- Heart disease:
Have a symptom?
See what questions
a doctor would ask.
See what questions
a doctor would ask.
Treatment of heart disease begins with prevention. Many forms of heart disease can be prevented or controlled effectively with prevention measures that include regular exercise, not smoking or drinking excessively, achieving and maintaining a healthy weight, and eating a heart-healthy well-balanced diet. Risk factors, such as high cholesterol, diabetes, and hypertension can be prevented or controlled through these lifestyle changes, regular medical care and/or medication.
The risk of developing some forms of congenital heart defects can be minimized by regular prenatal care.
The most effective heart disease treatment plan includes a multifaceted approach that addresses the specific form of heart disease. This includes regular medical monitoring and testing, lifestyle and dietary changes, and may include medications and surgery. Prognosis and outcomes of heart disease vary greatly depending o the type of heart disease, how quickly it was diagnosed and treated, coexisting diseases, lifestyle and other factors.
Treatment of advanced or critical types of heart disease, such as heart attack, heart Failure or serious abnormal heart rhythms, requires hospitalization. Treatment includes the administration of supplemental oxygen aimed at increasing the amount of oxygen that is delivered to the heart tissue. Treatment also involves intensive monitoring and stabilization of vital signs, which may require CPR, advanced life support measures and/or intravenous medications. Breathing may need to be supported by mechanical ventilation. Heart rhythm and cardiac enzymes are also monitored. Abnormal heart rhythms may need treatment with medications and possibly electrical defibrillation.
In a heart attack, medications, such as nitroglycerin, may be used to improved blood flow to the heart. Pain medications, such as morphine, may be used to reduce pain and anxiety and lower the amount of oxygen the heart needs. Drugs that stop the formation of clots, such as aspirin or heparin, may be used. Other drugs may include clot-dissolving drugs that can break up the clot in the coronary artery that is causing a heart attack.
Many people with a heart attack undergo a surgical procedure called an angioplasty. In this procedure, the blood clot is removed from the artery and the artery is widened using a balloon device and a stent is placed in the artery to keep it open.
Less commonly, a more invasive and riskier procedure called a coronary artery bypass is performed. In this surgery new graft arteries are placed to bypass the blocked coronary artery or arteries. Blood flow is then redirected through healthy new graft arteries to the affected heart tissues.
The following treatments are listed for Heart disease in our knowledge base:
Alternative treatments, home remedies, other other complementary therapies that have been listed as possibly helpful for Heart disease in various sources may include:
Some of the drugs and medications used in the treatment of Heart disease may include:
The following medications/drugs/procedures are some of the latest treatments for Heart disease:
Review the treatment information pages for various causes of Heart disease:
More causes: not all possible causes for Heart disease are listed above; for a full list refer to causes of Heart disease.
Only your doctor can advise whether any of these treatments are appropriate for your specific medical situation. Always discuss all treatment options with your doctor before making a decision, including whether to start or discontinue any treatment plan.
The following list of conditions have 'Heart disease' or similar listed as a symptom in our database. This computer-generated list may be inaccurate or incomplete. Always seek prompt professional medical advice about the cause of any symptom.
Select from the following alphabetical view of conditions which include a symptom of Heart disease or choose View All.
The following list of medical conditions have 'Heart disease'
or similar listed as a medical complication in our database.
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