Glossary for Hematochezia
Medical terms related to Hematochezia or mentioned in this section include:
- Abdominal symptoms: Symptoms affecting the abdomen or digestive tract
- Anal Cancer: A cancerous malignancy that is located anatomically in the anus
- Anal cancer: A cancerous malignancy that is located anatomically in the anus
- Anal fissure: A painful ulcer linear to the margin of the anus
- Ancylostoma duodenale: An infestation with Ancylostoma duodenale which is a parasitic hookwork whichcan cause serious disease in humans - usually occurs in people who work barefoot in damp soil. The hookworms suck blood from the intestines of the host which can result in anemia if there is a large number of worms.
- Angiodysplasia: Abnormality of small blood vessels - especially in the intestinal tract - which can result in bleeding. The size of the lesion involved determines the severity of the condition. Small amounts of bleeding from one lesion often goes unnoticed but multiple large lesions may cause heavy bleeding and result in black tarry stool and anemia.
- Angiostrongyliasis: Infection by a parasitic worm (Angiostrongylus). Infection can occur through eating contaminated raw animals such as snails, slugs, prawns or crabs which act as hosts to these parasites.
- Anthrax: A serious infectious bacterial disease that can be fatal.
- Balantidiasis: Intestinal infection with a parasitic protozoa (Balantidium coli) resulting in intestinal inflammation. It is usually transmitted through direct or indirect contact with pig fecal matter.
- Bleeding disorders: Any disorder leading to bleeding or bruising.
- Bleeding symptoms: Any type of bleeding symptoms.
- Bloody stool: Blood appearing in the stool.
- Blue rubber bleb nevus: A very rare congenital vascular disorder characterized by multiple hemangiomas on the skin and internal organs.
- Bowel ischemia: A condition which is characterized by an acute vascular insufficiency of the colon
- Bowel movements: Changes in type or frequency of bowel motions
- Bowel problems: Symptoms affecting the bowel
- Bowel strangulation: Twisting of the bowel often around fibrous bands, causing decreased blood supply and death of bowel tissue.
- Brown snake poisoning: The Brown snake is a poisonous Australian snake. They are considered one of the most venomous snakes in the world and their bite can result in death without prompt medical attention. The snake venom contains toxins which affect the blood and nerve systems. Children tend to suffer more severe symptoms due to their smaller body size.
- Carbamoyl-phosphate synthase 1 deficiency: A very rare inherited urea cycle disorder where the lack of the enzyme carbamoyl phosphate synthetase prevents ammonia from being turned into urea and being excreted in the urine. Excess ammonia builds up in the body which can cause serious complications or even death if left untreated.
- Chronic Kidney Disease: Long-term and generally irreversible disease of the kidneys due to infection, obstruction, congenital diseases or generalised diseases causing failure of the kidneys' normal functions.
- Coagulation disorders: Any disorder leading to bleeding or bruising.
- Colonic diverticulosis: Diverticulosis, otherwise known as "diverticular disease", is the condition of having diverticula in the colon which are outpocketings of the colonic mucosa and submucosa through weaknesses of muscle layers in the colon wall.
- Colorectal Polyps: Polyp growths in the colon or rectum.
- Colorectal cancer: Cancer of the colon (bowel) or rectum.
- Crohn's disease: Crohn's disease causes inflammation of the digestive system. It is one of a group of diseases called inflammatory bowel disease. The disease can affect any area from the mouth to the anus. It often affects the lower part of the small intestine called the ileum.
- Degos Disease: A rare disorder where lesions caused by blood vessel inflammation and blockage form on the skin and eventually in the internal organs, especially in the small intestine.
- Dicoumarol -- Teratogenic Agent: There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Dicoumarol during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
- Digestive symptoms: Any symptoms affecting the digestive tract.
- Diverticular Disease: Protrusions of the colon wall (diverticulosis) or their inflammation (diverticulitis)
- Diverticulitis: diverticulitis is inflammation of an abnormal pouch(diverticulum) in the intestinal wall. These pouches are usually found in the large intestine
- Ehlers danlos syndrome: An inherited disorder of the connective tissue causing it to become weak and fragile. Connective tissue is found in skin, muscles, tendons and ligaments and hence all of these may be affected by weakness
- Endometriosis: Misplaced uterus tissue causing scar tissue.
- Entamoeba histolytica: Parasitic digestive infection.
- Esophageal varices: Abnormally dilated blood vessels in the wall of the esophagus. The condition is asymptomatic unless the blood vessel bursts which can result in death.
- Esophagus Cancer: Cancer of the esophagus in the throat.
- Familial polyposis -- classical: An inherited condition where polyps develop in the lining of the gastrointestinal tract. The polyps are initially benign but may become malignant if untreated.
- Gardner syndrome: A rare inherited disorder involving polyps in the colon and tumors in various other parts of the body and other abnormalities such as extra teeth.
- Gastrointestinal bleeding: Bleeding in any part of the digestive tract
- Gradual onset of hematochezia: Gradual onset of hematochezia is a slow development of passing blood in the feces.
