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Symptoms » Heart disease » Glossary
 

Glossary for Heart disease

Medical terms related to Heart disease or mentioned in this section include:

  • Acromegaly: An abnormal enlargement of the limbs due to increased secretion of growth hormone after the cessation of puberty
  • Alstrom disease: A rage genetic disorder involving a group of abnormalities affecting vision, hearing, kidney function and also characterized by obesity and diabetes mellitus.
  • Alström Syndrome: A progressive condition which is characterized by deafness, obesity and visual problems in childhood that may lead to diabetes and kidney failure in adulthood
  • Angina: Angina is a particular type of pain related to heart conditions
  • Arrhythmias: The occurrence of irregular heart beats
  • Atherosclerosis: A condition which is a form of arteriosclerosis where atheromas are caused by the aggregation of cholesterol and lipids
  • Atrial Septal Defect: An abnormal connection between the 2 atria, or upper chambers of the heart
  • Body symptoms: Symptoms affecting the entire body features.
  • Carbon disulfide-induced cardiovascular disease: Chronic exposure to certain chemicals can cause cardiovascular disease. For example, exposure to Carbon disulfide can lead to heart disease and carries a risk of premature death as a result. Chronic exposure to these sort of chemicals is most likely to occur in a work environment. Carbon disulfide is used mainly in viscose rayon manufacturing but is also used as a solvent and in other process. Exposure usually occurs through inhalation of vapours but skin absorption can also occur. Reported cases haf cardiovascular disease has occurred among workers exposed to carbon disulfide concentrations of 20-60 ppm.
  • Cardiovascular symptoms: Symptoms affecting the heart and related vascular systems.
  • Cataract and cardiomyopathy: A rare syndrome characterized by the association of congenital cataracts, heart muscle disease, lactic acidosis and skeletal muscle disease. The disorder involves the abnormal storage of lipids and glycogen in the skeletal and heart muscles. The cataracts progress rapidly and require surgery. The severity of the disorder ranges from stillbirth to survival into the fourth decade.
  • Chemical-induced cardiovascular disease: Chronic exposure to certain chemicals can cause cardiovascular disease. For example, exposure to Carbon disulfide can lead to heart disease and carries a risk of premature death as a result. Chronic exposure to these sort of chemicals is most likely to occur in a work environment.
  • Chest pain: Any chest pain must be considered as cardiac in origin until proven otherwise.
  • Chest tightness: The sensation of tightness located in the chest
  • Cholesterol and lipids: Levels of blood or urine cholesterol or lipids as a symptom
  • Cholesterol metabolism conditions: Disorders affecting the metabolism of cholesterol or lipids.
  • Cleft palate -- heart disease -- polydactyly -- absent tibia: A rare syndrome characterized by a cleft palate, heart disease, extra digits and an absent shin bone.
  • Colobomatous microphthalmia -- heart disease -- hearing loss: A very rare syndrome characterized by small eyes, heart disease and hearing loss.
  • Congenital heart disease -- radio ulnar synostosis -- mental retardation: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by heart disease at birth, fusion of forearm bones and mental retardation.
  • Conn's adenoma: An uncommon (but possible highly underdiagnosed) condition characterized by the excessive production of a hormone called aldosterone by the adrenal gland. The condition may result from the presence of an adrenal adenoma. The severity of the condition is variable with some patients simply suffering high blood pressure and no other symptoms. Due to the high degree of variation in presenting symptoms, the condition may be frequently underdiagnosed or misdiagnosed.
  • Conn's syndrome: An adrenal gland disorder where excess aldosterone hormone is produced resulting in symptoms such as headache, fatigue, nocturia and increased urine production. Also called primary hyperaldosteronism.
  • Conn-Louis Carcinoma: An uncommon (but possible highly underdiagnosed) condition characterized by the excessive production of a hormone called aldosterone by the adrenal gland. The condition results from the presence of an adrenal carcinoma. The severity of the condition is variable with some patients simply suffering high blood pressure and no other symptoms. Due to the high degree of variation in presenting symptoms, the condition may be frequently underdiagnosed or misdiagnosed.
  • Coronary artery disease, autosomal dominant 1: An increased risk of coronary artery disease is associate with a dominantly inherited defect on the MEF2A gene on chromosome 15q26.
  • Coronary artery disease, autosomal dominant 2: An increased risk of coronary artery disease is associate with a dominantly inherited defect on the LPR6 gene on chromosome 12p113.3-p11.2.
