhea. Growth in children due to malabsorption may also result. The type and severity of symptoms is variable.
  • Celiac disease, susceptibility to 7: The susceptibility to developing celiac disease due to a genetic defect on chromosome 1q31. Celiac disease is a small intestine disorder where the ingestion of foods containing wheat gluten and similar proteins leads to the inflammation of the small intestine lining. This damage affects absorption of nutrients and can cause symptoms such as diarrhea. Growth in children due to malabsorption may also result. The type and severity of symptoms is variable.
  • Celiac disease, susceptibility to 8: The susceptibility to developing celiac disease due to a genetic defect on chromosome 2q11-q12. Celiac disease is a small intestine disorder where the ingestion of foods containing wheat gluten and similar proteins leads to the inflammation of the small intestine lining. This damage affects absorption of nutrients and can cause symptoms such as diarrhea. Growth in children due to malabsorption may also result. The type and severity of symptoms is variable.
  • Celiac disease, susceptibility to 9: The susceptibility to developing celiac disease due to a genetic defect on chromosome 3p21. Celiac disease is a small intestine disorder where the ingestion of foods containing wheat gluten and similar proteins leads to the inflammation of the small intestine lining. This damage affects absorption of nutrients and can cause symptoms such as diarrhea. Growth in children due to malabsorption may also result. The type and severity of symptoms is variable.
  • Cerebellar ataxia -- ectodermal dysplasia: A rare syndrome characterized by balance and coordination problems and teeth and hair abnormalities.
  • Cerebro-oculo-nasal syndrome: A rare syndrome characterized mainly by eye, nose and brain malformations.
  • Cervicooculoacoustic syndrome: A rare genetic disorder characterized by ocular palsy, congenital perceptive deafness and fusion of the vertebrae in the neck.
  • Changes in amount of body hair: increased in the amount of body hair is known as hirsutism
  • Changes in texture of body hair: coarse hair
  • Chemical poisoning -- Borates: Borate is a chemical used in a wide variety of products - herbicides, paints, insecticides, rodenticides and various personal products such as skin creams, toothpastes and powders. Ingestion and other exposures to the chemical can cause various symptoms. The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the amount of chemical involved and the nature of the exposure.
  • Chemical poisoning -- Hexachlorobenzene: Hexachlorobenzene is a chemical used mainly in seed treatments. The chemical may be absorbed through the skin. Ingestion and other exposures to the chemical can cause various symptoms. The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the amount of chemical involved and the nature of the exposure.
  • Chemical poisoning -- Thallium Sulfate: Thallium Sulfate is a chemical used mainly in the manufacture of switches and closures in the semiconductor industry. It has historically also been used as a rodenticide. Ingestion and other exposures to the chemical can cause various symptoms. The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the amount of chemical involved and the nature of the exposure.
  • Chondrodystrophia calcificans congenita: A rare genetic disorder characterized by growth deficiency, short limbs, large skin pores, sparse hair and other abnormalities.
  • Chondrodystrophia punctata, autosomal dominant: A rare genetic disorder characterized by growth deficiency, short limbs, large skin pores, sparse hair and other abnormalities.
  • Christianson Fourie syndrome: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by hair and nail abnormalities.
  • Chromosome 1, Partial Trisomy: A rare genetic disorder where part of the genetic material from chromosome 1 is duplicated so there are three copies in the body's cells rather than the normal two copies. The type and severity of symptoms is variable depending on the size and location of the genetic material duplicated.
  • Chromosome 1, deletion q21 q25: A rare chromosomal disorder where deletion of a portion of chromosome 1 causes various abnormalities such as retarded fetal growth, osteoporosis, facial anomalies and hearing loss.
  • Chromosome 1, monosomy 1q25 q32: A rare chromosomal disorder where deletion of a portion of chromosome 1 causes various abnormalities such as digital defects, facial dysmorphism, retarded growth, mental retardation and spasticity.
  • Chromosome 1, monosomy 1q4: A rare chromosomal disorder where deletion of a portion of chromosome 1 causes various abnormalities such as facial dysmorphism, retarded fetal growth, seizures, mental retardation, testicular problems and kidney defects.
  • Chromosome 1, proximal deletion:
  • Chromosome 1, uniparental disomy 1q12 q21: A rare chromosomal disorder where part or all of the short arm (p) of chromosome 1 is deleted resulting in various abnormalities which are determined by the size of the deleted portion.
  • Chromosome 10, trisomy 10p: A rare chromosomal disorder where there are three copies of the short arm (p) of chromosome 10 rather than the normal two resulting in various abnormalities. The type and severity of symptoms depend on the amount and location of genetic material duplicated.
  • Chromosome 10p duplication syndrome: A rare chromosomal disorder where there are three copies of the short arm (p) of chromosome 10 rather than the normal two resulting in various abnormalities. The type and severity of symptoms depend on the amount and location of genetic material duplicated.
  • Chromosome 12, Isochromosome 12p Mosaic: A very rare disorder genetic disorder involving abnormalities in chromosome 12. The severity of symptoms is variable and tends to include a wide range of defects and abnormalities.
  • Chromosome 12, trisomy 12q: A rare chromosomal disorder where there are three copies of the long arm (q) of chromosome 12 rather than the normal two resulting in various abnormalities. In most cases, death occurs during infancy. The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the amount and exact location of the genetic material that is duplicated.
  • Chromosome 12p tetrasomy syndrome: A rare chromosomal disorder where there are four copies of the short arm (p) of chromosome 12 rather than the normal two resulting in various abnormalities.
  • Chromosome 12q duplication syndrome: A rare chromosomal disorder where there are three copies of the long arm (q) of chromosome 12 rather than the normal two resulting in various abnormalities. In most cases, death occurs during infancy.
  • Chromosome 13q duplication syndrome: A rare chromosomal disorder where the long arm (q) of chromosome 13 is duplicated resulting in various physical, neurological and developmental abnormalities.
  • Chromosome 14q, proximal duplication: A rare chromosomal disorder where duplication of a portion of chromosome 14 causes various abnormalities such as facial dysmorphism, limb abnormalities, mental retardation and short stature.
  • Chromosome 15 inverted duplication: A rare chromosomal disorder involving an duplicated section of chromosome 15 which is reversed end-to-end resulting in various abnormalities.
  • Chromosome 15q duplication syndrome: A rare chromosomal disorder involving an extra copy of genetic material from the long arm of chromosome 15. The type and severity of symptoms are determined by the amount and location of the duplicated genetic material.
  • Chromosome 15q, trisomy: A rare chromosomal disorder involving an extra copy of genetic material from the long arm of chromosome 15. The type and severity of symptoms are determined by the amount and location of the duplicated genetic material.
  • Chromosome 16p, partial duplication: A rare chromosomal disorder involving an extra copy of genetic material from the short arm of chromosome 16. The type and severity of symptoms are determined by the amount and location of the duplicated genetic material.
  • Chromosome 16q, partial duplication: A rare chromosomal disorder involving an extra copy of genetic material from the long arm of chromosome 16. The type and severity of symptoms are determined by the amount and location of the duplicated genetic material. Severe cases often result in spontaneous abortion or infant death.
  • Chromosome 17p, partial duplication: A rare chromosomal disorder involving an extra copy of genetic material from the short arm of chromosome 17. The type and severity of symptoms are determined by the amount and location of the duplicated genetic material.
  • Chromosome 17q, partial duplication: A rare chromosomal disorder involving an extra copy of genetic material from the long arm of chromosome 17. The type and severity of symptoms are determined by the amount and location of the duplicated genetic material.
