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Glossary for Heart failure in children

Medical terms related to Heart failure in children or mentioned in this section include:

  • Aortic coarctation: A rare inherited birth defect where the heart blood vessel called the aorta has a narrowed area which affects blood flow. The degree of constriction is variable which mild cases asymptomatic until adulthood. The poor blood flow to the lower body gives results in it appearing less developed than that upper body.
  • Arrhythmias: The occurrence of irregular heart beats
  • Arteriovenous Malformation: Birth defect of a tangle of veins and arteries.
  • Atherosclerosis: A condition which is a form of arteriosclerosis where atheromas are caused by the aggregation of cholesterol and lipids
  • Atrial Septal Defect: An abnormal connection between the 2 atria, or upper chambers of the heart
  • Atrial flutter: Heart arrhythmia where atria beat more often than ventricles
  • Atrioventricular septal defect: A congenital heart defect where the valves and walls between the upper and lower heart chambers (atrial and ventricular septa and the atrioventricular valves) don't develop properly. Symptoms are determined by the severity of the malformation.
  • Cardiomyopathy: A condition characterized by an increase in the size of the heart
  • Cardiovascular symptoms: Symptoms affecting the heart and related vascular systems.
  • Chest pain: Any chest pain must be considered as cardiac in origin until proven otherwise.
  • Child health symptoms: Symptoms related to pediatric (child) health.
  • Congenital heart disease: Diseases of the heart that one is born with
  • Double outlet right ventricle: A very rare birth defect where the aorta and the pulmonary artery both exit from the right ventricle and thus blood is unable to be pumped to the lungs. However, a hole connects the two ventricles and ultimately allows some blood flow to the lungs. The severity of symptoms varies depending on the location of the connecting hole in the heart and the exact location of the two arteries with respect to the heart.
  • Ebstein's anomaly: A heart defect where the tricuspid valve is malformed
  • Endocardial fibroelastosis: A rare heart disorder characterized by a thickening of the heart muscle lining causing heart enlargement and heart failure.
  • Friedreich's ataxia: Progressive muscle weakness from nerve damage.
  • Glycogen storage diseases: A condition which is characterized by a defect in the ability of the body to store glycogen
  • Heart block: is a disease in the electrical system of the heart
  • Heart conditions: Any condition that affects the heart
  • Heart disease: Any disease that affects that heart but particularly relating to its own blood supply
  • Heart failure: A condition which is characterized by an inability of the heart to pump blood efficiently and effectively
  • Heart symptoms: Symptoms affecting the heart
  • High blood pressure: Excessive blood pressure.
  • Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy: Heart damage from thickened heart walls.
  • Lung symptoms: Symptoms affecting one or both lungs.
  • Lyme disease: Lyme disease is an emerging infectious disease caused by at least three species of bacteria belonging to the genus Borrelia.
  • Marfan syndrome: A genetic connective tissue disorder involving a defect of chromosome 15q21.1 which affects the production of the fibrillin needed to make connective tissue.
  • Metabolic acidosis: metabolic acidosis is a process which if unchecked leads to acidemia (i.e. blood pH is low (less than 7.35) due to increased production of H+ by the body or the inability of the body to form bicarbonate (HCO3-) in the kidney
  • Mitral regurgitation: A condition which is characterized by a regurgitation of blood from the left ventricle into the atrium due to a problem with the mitral valve
  • Muscular Dystrophy: Any of various muscle wasting diseases
  • Myocardial infarction: blood supply to part of the heart is interrupted
  • Noonan Syndrome: A rare genetic disorder characterized by a webbed neck, chest deformity, undescended testes and pulmonic stenosis.
  • Patent ductus arteriosus: patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) is a congenital heart defect wherein a child's ductus arteriosus fails to close after birth
  • Pulmonary incompetence: A condition characterised by incompetence of the pulmonary valve of the heart
  • Respiratory symptoms: Symptoms affecting the breathing systems.
  • Substance abuse: Abuse of illicit substances
  • Supraventricular Tachycardia: A rapid heart rate, the cause of which originates above the ventricles.
  • Truncus Arteriosus: A rare congenital heart vessel abnormality where the heart has only one artery coming out of it which forms the aorta and pulmonary artery and delivers blood to the body and the lungs. Normally the blood flow to the body and the lungs is carried out through separate blood vessels.
  • Ventricular septal defect: An abnormal connection between the 2 lower chambers (ventricles) of the heart.
  • Viral myocarditis:

Conditions listing medical symptoms: Heart failure in children:

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