  • Coronary heart disease, susceptibility to, 1: An increased risk of coronary heart disease is linked to genetic defects in some cases. Type 1 is linked to a defect on chromosome 16pter-p13.
  • Coronary heart disease, susceptibility to, 2: An increased risk of coronary heart disease is linked to genetic defects in some cases. Type 2 is linked to a defect on chromosome 2q21.1-q22.
  • Coronary heart disease, susceptibility to, 3: An increased risk of coronary heart disease is linked to genetic defects in some cases. Type 3 is linked to a defect on chromosome Xq23-q26.
  • Coronary heart disease, susceptibility to, 4: An increased risk of coronary heart disease is linked to genetic defects in some cases. Type 4 is linked to a defect on chromosome 14q32.
  • Coronary heart disease, susceptibility to, 5: An increased risk of coronary heart disease is linked to genetic defects in some cases. Type 5 is linked to a defect on chromosome 3q13.
  • Coronary heart disease, susceptibility to, 6: An increased risk of coronary heart disease is linked to genetic defects in some cases. Type 6 is linked to a defect on chromosome 11q23.
  • Coronary heart disease, susceptibility to, 7: An increased risk of coronary heart disease is linked to genetic defects in some cases. Type 7 is linked to a defect on chromosome 7q11.2.
  • Coronary heart disease, susceptibility to, 8: An increased risk of coronary heart disease is linked to genetic defects in some cases. Type 8 is linked to a defect on chromosome 9p21.
  • Coronary heart disease, susceptibility to, 9: An increased risk of coronary heart disease is linked to genetic defects in some cases. Type 9 is linked to a defect on chromosome 8p22.
  • Defective apolipoprotein B-100: A rare inherited condition where defective apolipoprotein B-100 impairs the metabolism of cholesterol and results in high blood cholesterol which in turn increases the risk of cardiovascular disease.
  • Dermatomyositis: A muscle disease characterized by chronic muscle inflammation resulting in progressive muscle weakness and a characteristic rash.
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Noninsulin-Dependent, Susceptibility to, 1: Noninsulin-dependent diabetes (Type 2 diabetes) is a type of diabetes that doesn't respond to insulin but does tend to respond to dietary measures and diabetes medication. Researchers have discovered a number of genes which are linked to an increased risk of developing Type 2 diabetes. The genetic anomaly alone is not enough to cause the disease but simply increases the risk. Type 1 is linked to a defect on chromosome 2q37.3.
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Noninsulin-Dependent, Susceptibility to, 2: Noninsulin-dependent diabetes (Type 2 diabetes) is a type of diabetes that doesn't respond to insulin but does tend to respond to dietary measures and diabetes medication. Researchers have discovered a number of genes which are linked to an increased risk of developing Type 2 diabetes. The genetic anomaly alone is not enough to cause the disease but simply increases the risk. Type 2 is linked to a defect on chromosome 12q24.2.
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Noninsulin-Dependent, Susceptibility to, 3: Noninsulin-dependent diabetes (Type 2 diabetes) is a type of diabetes that doesn't respond to insulin but does tend to respond to dietary measures and diabetes medication. Researchers have discovered a number of genes which are linked to an increased risk of developing Type 2 diabetes. The genetic anomaly alone is not enough to cause the disease but simply increases the risk. Type 3 is linked to a defect on chromosome 20q12-q13.1.
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Noninsulin-Dependent, Susceptibility to, 4: Noninsulin-dependent diabetes (Type 2 diabetes) is a type of diabetes that doesn't respond to insulin but does tend to respond to dietary measures and diabetes medication. Researchers have discovered a number of genes which are linked to an increased risk of developing Type 2 diabetes. The genetic anomaly alone is not enough to cause the disease but simply increases the risk. Type 4 is linked to a defect on chromosome 5q34-q35.2.
  • Diabetes-like symptoms: Symptoms similar to those of diabetes
  • Diffuse systemic sclerosi: A rare condition that characterized by skin tightness affecting the trunk and extremities as well as organ involvement. It involves an early period of internal inflammation which distinguishes it from other forms of scleroderma and the organ involvement can be severe and even life-threatening.
  • Diseases associated with senile cataract: It is a vision impairing disease characterised by gradual , progressive thickening of the lens.
  • Ectrodactyly -- cardiopathy -- dysmorphism: A rare syndrome characterized mainly by split hand, heart disease and an abnormal appearance.
  • Eye defects -- arachnodactyly -- cardiopathy: A rare syndrome characterized mainly by eye defects, long, thin fingers and heart disease.
  • Fabry disease: Genetic fat storage disorder