  • Chromosome 18, Tetrasomy 18p: A rare chromosomal disorder where there are four copies of short arm of chromosome 18 instead of the normal two which results in various genital, kidney, digital, head and face abnormalities.
  • Chromosome 18, trisomy 18q: A rare chromosomal disorder involving an extra copy of genetic material from the long arm of chromosome 18. The type and severity of symptoms are determined by the amount and location of the duplicated genetic material.
  • Chromosome 19p duplication syndrome: A rare chromosomal disorder where the short arm of chromosome 19 is duplicated resulting in various abnormalities.
  • Chromosome 19q, partial duplication: A rare chromosomal disorder where the long arm of chromosome is triplicated. The type and severity of symptoms is determined by the size of the duplicated genetic portion.
  • Chromosome 19q13.11 Deletion syndrome: A rare genetic syndrome involving features such as poor fetal growth, reduced fetal activity, developmental problems and various other physical symptoms.
  • Chromosome 1p deletion syndrome: A rare chromosomal disorder where part or all of the short arm (p) of chromosome 1 is deleted resulting in various abnormalities which are determined by the size of the deleted portion.
  • Chromosome 1q deletion: A rare chromosomal disorder where part of the long arm (q) of chromosome 1 is deleted resulting in various abnormalities which are determined by the size of the deleted portion.
  • Chromosome 1q duplication syndrome: A rare chromosomal disorder involving duplication of the long arm (q) of chromosome 1 which results in various abnormalities depending on the size and location of the portion of duplicated genetic material.
  • Chromosome 2 trisomy syndrome: A rare chromosomal disorder where there are three copies of chromosome 2 instead of the normal two.
  • Chromosome 2, monosomy 2q: A rare chromosomal disorder where part of the long arm (q) of chromosome 2 is deleted resulting in various abnormalities which are determined by the size of the deleted portion.
  • Chromosome 2, monosomy 2q37: A very rare chromosomal disorder where a part of the long arm of chromosome 2 is missing which results in various birth defects and abnormalities. The features of the disorder are determined by the exact size and location of the deletion.
  • Chromosome 22 Ring: A rare chromosomal disorder where genetic material from one or both ends of chromosome 22 is missing and the two broken ends have rejoined to form a ring. The resulting type and severity of symptoms is determined by the amount and location of genetic material missing.
  • Chromosome 22 trisomy mosaic: A rare chromosomal disorder where three copies of chromosome 22 are present in some of the body's cells instead of the normal two. Severity of symptoms is determined by how many cells have the extra chromosomal material.
  • Chromosome 22, trisomy: A very rare disorder where there is an extra copy of chromosome 22 in all the body cells. The condition is usually fatal soon after birth or during the fetal stage.
  • Chromosome 3, Monosomy 3p2: A very rare chromosomal disorder involving the deletion of the end portion of short arm of chromosome 3. Symptoms vary according to the exact size and location of the deletion.
  • Chromosome 3, Trisomy 3q2: A rare chromosomal disorder involving the duplication of a portion of the long arm of chromosome 3. The symptoms are determined by the size and exact location of the duplicated portion.
  • Chromosome 3, trisomy 3q: A rare chromosomal disorder where a portion of the long arm (q) of chromosome 3 is duplicated so there is three copies of it rather than the normal two. The condition is characterized by mental and growth deficiency, broad nose root and excessive hair growth.
  • Chromosome 5q deletion syndrome: A rare chromosomal disorder where the long arm (q) of chromosome 5 is deleted resulting in various abnormalities.
  • Chromosome 6, partial trisomy 6q: Partial Trisomy 6q is a very rare genetic disorder where there are three copies of a portion of chromosome 6 in the cells of the body instead of the normal two. The range and severity of symptoms is variable.
  • Chromosome 7, trisomy 7q: A rare chromosomal disorder involving duplication of the long arm (q) of chromosome 7 which results in various abnormalities depending on the size and location of the portion of duplicated genetic material.
  • Chromosome 7q duplication syndrome: A rare chromosomal disorder involving duplication of the long arm (q) of chromosome 7 which results in various abnormalities depending on the size and location of the portion of duplicated genetic material.
  • Chromosome 8 ring: A rare chromosomal disorder involving chromosome 8 which causes various abnormalities such as mental retardation, ureter anomalies, finger defects and facial dysmorphism.
  • Chromosome 8, trisomy 8q: A rare chromosomal disorder where the long arm (q) of chromosome 8 is duplicated resulting in variable abnormalities depending on the location and length of genetic material deleted.
  • Chromosome 8p inverted duplication syndrome: A rare chromosomal disorder involving the inverted duplication of the short arm (p) of chromosome 8 resulting in three copies of the genetic material instead of the normal two. The type and severity of symptoms is determined by the location and size of the duplication.
  • Chromosome 8q duplication syndrome: A rare chromosomal disorder where the long arm (q) of chromosome 8 is duplicated resulting in variable abnormalities depending on the location and length of genetic material deleted.
  • Chromosome 9, Partial Monosomy 9p: A rare chromosomal disorder where a portion of the short arm (p) of chromosome 9 is missing resulting in various abnormalities. The type and severity of symptoms is determined by the amount of genetic material that is missing.
  • Chromosome 9, Tetrasomy 9p: A rare chromosomal disorder where there is four copies of the short arm of chromosome 9 instead of the normal two resulting in various abnormalities.
  • Chromosome 9, monosomy 9p: A rare chromosomal disorder where a portion of the short arm (p) of chromosome 9 is missing resulting in various abnormalities.
  • Chromosome 9, trisomy 9q32: A rare chromosomal disorder where duplication of a portion of chromosome 9 causes various abnormalities such as short stature and mental retardation and facial anomalies.
  • Chromosome 9p tetrasomy syndrome: A rare chromosomal disorder where there is four copies of the short arm of chromosome 9 instead of the normal two resulting in various abnormalities.
  • Chromosome Xp11.23-p11.22 Duplication syndrome: A rare syndrome characterized by the association of a large head, lack of hair, scoliosis and a skin anomaly. The reported patients tend to involve parents who were related.
  • Cirrhosis of liver: diffuse hepatic process characterized by fibrosis and the conversion of normal liver architecture into structurally abnormal nodules
  • Cleft lip palate -- oligodontia -- syndactyly -- pili torti: A very rare syndrome characterized by a cleft lip and palate, webbed fingers, missing teeth and hair abnormality (pili torti).
  • Cleft palate, bilateral choanal atresia, curly hair and congenital hypothyroidism: A rare syndrome characterized by the association of curly, choanal atresia, cleft palate and congenital hypothyroidism.
  • Clouston syndrome: A rare genetic ectodermal disorder characterized by skin, hair, nail and eye abnormalities.
  • Coarse hair: The occurrence of coarse feeling hair
  • Coarse hair in children: Coarse hair in children refers to a child's hair that is thicker and more bristly than average.
  • Cockayne syndrome: A rare genetic disorder characterized by a senile-like appearance, hearing and vision impairment and sun sensitive skin.
  • Coffin-Lowry syndrome: A rare genetic disorder characterized by down slanting space between eyelids, bulbous nose, soft hands and tapering fingers.
  • Coffin-Siris Syndrome: A rare genetic disorder characterized by underdeveloped or absent fifth finger and toenails and coarse facial features.
  • Coleman Randall syndrome: A rare condition (one reported case) characterized by deafness, underdeveloped gonads, pili torti and a deficiency of growth and luteinizing hormone.
  • Coloboma -- hair abnormality: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by hair and eye abnormalities.
