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Diagnostic Tests for Heart disease

Diagnostic Test list for Heart disease:

The list of diagnostic tests mentioned in various sources as used in the diagnosis of Heart disease includes:

Home Diagnostic Testing

These home medical tests may be relevant to Heart disease causes:

Tests and diagnosis discussion for Heart disease:

Which medical tests will help me keep track of any heart or blood vessel problems?

  • Have your blood pressure checked every time you see your doctor. Ask your doctor what your blood pressure is and what it should be.

  • Your doctor may order an exercise stress test to see if you have any problems. The doctor will see how your heart performs during exercise.

  • Have your blood fats checked once each year. This checkup includes four tests:

    • Blood cholesterol. Your number should be 200 or lower. 
    • LDL (bad cholesterol). Your number should be 100 or lower. 
    • HDL (good cholesterol). Your number should be 45 or higher. 
    • Triglycerides (try-GLISS-er-ides) (the form in which energy is stored in your fat cells). Your number should be 200 or lower.

If your numbers are not normal, ask your doctor if you should take medicine to make them normal. (Source: excerpt from Keep your heart and blood vessels healthy: NIDDK)


BLOOD PRESSURE CATEGORIES IN WOMEN
(18 YEARS AND OLDER)*

Blood pressure is shown as two numbers--the systolic pressure as the heart is beating and the diastolic pressure between heartbeats. Both numbers are important.

Blood Pressure Level in mmHg

Category

Systolic

 

Diastolic

Optimal**

<120

and

<80

Normal

<130

and

<85

High-normal

130-139

or

85-89

Hypertension      

Stage 1

140-159

or

90-99

Stage 2

160-179

or

100-109

Stage 3

>=180

or

>=110

(Source: excerpt from NHLBI Heart Disease & Women Are You At Risk: NHLBI)

There is no one simple test--some or all of the following procedures may be needed. These diagnostic procedures are used to establish CHD, to determine its extent and severity, and to rule out other possible causes of the symptoms.

After taking a careful medical history and doing a physical examination, the doctor may use some tests to see how advanced the CHD is. The only certain way to diagnose and assess the extent of CHD is coronary angiography (see below); other tests can indicate a problem but do not show exactly where it is.

An examination for CHD may include the following tests:

  • An electrocardiogram (ECG or EKG) is a graphic record of the electrical activity of the heart as it contracts and rests. Abnormal heartbeats and some areas of damage, inadequate blood flow, and heart enlargement can be detected on the records.
  • A stress test (also called a treadmill test or exercise ECG) is used to record the heartbeat during exercise. This is done because some heart problems only show up when the heart is working hard. In the test, an ECG is done before, during, and after exercising on a treadmill; breathing rate and blood pressure may be measured as well. Exercise tests are useful but are not completely reliable; false positives (showing a problem where none exists) and false negatives (showing no problem when something is wrong) are fairly common.
  • Nuclear scanning is sometimes used to show damaged areas of the heart and expose problems with the heart's pumping action. A small amount of radioactive material is injected into a vein, usually in the arm. A scanning camera records the nuclear material that is taken up by heart muscle (healthy areas) or not taken up (damaged areas).
  • Coronary angiography (or arteriography) is a test used to explore the coronary arteries. A fine tube (catheter) is put into an artery of an arm or leg and passed through the tube into the arteries of the heart. The heart and blood vessels are then filmed while the heart pumps. The picture that is seen, called an angiogram or arteriogram, will show problems such as a blockage caused by atherosclerosis.
(Source: excerpt from NHLBI, coronary heart disease: NHLBI)

Conditions listing medical symptoms: Heart disease:

The following list of conditions have 'Heart disease' or similar listed as a symptom in our database. This computer-generated list may be inaccurate or incomplete. Always seek prompt professional medical advice about the cause of any symptom.

Select from the following alphabetical view of conditions which include a symptom of Heart disease or choose View All.

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Conditions listing medical complications: Heart disease:

The following list of medical conditions have 'Heart disease' or similar listed as a medical complication in our database.

 

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