  • Familial Apolipoprotein A-I and C-III Deficiency: Familial Apolipoprotein A-I and C-III Deficiency is a lipid metabolism disorder characterized by low HDL cholesterol and a lack of apolipoproteins A-I and C-III in the blood.
  • Familial Apolipoprotein A-I, C-III, A-IV Deficiency: Familial Apolipoprotein A-I, C-III and A-IV Deficiency is a lipid metabolism disorder characterized by low HDL cholesterol and a lack of apolipoproteins A-I and C-III in the blood.
  • Familial Dysbetalipoproteinemia: An hereditary condition characterized by the accumulation of abnormal B-lipoproteins in the blood
  • Fetal indomethacin syndrome: Fetal exposure to indomethacin which is a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug. The drug can pass through the placenta from the mother to the baby and cause various problems depending on what stage of development the fetus is at.
  • Friedreich's ataxia: Progressive muscle weakness from nerve damage.
  • Genital anomaly -- cardiomyopathy: A rare syndrome characterized by the association of heart disease with genital abnormalities.
  • Gum symptoms: Dental symptoms affecting the gums
  • HEC syndrome: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by excess fluid inside the skull, cataracts and thickening of the heart.
  • Head symptoms: Symptoms affecting the head or brain
  • Heart attack: An acute myocardial infarction
  • Heart conditions: Any condition that affects the heart
  • Heart disease: Any disease that affects that heart but particularly relating to its own blood supply
  • Heart symptoms: Symptoms affecting the heart
  • Hemochromatosis: Excess of iron leading to problems with joints, liver, heart and pancreas.
  • Hereditary hypothyroidism: Hereditary hypothyroidism is a condition in which there is a defect in the thyroid gland which leads to increased production of TSH reduced production of thyroid hormone.
  • Heterozygous Familial Hypercholesterolemia: Heterozygous Familial Hypercholesterolemia is an inherited condition involving abnormal lipid metabolism. Cholesterol levels tend to be with coronary artery disease usually developing before the age of 50. The heterozygous form of the condition is not as severe as the homozygous form of the disease.
  • High Blood Pressure/Hypertension:
  • High blood pressure: Excessive blood pressure.
  • His bundle tachycardia: A rare severe type of abnormal heart rhythm that occurs in infants less than 6 months old. Untreated, the condition can lead to heart disease and even death.
  • Homozygous Familial Hypercholesterolemia: Homozygous Familial Hypercholesterolemia is a severe inherited condition involving abnormal lipid metabolism. Cholesterol levels tend to be very high with problems occurring early in life. Death from a heart attack can occur within the first few years of life in severe cases.
  • Hypercholesterolemia due to LDL receptor deficiency: A disorder involving a defect in the protein (LDL receptor) that allows cholesterol to be transported to where it can be used means that it builds up in the blood and blood vessels where it can cause problems.
  • Hypercholesterolemia due to arg3500 mutation of Apo B-100: A rare disorder where a defect in the protein that transports cholesterol (apolipoprotein B-100) means that it builds up in the blood and blood vessels where it can cause problems.
  • Hypercholesterolemia, autosomal dominant: A dominantly inherited disorder of cholesterol metabolism which causes premature coronary artery disease.
  • Hyperlipoproteinemia: Hyperlipoproteinemia is a medical term for high levels of lipids in the blood which in turn causes high cholesterol levels. Lipoproteins are responsible for transporting cholesterol in the bloodstream and high levels of them in the bloodstream means that there are high levels of cholesterol in the bloodstream.
  • Hypersecretion of growth hormone: increased production of growth hormone from the pituitary gland
  • Infantile spasms -- broad thumbs: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by spasms during infancy and broad thumbs.
  • Kawasaki disease: A childhood illness that generally affects the skin, mouth and lymph nodes.
  • Kearns-Sayre Syndrome: A rare neuromuscular disorder characterized by pigmented deposits on the retina, heart disease and progressive paralysis of some eye muscles.
  • Limb-girdle muscular dystrophy type 1E: An autosomal dominant form of limb-girdle muscular dystrophy where muscle weakness and atrophy is caused by mutations of chromosome 7. The heart is also affected in this condition.
  • Malouf syndrome: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by heart disease as well as abnormal ovaries.
  • Medication related hypothyroidism: Drug-induced hypothyroidism is an underactive thyroid gland due to a reaction from medication.
  • Menopause: End of female reproductive years
  • Metabolic disorder: occurs when abnormal chemical reactions occur in the body
  • Mucopolysaccharidoses: A lysosomal storage disorder that is caused by a deficiency of the ability to metabolise glycosaminoglycans