  • Comel-Netherton Syndrome: A rare inherited condition characterized by abnormally formed hair shafts and a skin condition involving scaling and redness of the skin. Patients are also predisposed to developing allergic conditions such as asthma and eczema and food allergies. The severity of the condition can vary with some infants having a poor prognosis due to severe allergies, infections and skin problems whereas others have milder symptoms and fewer allergic manifestations.
  • Congenital adrenal hyperplasia -- non-classical form: A late onset form of congenital adrenal hyperplasia where insufficient adrenal corticosteroids are produced by the body due to the deficiency of a particular chemical. The severity of symptoms varies from person to person and onset may occur as early as childhood.
  • Congenital alopecia X-linked: A rare inherited form of reduced or absent of scalp hair from infancy. As it is X-linked it tends to affect males only.
  • Congenital disorder of glycosylation type 1M: Congenital disorders of glycosylation is a group of very rare inherited metabolic disorder where defective carbohydrate compounds are attached to glycoproteins and thus impairing glycoprotein function. Type Im is caused by a defect on chromosome 9q34.11 and involves a defect in the TMEM15 gene.
  • Congenital hypotrichosis milia: A rare inherited disorder characterized by reduced hair from birth and the development of numerous milia which tend to disappear by adolescence. The milia occur on the face, chest, armpits and genital area.
  • Conradi-Huenermann Syndrome: A rare genetic disorder characterized by growth deficiency, short limbs, large skin pores, sparse hair and other abnormalities.
  • Conradi-Hunermann syndrome: A rare genetic disorder characterized by growth deficiency, short limbs, large skin pores, sparse hair and other abnormalities.
  • Conradi-Hünermann Syndrome: A condition which affects the development of bone and cartilage
  • Copper deficiency, familial benign: A rare inherited copper deficiency. Copper has many functions in the body including heart function, cholesterol metabolism, brain development, immune defenses, blood supply, glucose metabolism and normal bone development.
  • Cornelia de Lange Syndrome: A very rare disorder involving delayed physical development and various malformations involving the head, face and limbs. The severity of symptoms is variable.
  • Cornelia de Lange syndrome 1: A very rare disorder involving delayed physical development and various malformations involving the head, face and limbs. Type 1 is more severe than type 2 though the range and severity of symptoms is variable.
  • Cornelia de Lange syndrome 2: A very rare disorder involving delayed physical development and various malformations involving the head, face and limbs. Type 2 is not as severe as type 1 with some of the abnormalities not presenting until later in life or absent altogether. The range and severity of symptoms is variable.
  • Cornelia de Lange syndrome 3: A very rare disorder involving delayed physical development and various malformations involving the head, face and limbs. Type 3 is a very mild form of the disorder and is typified by mildly unusual facial appearance and no skeletal or limb malformations.
  • Corpus callosum agenesis double urinary collecting: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by abnormal development of the structure separating the two halves of the brain as well as duplicated ureters that collect the urine from the kidney and deliver it to the bladder.
  • Corpus callosum agenesis double urinary collecting system and trigonocephaly: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by abnormal development of the structure separating the two halves of the brain as well as duplicated ureters that collect the urine from the kidney and deliver it to the bladder.
  • Cortes-Lacassie syndrome: A rare syndrome characterized by nail, hair and teeth abnormalities, malformed hands and feet and seizures. The disorder has only been reported in one cause which resulted in death at 31 months
  • Costello syndrome: A rare genetic disorder characterized by papillomas which may become malignant.
  • Cote-Katsantoni syndrome: A rare condition characterized by osteosclerosis, atrial septal defect, malabsorption, neutropenia, ectodermal dysplasia, growth retardation and mental retardation.
  • Cradle Cap: Common scalp condition in babies
  • Craniodigital syndrome -- mental retardation: A very rare syndrome characterized by webbed fingers and toes, mental retardation and skull and facial anomalies.
  • Cranioectodermal dysplasia: A rare condition involving various congenital deformities such as short stature, long head, widely spaced eyes and teeth abnormalities.
  • Craniolenticulosutural dysplasia: A rare syndrome characterized by skeletal defects and an unusual facial appearance consisting mainly of a prominent forehead, wide-set eyes, broad nose and a prominent forehead with a birthmark.
  • Cronkhite-Canada Syndrome: A rare non-inherited disorder characterized by numerous growths in the mucous lining of the intestine and stomach, hair loss, dark pigmented skin spots and loss of fingernails.
  • Cronkhite-Canada disease: A rare condition characterized primarily by polyps in the digestive tract, hair loss and nail problems.
  • Crumpled helices and small mouth: A very rare condition observed in two sibling and characterized by the association of a small mouth and crumpled ear helices.
  • Cushing syndrome, familial: A hormonal disorder caused by high levels of the cortisol hormone due to the abnormal development of the adrenal gland.
  • Cushing's disease: A condition of hyperadrenocorticism which is secondary to excessive pituitary secretion of ACTH. Cushing's disease is different to Cushing's syndrome which refers to the effects of glucocorticoid excess from any cause.
  • Cushing's disease-like hirsutism: Increased in the amount of body hair is known as hirsutism.
  • Cushing-like symptoms: Symptoms similar to those of Cushing's disease
  • Dandruff: Scaly and dry material that is shed from the scalp
  • Davenport-Donlan syndrome: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by deafness, white hair, contractures and papillomas.
  • Davis syndrome: A very rare condition where short-limbed dwarfism is associated with immunodeficiency.
  • Deafness -- pili torti -hypogonadism: An inherited condition characterized by twisted hairs, hypogonadism and nerve deafness.
  • Decreased hair growth: Normal hair fall is approximately 100-125 hair per day. True hair loss occurs when lost hair are not regrown or when the daily hair shed exceeds 125 hair
  • Defective hair structure in children: Defective hair structure in children occurs when a child's hair is weak or has other abnormalities in its makeup.
  • Del (2) (q23.3-q24.2): A rare chromosomal disorder characterized by various anomalies. The listed symptoms are those observed in the few reported cases. The manifestations linked to most genetic defects are often variable to some degree.
  • Del (2) (q37.1-qter): A rare chromosomal disorder characterized by various anomalies. The listed symptoms are those observed in the few reported cases. The manifestations linked to most genetic defects are often variable to some degree.
  • Del (2) (q37.3-qter) and dup (8) (q24.3-qter)): A rare chromosomal disorder characterized by various anomalies. The listed symptoms are those observed in the few reported cases. The manifestations linked to most genetic defects are often variable to some degree.
  • Del(1) (23-q25): A very rare chromosomal disorder where a portion of the long arm (23q-q25) of chromosome one is missing.
  • Deletion 10q: A rare disorder caused by the deletion of a portion of chromosome 10q. The range and severity of symptoms is determined by the size of the portion that is deleted.
  • Deletion 2q: A rare chromosomal disorder where part of the long arm (q) of chromosome 2 is deleted resulting in various abnormalities which are determined by the size of the deleted portion.
  • Deletion of the Short Arm of Chromosome 1: A condition characterized by deletion of the short arm of chromosome 1
  • Dennis cohen syndrome: A rare syndrome characterized mainly by unusual facial appearance, mental retardation, short stature and sparse hair.
  • Dermatomyositis: A muscle disease characterized by chronic muscle inflammation resulting in progressive muscle weakness and a characteristic rash.
  • Dermo-odontodysplasia: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by tooth, skin, hair and nail abnormalities.
  • Developmental problems: Physical or mental development difficulty.
  • Diarrhea chronic with villous atrophy: A very rare metabolic disorder which causes abnormalities in the intestinal lining which results in chronic diarrhea. The reported patients died at 12 years of age and suffered a variety of other problems.