- Hemorrhoids: A condition characterized by the prolapse of an anal cushion that may result in bleeding and pain
- Indomethacin -- Teratogenic Agent: There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Indomethacin during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
- Inflammatory bowel disease: Inflammatory bowel disease refers to digestive symptoms resulting from chronic bowel inflammation. Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis are two of the main subtypes of the disease. Scientists have discovered an array of genetic mutations which can result in an increased susceptibility to inflammatory bowel disease. Not all people with the genetic anomaly will develop the condition but it can increase the risk especially if other environmental factors are also present. The severity of the disease that develops is variable.
- Injury: Any damage inflicted in the body
- Iron poisoning: Excessive ingestion of iron - often occurs when children ingest adult iron tablets.
- Kaposi's Sarcoma: Kaposi's sarcoma is a cancerous tumor of the connective tissue, and is often associated with AIDS.
- Leptospirosis: Bacterial infection usually caught from animal urine.
- Leukocytoclastic angiitis -- systemic: Inflammation of small blood vessels. Usually the small blood vessels in the skin are involved but sometimes small blood vessels in other organs such as joints, kidneys, and gastrointestinal tract may be involved. Symptoms become more serious once there is systemic (organ) involvement and death may result in some severe cases.
- Lower abdominal symptoms: Symptoms affecting the lower abdominal region.
- Mallory weiss syndrome: A laceration of the lining of the gastroesophageal junction or just above it - often caused by severe vomiting.
- Melena: Black, tarry stools with an offensive odour caused by an upper gastrointestinal bleed.
- Mercury -- Teratogenic Agent: There is strong evidence to indicate that exposure to Mercury during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
- Microscopic Polyangiitis: A condition which is characterized by inflammation of microscopic blood or lymph vessels
- Necrotising enterocolitis:
- Necrotizing enterocolitis: A rare disease that is tends to occur in premature infants and involves inflammation and destruction of gastrointestinal tissue. It usually occurs within weeks of birth - often after the start of milk feeding. The condition can be extremely serious and even fatal.
- Nerve symptoms: Symptoms affecting the nerves
- Neurofibromatosis Type 1 (NF-1): Neurofibromatosis Type 1 is a genetic disorder often leading to the development of nerve tumors. The condition is also characterized by skin pigmentation abnormalities.
- Pelvic fracture: A fracture in the bone of the pelvis
- Peptic Ulcer: Ulcer on the lining of the stomach or duodenum
- Peutz-Jeghers Syndrome: A hereditary disorder involving the presence of numerous polyps in the lining of the small intestine and pigmentation around the lips, inside the mouth and on the palms and soles.
- Phenprocoumon -- Teratogenic Agent: There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Phenprocoumon during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
- Phenylbutazone -- Teratogenic Agent: There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Phenylbutazone during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
- Portal hypertension: Portal hypertension is a condition in which the blood pressure is abnormally high in the portal vein system, which carries blood from the digestive organs to the liver.
- Rectal bleeding in children: Rectal bleeding in children refers to bleeding that occurs from a child's rectum.
- Rectal cancer: A growth or excessive proliferation of cells in the rectum which is the final portion of the digestive system before the anus. The growth may be benign or malignant.
- Shigellosis: An infectious disease which affects the intestinal tract and is caused by the Shigella bacteria. The condition may be severe, especially in children, but may be asymptomatic in some cases. The disease can be transmitted through fecal-oral contact.
- Sigmoid diverticulitis: Colonic diverticulitis is a condition resulting from the perforation of a colonic diverticulum which leads to inflammatory changes occurring mainly in the pericolic structures.
- Staphylococcal food poisoning: A gastrointestinal disease caused by consuming food or drink contaminated by toxins made by a bacteria called Staphylococcus aureus.
- Stool symptoms: Changes to stool such as diarrhea
- Strongyloidiasis: A parasitic infectious disease involving the intestines and caused by the nematode Strongyloides stercoralis. Infection usually occurs in crowded, unsanitized populations.
- Sudden onset of hematochezia: Sudden onset of hematochezia is the rapid development of maroon-colored feces.
- Typhoid fever: Fever from bacterial food poisoning.
- Ulcerative colitis: Ulcerative colitis (Colitis ulcerosa, UC) is a form of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Ulcerative colitis is a form of colitis, a disease of the intestine, specifically the large intestine or colon, that includes characteristic ulcers, or open sores, in the colon.
- Vasculitis: A condition which is characterized by inflammation to blood vessels
- Vasculitis hypersensitivity: A condition which is characterised by a reaction that results in the inflammation of the blood vessels
- Warfarin -- Teratogenic Agent: There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Warfarin during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
- Watermelon stomach: The dilation of the blood vessels in the antral of the stomach
- Whipworm: Any nematode of the genus trichuris
- Wiskott-Aldrich Syndrome: An inherited immune system disorder that affects only males and is characterized by recurring infections, eczema and reduced level of blood platelets (thrombocytopenia).
Conditions listing medical symptoms: Hematochezia:
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