  • Mucopolysaccharidosis type 2 Hunter syndrome- mild form: A rare inherited biochemical disorder characterized by the accumulation of mucopolysaccharides (glycosaminoglycans) in various body tissues due to insufficient amounts of the enzyme (iduronidate 2-sulfatase) needed to break it down.
  • Mucopolysaccharidosis type I Hurler-Scheie syndrome: A rare inherited biochemical disorder characterized by the accumulation of mucopolysaccharides (glycosaminoglycans) in various body tissues due to insufficient amounts of the enzyme (?-L-diuronidase) needed to break it down.
  • Muscle symptoms: Symptoms affecting the muscles of the body
  • Myocardial infarction: blood supply to part of the heart is interrupted
  • Myocardial ischemia: Myocardial ischemia refers to a reduced blood flow and oxygen supply to the heart muscle.
  • Naxos disease: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by heart disease and woolly hair.
  • Nerve symptoms: Symptoms affecting the nerves
  • Nicotine addiction: Nicotine addiction is the uncontrollable desire to continue smoking. Smoking products contain nicotine which is a chemical that can lead to addiction if used over a period of time. Cessation causes withdrawal symptoms which can vary in nature and severity.
  • Niemann-Pick disease: A rare inherited biochemical disorder involving the deficiency of an enzyme (acid sphingomyelinase) needed to break down certain lipids which results in an accumulation of these lipids in the body.
  • Noonan-like syndrome: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by heart problems, facial anomalies and a sunken chest.
  • Paget's disease of bone: A chronic, slowly progressing bone disorder where the bone is destroyed rapidly and replaced by abnormal bone which is dense and fragile.
  • Penoscrotal transposition: A very rare malformation where the penis and scrotum completely or partially swap positions. Other abnormalities are also usually associated.
  • Periodontitis: Dental infection of the gums and/or related bones.
  • Phenobarbital antenatal infection: Fetal exposure to a drug called Phenobarbital which can be used as an anticonvulsant, sedative or hypnotic drug. The range of symptoms depends on the dosage and duration of the drug taking during pregnancy.
  • Physical inactivity: When an individual is physically inactive
  • Primary hypothyroidism: Primary hypothyroidism is a condition in which a defect in the thyroid gland leads to reduced production of thyroid hormone.
  • Primary lipodystrophies: A group of rare diseases which involve loss of body fat. The body fat loss may be localized to certain parts of the body or may be generalized depending on the particular subtype.
  • Progeria: A rare fatal genetic disorder characterized by extremely premature aging.
  • Respiratory symptoms: Symptoms affecting the breathing systems.
  • Sideroblastic anaemia (generic term): A rare blood disorder where the bone marrow produces abnormal red blood cells. The anomaly may be caused by a genetic anomaly or may occur secondary to such things as blood cancer or use of certain drugs.
  • Smoking: The smoking of cigarettes
  • Sneddon Syndrome: A rare progressive inherited disorder involving the blood vessel disease and neurological symptoms.
  • Syphilis: A sexually transmitted disease caused by a bacteria (Treponema pallidum). The condition is often asymptomatic in the early stages but one or more sores may be present in the early stages. Untreated syphilis usually results in remission of visible symptoms but further severe damage may occur to internal organs and other body tissues which can result in death.
  • Systemic lupus erythematosus: chronic autoimmune disease that can be fatal, though with recent medical advances, fatalities are becoming increasingly rare.
  • Thinness: Underweight and thin
  • Triose phosphate-isomerase deficiency: A very rare inherited condition involving a deficiency of triose phosphate-isomerase.
  • Trisomy 10 mosaicism: A very rare chromosomal disorder where there is an extra copy of chromosome 10 in some of the body's cells. Some cases with this chromosomal abnormality have no clinical symptoms. The presence of abnormalities in some cases is dependent on which body cells contain the chromosomal defect.
  • Tsao-Ellingson syndrome: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by spasms during infancy and broad thumbs.
  • Type I Hyperlipoproteinemia: Type I Hyperlipoproteinemia is a rare inherited condition characterized by high levels of chylomicrons (a type of lipoprotein) in the blood. This condition is the result of low levels of lipoprotein lipase which is responsible for lowering lipoprotein levels. Cholesterol levels are usually normal and the risk of heart disease is low.
  • Type II Hyperlipoproteinemia: Type II Hyperlipoproteinemia is a condition characterized by high levels of beta-lipoproteins in the blood. The high cholesterol results from abnormally high levels of low density lipoproteins in the blood due to a deficiency of LDL receptors. There are two subtypes of this condition: type IIa and type IIb. Lipoproteins are responsible for transporting cholesterol in the bloodstream and high levels of them in the bloodstream means that there are high levels of cholesterol in the bloodstream.