  • Dibasic aminoaciduria 2: A rare condition where protein intolerance occurs as a result of a defect in the transport of dibasic amino acids through the intestines and kidneys. The amino acids (component of protein) can't be broken down properly and used by the body so it builds up and causes damage.
  • Discoid lupus erythematosus: Form of lupus affecting the skin.
  • Distal trisomy 6q: Partial Trisomy 6q is a very rare genetic disorder where there are three copies of a portion of chromosome 6 in the cells of the body instead of the normal two. The range and severity of symptoms is variable.
  • Dry hair: A condition which is characterized by a dry texture to ones hair
  • Dry hair in children: Dry hair in children is unusually dry hair in a child.
  • Duane anomaly -- mental retardation: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by mental retardation and eye movement problems (Duane anomaly).
  • Dubowitz Syndrome: A rare genetic and developmental disorder characterized by infantile eczema, small stature, microcephaly and peculiar facial features.
  • Dull hair: Dull hair is hair that does not shine or hair that lacks lustre
  • Dup (3) (q12-qter): A rare chromosomal disorder characterized by various anomalies. The listed symptoms are those observed in one reported case. The manifestations linked to most genetic defects are often variable to some degree.
  • Dup (3) (q12-qter) and del (X) (pter-p21): A rare chromosomal disorder characterized by various anomalies. The listed symptoms are those observed in one reported case. The manifestations linked to most genetic defects are often variable to some degree.
  • Dup (3) (q21-qter): A rare chromosomal disorder characterized by various anomalies. The listed symptoms are those observed in fourteen reported cases. The manifestations linked to most genetic defects are often variable to some degree.
  • Dup (3) (q25-qter): A rare chromosomal disorder characterized by various anomalies. The listed symptoms are those observed in a few reported cases. The manifestations linked to most genetic defects are often variable to some degree.
  • Dup (3) (q27-qter) and dup (14) (pter-q12): A rare chromosomal disorder characterized by various anomalies. The listed symptoms are those observed in one reported case. The manifestations linked to most genetic defects are often variable to some degree.
  • Duplication 10p: A rare chromosomal disorder where there are three copies of the short arm (p) of chromosome 10 rather than the normal two resulting in various abnormalities. The type and severity of symptoms depend on the amount and location of genetic material duplicated.
  • Duplication 12q: A rare chromosomal disorder where there are three copies of the long arm (q) of chromosome 12 rather than the normal two resulting in various abnormalities. In most cases, death occurs during infancy. The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the amount and exact location of the genetic material that is duplicated.
  • Duplication 6q, partial: Partial Trisomy 6q is a very rare genetic disorder where there are three copies of a portion of chromosome 6 in the cells of the body instead of the normal two. The range and severity of symptoms is variable.
  • Duplication 7q: A rare chromosomal disorder involving duplication of the long arm (q) of chromosome 7 which results in various abnormalities depending on the size and location of the portion of duplicated genetic material.
  • Duplication 8q: A rare chromosomal disorder where the long arm (q) of chromosome 8 is duplicated resulting in variable abnormalities depending on the location and length of genetic material deleted.
  • Dyskeratosis Congenita: A rare genetic disorder characterized by sking pigmentation abnormalities, nail dystrophy and mucous membrane changes.
  • Dyskeratosis congenita of Zinsser-Cole-Engman: An inherited condition characterized by recurring painful mouth ulcers, skin pigmentation and nail abnormalities.
  • Dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa: A rare inherited skin blistering condition which can vary in severity depending on how it is inherited. Recessively inherited are more severe than dominantly inherited cases and can cause the loss of patches of skin and scarring which can impair limb function.
  • EEC syndrome: A rare genetic disorder characterized by absence of fingers and toes, ectodermal dysplasia and cleft lip or cleft palate.
  • Easily plucked hair: hair which can be plucked from the root without the subject experiencing any pain or discomfort.
  • Ectodermal dysplasia: A group of rare inherited conditions which affect the ectodermal skin layer which includes the skin, hair, teeth and nails.
  • Ectodermal dysplasia -- alopecia -- preaxial polydactyly: A rare syndrome characterized by facial abnormalities, extra toes and sparse or absent hair.
  • Ectodermal dysplasia -- arthrogryposis -- diabetes mellitus: A rare syndrome characterized by diabetes, short stature and tooth, hair and nail abnormalities.
  • Ectodermal dysplasia -- blindness: A rare syndrome characterized mainly be mental retardation, vision loss, short stature and teeth and hair abnormalities.
  • Ectodermal dysplasia -- ectrodactyly -- macular dystrophy: A rare syndrome characterized mainly by skin, hair, nail and eye abnormalities as well as missing fingers.
  • Ectodermal dysplasia -- hypohidrotic -- hypothyroidism -- ciliary dyskinesia: A rare syndrome characterized by alopecia (A), nail problems (N), eye problems (O - ophthalmic), thyroid dysfunction (T), reduced sweating (H - hypohidrosis), freckles (E-ephelides), intestinal disease (E - enteropathy) and respiratory tract infections (R).
  • Ectodermal dysplasia -- mental retardation -- CNS malformation: A rare syndrome characterized mainly by mental retardation, central nervous system disorders and skin, hair and nail abnormalities.
  • Ectodermal dysplasia -- mental retardation -- central nervous system malformation: A rare syndrome characterized by severe mental retardation, hypothyroidism, abnormal brain development and hair, teeth and nail abnormalities.
  • Ectodermal dysplasia -- neurosensory deafness: A rare syndrome characterized by nerve deafness, abnormally bent fifth fingers, ectodermal dysplasia and scoliosis.
  • Ectodermal dysplasia anhidrotic: A rare inherited condition involving skin, hair, teeth and nail abnormalities. The condition is characterized by the absence of sweat and sebaceous glands, underdeveloped hair and teeth, characteristic face and other physical deformities.
  • Ectodermal dysplasia mental retardation syndactyly: A rare syndrome characterized by mental retardation, webbed fingers and hair, nail and teeth abnormalities.
  • Ectodermal dysplasia trichoodontoonychial type: A rare syndrome characterized by nail, tooth and hair abnormalities.
  • Ectodermal dysplasia with natal teeth, Turnpenny type: A rare syndrome characterized mainly by missing teeth, sparse hair and dark velvety skin patches called acanthosis nigricans. The skin patches usually disappears during the second decade and may reoccur during pregnancy.
  • Ectodermal dysplasia, 'pure' hair-nail type: A rare syndrome characterized mainly by greatly reduced hair on the scalp, eyelashes and eyebrows as well as abnormal nails.
  • Ectodermal dysplasia, Berlin type: A rare syndrome characterized mainly by the absence of many or all teeth, a lack of hair, mental retardation and skin abnormalities.
  • Ectodermal dysplasia, Margarita type: A rare genetic disorder characterized by mental retardation, webbed digits, cleft lip, cleft palate, sparse hair, reduced sweating and teeth abnormalities. Progressive loss of scalp hair usually results in baldness by adulthood.
  • Ectodermal dysplasia, anhidrotic with T-cell immunodeficiency, autosomal dominant: An inherited disorder characterized by dry, rough skin, sparse scalp hair, cone-shaped teeth and an immune system disorder.
  • Ectodermal dysplasia, hypohidrotic, autosomal dominant: A very rare inherited disorder that affects the development of skin, hair, nails, teeth and sweat glands during the fetal stage.
  • Ectodermal dysplasia, hypohidrotic, autosomal recessive: A rare genetic multisystem disorder characterized by hair, teeth, nail and skin abnormalities and absence of certain sweat glands.
  • Ectodermal dysplasia, hypohidrotic, with immune deficiency: A rare genetic disorder characterized inability to sweat, immune system problems and hair and teeth abnormalities.
  • Ectodermal dysplasia/ skin fragility syndrome: An extremely rare syndrome characterized by fragile skin which blisters and peels, abnormal nails and thickened skin on palms and soles. Skin blistering and peeling starts at birth.
  • Ectrodactyly -- Ectodermal Dysplasia -- Cleft Lip/Palate Syndrome, Type 1: EEC (Ectrodactyly, ectodermal dysplasia, cleft lip/palate) is a rare inherited condition characterized by split hand and foot deformities of variable severity, cleft lip or palate and teeth and hair anomalies. There are two main types of EEC which differ in the origin of the genetic defect. Type 1 is caused by a defect on chromosome 7q11. The severity and type of symptoms and deformities is highly variable.
  • Ectrodactyly -- Ectodermal Dysplasia -- Cleft Lip/Palate Syndrome, Type 3: EEC (Ectrodactyly, ectodermal dysplasia, cleft lip/palate) is a rare inherited condition characterized by split hand and foot deformities of variable severity, cleft lip or palate and teeth and hair anomalies. There are two main types of EEC which differ in the origin of the genetic defect. Type 3 is caused by a defect on chromosome 3q27. The severity and type of symptoms and deformities is highly variable.
  • Ectrodactyly ectrodermal dysplasia: A rare genetic disorder characterized by missing digits and hair, teeth and nail abnormalities. The severity of the hand and foot malformations is variable.
  • Ectrodactyly-ectodermal dysplasia-cleft lip/cleft palate: A rare inherited condition characterized by abnormalities of the fingers, toes, hair, glands, eyes anr urinary tract.
  • Edinburgh malformation syndrome: A rare syndrome characterized mental and physical retardation, infant death and various other abnormalities.
  • Ehlers-Danlos syndrome, progeroid form: A connective tissue disorder caused by an enzyme (xylosylprotein 4-beta-galactosyl transferase) deficiency.
  • Ehlers-Danlos syndrome, progeroid form 2: A rare genetic connective tissue disorder characterized by hypermobile joints, fragile skin, mental retardation and short stature.
  • Emery-Nelson syndrome: A rare condition characterized by a flat face and hand and foot abnormalities.
  • Entropion: A condition in which the eyelids fold inward causing the eyelashes to rub against the eye.
  • Epidermal nevus -- vitamin D resistant rickets: A rare syndrome characterized mainly by the presence of birth marks on the skin, bone abnormalities and mental retardation.
  • Epidermalolysis bullosa: A group of skin disorders characterized by fragile skin which can blister upon little or no trauma to the skin. There are a number of different subtypes with some being inherited and some acquired. The hands and feet are often the main parts of the body affected.
  • Epidermolysis bullosa simplex, Cockayne-Touraine type: A form of skin disease where fragile skin blisters if it suffers some sort of physical trauma. The blisters do not cause scarring and are exacerbated by warm weather.
  • Epidermolysis bullosa, lethal acantholytic: A very rare inherited disorder characterized by extremely fragile skin and mucous membranes which blisters and peels. The majority of the skin blisters and peels within a week of birth. Severe fluid loss and death follows soon after.
  • Epidermolysis bullosa, simplex: A group of skin disorders characterized by fragile skin which can blister upon little or no trauma to the skin. There are a number of different subtypes with some being inherited and some acquired. The hands and feet are often the main parts of the body affected.
  • Epidermolytic epidermolysis bullosa: A group of skin disorders characterized by fragile skin which can blister upon little or no trauma to the skin. There are a number of different subtypes with some being inherited and some acquired. The hands and feet are often the main parts of the body affected.
  • Epilepsy -- microcephaly -- skeletal dysplasia: A rare syndrome characterized by epilepsy, a small head and skeletal abnormalities.
  • Ermine phenotype: A very rare syndrome characterized by pigmentation abnormalities as well as deafness.
  • Erosive pustular dermatosis of the scalp: A form of scalp inflammation that is not contagious. It is a chronic disorder which can cause hair loss due to hair follicle damage if untreated.
  • Euhidrotic ectodermal dysplasia: A rare syndrome characterized mainly by tooth, hair and facial abnormalities.
  • Excess hair growth: A condition which is characterized by an abnormal excessive amount of hair growth
  • Excessive hair growth on lower back in children: Excessive hair growth on lower back in children occurs when there is a large amount of hair growth on the lower back in a child.
  • Exclamation hair: Exclamation hair is an abnormal type of hair structure that can be found near the edges of bald areas on the scalp.
  • Eyebrow Duplication -- Stretchable Skin -- Syndactyly: A rare syndrome characterized by partially duplicated eyebrows, abnormally stretchy skin and webbed digits.
  • Eyebrow itch: A loss of sensation to scratch the eyebrow.
  • Eyebrow rash: An eruption on the skin of the eyebrow.
  • Eyebrows duplication of, with stretchable skin and syndactyly: A rare syndrome characterized mainly by duplication of some of the eyebrow, increased skin elasticity and webbed fingers and toes.
  • Eyebrows duplication syndactyly: A rare syndrome characterized mainly by duplication of some of the eyebrow, webbed fingers and toes and occasionally increased skin elasticity and other variable symptoms.
  • Eyelash bleeding: Bleeding from the base of the eyelashes - usually occurs due to physical injury.
  • Eyelash blister: Small raised fluid filled lesions seen along the eyelid area.
  • Eyelash bruise: Bruise along the eyelash margin of the eyelids..
  • Eyelash burning sensation: Abnormal burning sensations felt at the base of the eyelashes.
  • Eyelash deformity: Alteration or distortion in the normal appearance of the eyelashes.
  • Eyelash infection: Infection at the base of the eyelashes.
  • Eyelash inflammation: Inflammation at the base of the eyelashes.
  • Eyelash numb: Abnormal sensation of numbness felt at the base of the eyelashes.
  • Eyelash rash: Raised erythematous area along the eyelash.
  • Eyelash spasm: Abnormal contraction of the muscle of the eyelid area.
  • Eyelash symptoms: Symptoms affecting the eyelash
  • Eyelash tingling: Abnormal tingling sensations felt at the base of the eyelashes.
  • Eyelash ulcer: Break in the continuity of the skin along the eyelid area.
  • Eyelash weakness: Weakness in the musculature along the eyelid margins.
  • FG Syndrome: A rare genetic disorder characterized by anal abnormalities, reduced muscle tone and a prominent forehead.
  • FG syndrome 1: A rare inherited disorder characterized by anal abnormalities, reduced muscle tone and abnormal brain development. In type 1, the genetic defect is located on chromosome Xq12-q21.31.
  • FG syndrome 2: A rare inherited disorder characterized by anal abnormalities, reduced muscle tone and abnormal brain development. In type 2, the genetic defect is located on chromosome Xq28.
  • FG syndrome 3: A rare inherited disorder characterized by anal abnormalities, reduced muscle tone and abnormal brain development. In type 3, the genetic defect is located on chromosome Xp22.3.
  • FG syndrome 4: A rare inherited disorder characterized by anal abnormalities, reduced muscle tone and abnormal brain development. In type 4, the genetic defect is located on chromosome Xp11.4-p11.3.
  • FG syndrome 5: A rare inherited disorder characterized by anal abnormalities, reduced muscle tone and abnormal brain development. In type 5, the genetic defect is located on chromosome Xq22.3.
  • FLOTCH syndrome: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by kidney stones, completely white nails and cysts that form in oil producing areas of skin.
  • Face symptoms: Symptoms affecting the face
  • Facial dysmorphism -- shawl scrotum -- joint laxity syndrome: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by loose joints, facial anomalies and a shawl scrotum.