  • Type III Hyperlipoproteinemia: Type III hyperlipoproteinemia is a rare genetic condition characterized by increased blood levels of intermediate density lipoproteins (IDL) which in turn causes high cholesterol levels. The high IDL levels are caused by an abnormality in apolipoprotein E. Apolipoprotein E is a protein found on IDLs which allows the IDLs to bind to liver cells. Without this binding process, the level of IDLs in the blood increase. Lipoproteins are responsible for transporting cholesterol in the bloodstream and high levels of them in the bloodstream means that there are high levels of cholesterol in the bloodstream.
  • Type IIa Hyperlipoproteinemia: Familial Hyperlipoproteinemia is a rare genetic condition characterized by high levels of low density lipoproteins in the blood. A deficiency of LDL receptors leads to an increased level of low density lipoproteins (LDLs) which in turn causes high cholesterol levels. Lipoproteins are responsible for transporting cholesterol in the bloodstream and high levels of them in the bloodstream means that there are high levels of cholesterol in the bloodstream.
  • Type IIb Hyperlipoproteinemia: Type IIb Hyperlipoproteinemia is a condition characterized by increased blood levels of low density lipoproteins (LDL) and apoprotein B (ApoB). This in turn causes high cholesterol levels. Lipoproteins are responsible for transporting cholesterol in the bloodstream and high levels of them in the bloodstream means that there are high levels of cholesterol in the bloodstream.
  • Type IV Glycogen Storage Disease: A condition which is characterized by a disease affecting glycogen storage
  • Type IV Hyperlipoproteinemia: Type IV Hyperlipoproteinemia is an inherited condition characterized by high levels of very low density lipoproteins (VLDL) in the blood which in turn causes high cholesterol levels. Lipoproteins are responsible for transporting cholesterol in the bloodstream and high levels of them in the bloodstream means that there are high levels of cholesterol in the bloodstream. The high VLDL levels are a result of increased production and reduced elimination of the VLDLs. Environmental factors are the driving force behind this condition.
  • Type Ia Hyperlipoproteinemia: Type Ia Hyperlipoproteinemia is a rare inherited condition characterized by high levels of chylomicrons (a type of lipoprotein) in the blood. This condition is the result of low levels of lipoprotein lipase which is responsible for lowering lipoprotein levels. Cholesterol levels are usually normal and the risk of heart disease is low.
  • Type Ib Hyperlipoproteinemia: Type Ib Hyperlipoproteinemia is a rare inherited condition characterized by high levels of chylomicrons (a type of lipoprotein) in the blood. This condition is the result of low levels of apolipoprotein C-II which is responsible for lowering lipoprotein levels. Cholesterol levels are usually normal and the risk of heart disease is low.
  • Type Ic Hyperlipoproteinemia: Type Ic Hyperlipoproteinemia is a rare inherited condition characterized by high levels of chylomicrons (a type of lipoprotein) in the blood. This condition is the result of inhibited lipoprotein lipase activity. Lipoprotein lipase is responsible for lowering lipoprotein levels. Cholesterol levels are usually normal and the risk of heart disease is low.
  • Type V Hyperlipoproteinemia: Type V Hyperlipoproteinemia is a rare condition characterized by increased synthesis of very low density lipoproteins (VLDL) and reduced levels of lipoprotein lipase (an enzyme). Lipoproteins are responsible for transporting cholesterol in the bloodstream and high levels of them in the bloodstream means that there are high levels of cholesterol in the bloodstream.
  • Ventricular septal defect: An abnormal connection between the 2 lower chambers (ventricles) of the heart.
  • X-linked sideroblastic anaemia:
  • X-linked sideroblastic anemia: X-linked sideroblastic anemia is a rare inherited blood disorder characterized by abnormal deposits of iron in the red blood cells which makes them unable to function properly. The body continues to absorb more iron from digesting food in order to try and correct the problem but this simply leads to excessive iron being deposited in body tissues as the it can't use the iron properly. The severity of the condition is variable.

Conditions listing medical symptoms: Heart disease:

The following list of conditions have 'Heart disease' or similar listed as a symptom in our database. This computer-generated list may be inaccurate or incomplete. Always seek prompt professional medical advice about the cause of any symptom.

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Conditions listing medical complications: Heart disease:

The following list of medical conditions have 'Heart disease' or similar listed as a medical complication in our database.

 

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