  • Facial ectodermal dysplasia: A very rare inherited disorder characterized by hair, teeth, nail and skin abnormalities. The type and severity of symptoms is variable.
  • Facial hair growth: The growth of hair on the face
  • Faciodigitogenital syndrome, recessive form: A rare syndrome characterized by facial, digital and genital abnormalities.
  • Familial hypopituitarism: Impaired pituitary gland hormone-producing activity that tends to run in families. The failure of the pituitary gland in turn affects other hormone-producing glands which rely on the hormones from the pituitary gland for their activity. Symptoms are determined by the degree and type of hormone deficiency involved.
  • Familial hypothyroidism: Impaired thyroid activity that tends to run in families.
  • Familial renal cell carcinoma: A genetic form of kidney cancer that develops in the lining of the tubules in the kidney and tends to run in families.
  • Feminisation: Female-like physical changes in males
  • Fetal Hydantoin Syndrome: A rare disorder caused by fetal exposure to phenytoin (anticonvulsant drug) and resulting in various abnormalities.
  • Fetal minoxidil syndrome: Fetal exposure to minoxidil which can pass from the mother to the fetus through the placenta. Minoxidil is a blood vessel dilator mainly used to treat high blood pressure but has other uses as well. Increased body hair is the main consistent effect of exposure to the drug. The amount of hair usually returns to normal within the first year.
  • Fibromatosis gingival -- hypertrichosis: A rare disorder characterized by excessive growth of body hair and enlarged gums.
  • Fine hair: also called lanugo is the fine hair which grows in an attempt to insulate the skin due to lack of fat
  • Fischer Syndrome: A rare condition characterized by unusual facial appearance, thickened skin on palms and soles, physical and mental delay and various other anomalies.
  • Fitzsimmons-McLachlan-Gilbert syndrome: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by mental retardation paraplegia and thickened coarse skin on palms and soles.
  • Floating Harbor Syndrome: A rare genetic disorder characterized by growth deficiency, typical facial appearance and speech delay.
  • Focal alopecia congenital -- megalencephaly: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by patchy hair loss which has no associated inflammation and scarring of the scalp. Megalencephaly (large, heavy brain) is also present.
  • Focal dermal hypoplasia: A rare genetic disorder characterized by bone, skin, teeth and pigmentation abnormalities as well as asymmetry of the face, trunk and extremities.
  • Focal facial dermal dysplasia, type II: A rare inherited disorder characterized by scar-like depressions on the temples due to a lack of fat under the skin as well as eye anomalies.
  • Folliculitis: An inflammatory reaction which occurs in the follicles
  • Forbes-Albright syndrome: A rare condition where a hormone secreting pituitary or hypothalamic tumor causes galactorrhea and amenorrhea.
  • Fowler-Christmas-Chapple syndrome: A rare syndrome characterized by the association of polycystic ovaries with the abnormal functioning of the urinary valve.
  • Francois dyscephalic syndrome: A rare genetic disorder characterized by very small stature, microphthalmia, small pinched nose and hypotrichosis.
  • Freire-Maia odontotrichomelic syndrome: A rare syndrome characterized by tooth, hair and limb abnormalities.
  • Freire-Maia syndrome: An extremely rare syndrome characterized by tooth, hair and limb abnormalities. The abnormalities can be quite severe in some cases. The parents may have been related in the reported cases.
  • Friedel Heid Grosshans syndrome: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by kidney stones, completely white nails and cysts that form in oil producing areas of skin.
  • Frontal baldness: hair loss in the frontal region
  • Frontonasal dysplasia -- Klippel Feil syndrome: A rare congenital disorder characterized by abnormal fusion of two or more vertebrae in the neck (Klippel Feil syndrome) as well as larynx and voice box abnormalities.
  • Fryns macrocephaly: A rare syndrome characterized by a large head, seizures, spasticity, weakness and unusual facial appearance.
  • Functioning pancreatic endocrine tumor: Tumors that develop in the pancreas and cause excessive secretion of one or more pancreatic hormones such as insulin, somatostatin, glucagons, gastrin, ACTH (corticosteroids) and vasoactive intestinal peptidase.
  • GAPO syndrome: A rare condition characterized by retarded growth, alopecia, otpic atrophy and failure of teeth to erupt.
  • GM1 gangliosidosis: A rare biochemical disorder involving a deficiency of an enzyme (beta-galactosidase A) which results in the accumulation of harmful chemicals (GM1 gangliosides) in the central nervous system and other body tissues. Type 1 is a severe infantile form of the disorder and involves a greater degree of accumulation than type II or III.
  • Gamborg nielsen syndrome: A rare genetic disorder characterized by hair, tooth and nail disorders.
  • Gangliosidosis generalized GM1, type 1: A rare biochemical disorder involving a deficiency of an enzyme (beta-galactosidase A) which results in the accumulation of harmful chemicals (GM1 gangliosides) in the central nervous system and other body tissues. Type 1 is a severe infantile form of the disorder and involves a greater degree of accumulation than type II or III.
  • Garret-Tripp syndrome: A rare syndrome characterized mainly by extra digits, a lack of hair and scaly skin on the scalp, face and neck.
  • Generalized lipodystrophy with mental retardation, deafness, short stature and slender bones: A recessively inherited disorder characterized by short stature, mental retardation, deafness, slender bones and degeneration of the body's fat tissue.
  • Generalized pustular psoriasis: This is a rare form of psoriasis is also known as von Zumbusch psoriasis. It can be life-threatening especially in the elderly. It is characterized by the development of pustules in the flexural areas - the backs of the knees, the insides of the elbows, the armpits and the groin. These pustules continue to spread and soon they join to form lakes of pus. The pustules rupture easily and can become infected. This condition can be fatal if the patient gets dehydrated, or the infection spreads to the bloodstream. Generalized pustular psoriasis is often triggered by stopping topical or oral steroids.
  • Genital anomaly -- cardiomyopathy: A rare syndrome characterized by the association of heart disease with genital abnormalities.
  • Giant axonal neuropathy: A rare genetic disorder characterized by incoordination, vision problems and dementia caused by abnormalities of a nerve cell component.
  • Glomerulonephritis -- sparse hair -- telangiectases: A rare syndrome characterized by sparse hair, kidney disease and enlarged skin blood vessels (telangiectasia).
  • Glory lily poisoning: The glory lily is a type of vine which bears unusual yellow and red flowers. It is often used as an indoor and outdoor ornamental plant. The plant contains various chemicals that can cause serious symptoms if eaten. The roots are the most toxic part of the plant. The plant is considered very toxic and serious cases can result in death.
  • Glucocorticoid resistance: A rare condition where all or parts of the body are unable to respond to glucocorticoids. Symptoms depend on the level or resistance.
  • Goldstein-Hutt syndrome: A rare syndrome characterized mainly by cataracts, excessive eyelash growth and and a blood abnormality (the red blood cells are spherical instead of doughnut shaped which makes them fragile).
  • Gonadal dysgenesis XY type associated anomalies: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by a large range of variable physical abnormalities and gonad anoamlies.
  • Gradual onset of coarse hair: Gradual onset of coarse hair is the slow development of hair that is thick and bristly.
  • Gradual onset of frontal baldness: Gradual onset of frontal baldness is a condition in which there is a slow onset of baldness on the front area of the scalp.
  • Graft versus host disease -- chronic: A condition that occurs as a complication of bone marrow transfusion or leukocyte transfusion. The introduced transfusion material produces immune cells against the host's body. The chronic form of the condition usually results in symptoms 3 months or more after the transfusion.
  • Gram negative folliculitis:
  • Granulomatous hypophysitis: A rare disorder caused by the inflammation of the pituitary gland. It can occur as a result of other infections such as tuberculosis and sarcoidosis.
  • Graves disease: A condition which is an autoimmune disease that affects the thyroid resulting hyperthyroidism
  • Graying: Gray coloring of the hair
  • Greasy hair: Greasy hair is a condition in which the hair is oily.
  • Greasy hair in children: Greasy hair in children refers to a child's hair that is oily.
  • Growth Hormone Deficiency: A deficiency in growth hormone which results in poor growth.
  • Growth Hormone Receptor Deficiency: Laron syndrome is a rare genetic disease where the body has sufficient growth hormones but lacks receptors to utilize the hormone and hence dwarfism results. Type 1 involves a defect in the growth hormone receptor gene which prevents the hormone from binding and being used. Hence there are high levels of free growth hormone in the plasma. Type II involves a problem with the processing of the growth hormone once it has been bound properly to the cell surface.
  • Gynandroblastoma: A type of ovarian tumor that causes feminizing and masculinizing effects of estrogen and androgen.
  • HAIR-AN Syndrome: A very rare syndrome that affects females only and is characterized mainly by insulin resistance, dark velvety patches of skin and increased male hormone production in females.
  • Hair conditions: Any disorder the affects the hair
  • Hair defect photosensitivity mental retardation: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by mental retardation, sensitivity to light and sparse, fragile hair.
  • Hair defect with photosensitivity and mental retardation: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by mental retardation, sensitivity to light and sparse, fragile hair
  • Hair defects: Hair defects refers to any type of abnormality of the hair.
  • Hair excess: An excess of body hair
  • Hair loss: Loss or thinning of head or body hair
  • Hair loss due to medication therapy: Hair loss due to medication therapy refers to hair that falls out as a side effect of medication.
  • Hair loss in children: Hair loss in children is the loss of a child's hair.
  • Hair symptoms: Symptoms affecting the hair
  • Hair thinning: The thinning of ones hair
  • Hairiness: Increasing or heavy head or body hair
  • Hairy Tongue: Abnormal sensation where the tongue feels hairy or furry.
  • Hajdu-Cheney Syndrome: A rare genetic disorder characterized by early tooth loss, relaxed joints, small stature and bone abnormalities.
  • Halal Setton Wang syndrome: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by eye, teeth, nail and skin abnormalities.
  • Hallermann-Streiff Syndrome: A condition which affects stature, head shape and hair growth
  • Hand-Schuller-Christian Syndrome: A group of blood disorder involving excess production of histiocytes (type of immune cell) throughout the body. Accumulation of histiocytes results in non-cancerous growths which can damage organs and other body tissues such as bones. Symptom vary hugely and depend on location and size of tumor growths.
  • Hanhart syndrome type IV: A rare disorder where a genetic error of amino acid metabolism results in thickened skin on palms and soles, skin lumps, mental retardation and finger, toe, eye, hair and teeth abnormalities.
  • Harlequin type ichthyosis: A very rare genetic skin disorder where a newborn is covered with large plates of thick skin that cracks and splits.
  • Hartnup Disease: A disorder of amino acid transport resulting in light sensitive dermatitis, ataxia, migraines and personality changes.
  • Hashimoto's thyroiditis: Hashimoto thyroiditis is characterized by the destruction of thyroid cells by various cell- and antibody-mediated immune processes. Patients with Hashimoto thyroiditis have antibodies to various thyroid antigens, the most frequently detected of which include antithyroid peroxidase (anti-TPO), antithyroglobulin (anti-Tg), and, to a lesser extent, TSH receptor-blocking antibodies.
  • Hay-Wells Syndrome: A rare genetic disorder characterized by ankyloblepharon, ectodermal dysplasia, and cleft lip and/or cleft palate.
  • Hay-Wells syndrome, recessive type: A rare recessively inherited genetic disorder characterized by ankyloblepharon, ectodermal dysplasia, and cleft lip and/or cleft palate. The recessive form of this condition is distinguished by the presence at birth of adhesions between the upper and lower jaws.
  • Head symptoms: Symptoms affecting the head or brain
  • Heller-Nelson syndrome: A variant of Klinefelter syndrome (extra X chromosome in most cells) involving a range of abnormalities.
  • Hemochromatosis type 3: A rare genetic disorder where too much iron is absorbed from food and it is stored in various parts of the body which can cause damage. Type 3 has an onset that is between type 1 and type 2 and is inherited recessively.
  • Herbal Agent overdose -- Autumn Crocus: Autumn crocus can be used as a herbal agent to treat gout and rheumatoid conditions. The herbal agent contains chemicals such as colchicine and the ingestion of excessive amounts of this can result in symptoms. Severe overdose can result in death and chronic ingestion can also cause harmful effects.
  • Hidrotic ectodermal dysplasia, type Christianson-Fourie: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by hair and nail abnormalities.
  • Hirsutism: A condition which is characterized by excessive body and facial hair
  • Hirsutism in Cushing's disease: Hirsutism in Cushing's disease refers to an excessive growth of dark hair in unusual places on a female's body, such as on the face, that is caused by Cushing's disease, an endocrine disease.
  • Hirsutism in children: Hirsutism in children refers to a girl who has an excessive growth of dark hair in unusual places on a female's body, such as on the face.
  • Hirsutism in polycystic ovarian disease: Hirsutism in polycystic ovarian disease is a condition in which there is an excessive growth of dark hair in unusual places on a female's body, such as on the face, that is caused by polycystic ovarian disease.
  • Homocystinuria: A rare inherited metabolic disorder involving the amino acid methionine and resulting in a harmful accumulation of homocysteine in the body.
  • Homocystinuria due to defect in methylation cbl e: An inherited organic acid disorder where an enzyme deficiency (methionine synthase reductase) impairs the body's ability to break down certain proteins consumed in the diet. This results in a buildup of methylmalonic acid and homocystine which results in harmful affects. It is a form of vitamin B12 deficiency.
  • Homocystinuria syndrome: A rare genetic connective tissue disorder caused by an enzyme deficiency and characterized by dislocation of eye lens, malar flush and osteoporosis.
  • Homologous wasting disease: A term used to describe the disease state resulting from a graft versus host reaction. Graft versus host reaction occurs when the immune system of a transplant patient attacks the transplanted tissue but in homologous wasting disease the immune cells in the transplanted tissue actually attacks the host tissues. The condition occurs most often after a bone marrow transplant.
  • Hooft disease: A rare disorder characterized by mental and physical retardation, red rash and low blood lipid level.
  • Hunter-Carpenter-Macdonald syndrome: A very rare syndrome characterized by various abnormalities including small head, facial anomalies, mental retardation and hair, skin and nail anomalies. Fetal exposure to alcohol is believed to be a factor in the syndrome.
  • Hurler syndrome:
  • Hyperadrenalism: Excessive levels of adrenal hormones in the body. Symptoms depend on which hormone is involved and the degree of involvement. Adrenal hormones are aldosterone, corticosteroids, androgenic steroids, epinephrine and norepinephrine.
  • Hyperandrogenism: Excessive levels of androgen (male sex hormones) that can occur in males and females.
  • Hyperostosis frontalis interna: A disorder where the front bone of the skull becomes thicker than normal.
  • Hyperthyroidism: The excessive activity of the thyroid gland
  • Hypertrichosis: Hypertrichosis is an overgrowth of hair not localized to the androgen-dependent areas of the skin
  • Hypertrichosis brachydactyly obesity and mental retardation: A very rare disorder characterized mainly by excessive hair growth, short digits, obesity and mental retardation
  • Hypertrichosis lanuginosa, acquired: Excessive hair growth associated with certain cancers such as lymphoma or cancers involving the digestive system, bronchi, uterus, ovary or urinary tract. Metabolic disorders, certain drugs or anorexia nervosa may also cause the excessive hair growth. The excessive hair growth can occur on the face, neck, limbs and trunk. The hair growth may be patchy or cover most of the body and the hair is usually fine and pale.
  • Hypertrichosis, congenital generalized: A very rare congenital disorder characterized by excessive growth of hair. Males tend to be more affected than females.
  • Hypertrichosis, hyperkeratosis, mental retardation, and distinctive facial features: A very rare disorder characterized by thickened skin, mental retardation, increased body hair and a characteristic face.
  • Hypertrichotic osteochondrodysplasia: A rare syndrome characterized by mental retardation, short stature, large skull, heart anomaly and various other abnormalities.
  • Hypervitaminoses A and D: The excessive physiological effect of vitamin A or D cause by excessive intake of the vitamins
  • Hypocalcaemia: Decreased concentration of calcium in the blood.
  • Hypogonadism -- mitral valve prolapse -- mental retardation: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by a heart disorder, hypogonadism and mental retardation.
  • Hypogonadism, isolated, hypogonadotropic: A rare condition involving a deficiency of sex hormones (leutinizing and follicle-stimulating hormone) which results in partial or complete failure of puberty.
  • Hypogonadotropic hypogonadism -- syndactyly: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by webbed toes and reduced gonad function.
  • Hypogonadotropic hypogonadism alopecia: A very rare syndrome characterized by partial alopecia and lack of secondary sex hormone production.
  • Hypogonadotropic hypogonadism without anosmia, X-linked: A rare X-linked disorder involving a deficiency of sex hormones (leutinizing and follicle-stimulating hormone). It is similar to Kallman syndrome but the sense of smell is preserved.
  • Hypohidrotic Ectodermal Dysplasia: An inherited disorder involving the developmental abnormalities during the fetal stage that can affect the skin, hair, nails, teeth and sweat glands. This form of ectodermal dysplasia is characterized by a reduced ability to sweat due to a lack of sweat glands or dysfunction of present sweat glands.
  • Hypomelanosis of Ito: A rare genetic neurocutaneous disorder characterized by unusual patterns of depigmented skin and associated disorders such as seizures, psychomotor retardation and eye abnormalities.
  • Hypoparathyroidism familial isolated: A rare familial condition involving low levels of parathyroid hormone which upsets the body's ability to regulate calcium and phosphate. The severity of symptoms is determined by the how low the parathyroid hormone level is.
  • Hypopigmentation/Deafness of Tietz: Tietz syndrome is a relatively rare condition characterized by deafness and albinism. It should not be confused with the similarly named Tietz's syndrome which involves inflammation of chest cartilage.
  • Hypopigmented lesions in children: Hypopigmented lesions in children refers are sores or ulcers that are colorless or have lost color in a child.
  • Hypopituitarism: A condition characterized by diminished hormonal section by the pituitary gland
  • Hypothyroidism: The decreased activity of the thyroid gland
  • Hypothyroidism -- cleft palate: A rare syndrome characterized mainly by the association of an abnormal opening in the roof of the mouth and reduced thyroid functioning.
  • Hypothyroidism -- dermoid cyst -- cleft palate: A rare syndrome characterized by primary hypothyroidism, dermoid cyst, cleft palate and other abnormalities.
  • Hypotrichosis -- ichthyosis, congenital: A rare, recessively inherited disorder characterized by dry, scaly skin and sparse hair.
  • Hypotrichosis -- lymphoedema -- telangiectasia: A rare syndrome characterized mainly by sparse hair, lymphedema and telangiectasia.
  • Hypotrichosis simplex: Abnormally sparse hair caused by a genetic anomaly.
  • IBIDS syndrome: A rare inherited skin disorder characterized by red, dry, scaly skin (I - ichthyosis), brittle hair (B), impaired physical and mental development (I), decreased fertility (D) and short stature (S). It is the same as PIBIDS syndrome but doesn't involve photosensitivity.
  • Ichthyosiform Erythroderma, Corneal Involvement and Deafness Syndrome: A rare genetic ectodermal disorder characterized by keratitis, skin lesions and sensorineural deafness. The deafness and skin redness are usually present at birth and the corneas of the eye are gradually destroyed by keratitis which can result in loss of vision.
  • Ichthyosiform erythroderma, corneal involvement, deafness: A very rare recessively inherited disorder characterized by deafness, eye problems and red scaly skin.
  • Ichthyosiform erythroderma, nonbullous congenital: A rare inherited skin disorder characterized by redness, scaling and ultimately thickening of the skin that occurs from birth. The severity of the condition is variable.
  • Ichthyosis -- alopecia -- eclabion -- ectropion -- mental retardation: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by scaly skin, hair loss, mental retardation and outwardly turned eyelids and lips.
  • Ichthyosis and male hypogonadism: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by scaly skin and insufficient hormone production by the male gonads.
  • Ichthyosis congenita, Harlequin fetus type: A very rare genetic skin disorder where a newborn is covered with large plates of thick skin that cracks and splits.
  • Ichthyosis congenita, harlequin type: A very rare genetic skin disorder where a newborn is covered with large plates of thick skin that cracks and splits.
  • Ichthyosis male hypogonadism: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by scaly skin and insufficient hormone production by the male gonads.
  • Ichthyosis with hypotrichosis, autosomal recessive: A rare, recessively inherited disorder characterized by dry, scaly skin and sparse hair.
  • Ichthyosis, Keratosis Follicularis Spinulosa Decalvans: A rare inherited skin disorder where the skin around hair follicles becomes stiffened and the resulting scarring causes hair loss.
  • Immunodeficiency with short limb dwarfism: A very rare condition where short-limbed dwarfism is associated with immunodeficiency.
  • Impossible syndrome: A very rare syndrome (only one reported case) characterized a range of severe malformations, premature birth and stillbirth.
  • Incontinentia Pigmenti: A rare genetic skin pigmentation disorder characterized by eye, teeth, bone, nail and hair malformations as well as central nervous abnormalities and mental deficiency.
  • Increased amount of course body hair: increased in the amount of body hair is known as hirsutism
  • Increased facial hair: Increased growth of hair on the face
  • Increased hair growth: Increased growth of hair
  • Insensitivity to pain with anhidrosis: A rare disorder primarily involving insensitivity to pain with a lack of sweating.
  • Insensitivity to pain with anhydrosis:
  • Insulin resistance, short fifth metacarpals: A rare syndrome characterized by short fifth fingers and fifth hand bones as well as insulin resistance.
  • Insulin-resistance syndrome, type A: A syndrome characterized by insulin resistance resulting in distinctive skin lesions called acanthosis nigricans. It is the least severe form of insulin resistance.
  • Intermediate cystinosis: Cystinosis is a condition where excess amino acid cystine builds up to harmful levels in the body. The intermediate form of cystinosis starts later than the nephropathic form but the symptoms are the same.
  • Iris coloboma, macrocephaly, agenesis of the corpus callosum, brachydactyly and mental retardation: A rare syndrome characterized mainly by a small head, brain anomaly, short digits, mental retardation and an eye defect.

Conditions listing medical symptoms: Hair symptoms:

The following list of conditions have 'Hair symptoms' or similar listed as a symptom in our database. This computer-generated list may be inaccurate or incomplete. Always seek prompt professional medical advice about the cause of any symptom.

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Conditions listing medical complications: Hair symptoms:

The following list of medical conditions have 'Hair symptoms' or similar listed as a medical complication in our database.

 

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