Glossary for Hypertension in children
Medical terms related to Hypertension in children or mentioned in this section include:
- Abdominal symptoms: Symptoms affecting the abdomen or digestive tract
- Amphetamines -- Teratogenic Agent: There is strong evidence to indicate that the use of Amphetamines during pregnancy may cause a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
- Anxiety: Excessive worry, anxiety, or fear.
- Autonomic dysfunction: disease or malfunction of the autonomic nervous system.
- Blood pressure symptoms: High (hypertension) or low blood pressure (hypotension).
- Blood vessel symptoms: Symptoms affecting the blood vessels
- Bronchopulmonary dysplasia: A condition which is characterized by dysplasia of the brochopulmonary vessels
- Cardiovascular symptoms: Symptoms affecting the heart and related vascular systems.
- Child health symptoms: Symptoms related to pediatric (child) health.
- Chronic renal insufficiency: Chronic lack of function of the renal system. Kidneys.
- Circulation symptoms: Symptoms affecting the circulatory system
- Coarctation of the aorta: coarctation of the aorta is a narrowing of the aorta between the upper-body artery branches and the branches to the lower body
- Cocaine -- Teratogenic Agent: There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Cocaine during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
- Congenital adrenal hyperplasia: A condition where excessive secretion of adrenocortical androgens cause a somatic masculization or ?virilization? effect on a fetus or baby. Symptoms in girls may include masculization of sex organs, low voice, acne, amenorrhea and masculine hair distribution and muscle growth. Symptoms in boys include enlarged penis, small testes. Children with the condition are usually taller than average but develop into short adults. Also called adrenogenital syndrome or adrenal virilism.
- Cushing syndrome: A rare syndrome where excessive secretion of corticosteroids by the adrenal cortex leads to a variety of symptoms. Hormone-secreting adrenal or pituitary tumors are often the cause of the excessive corticosteroid secretion.
- Digestive symptoms: Any symptoms affecting the digestive tract.
- Essential hypertension: esential hypertension refers to high blood pressure with no identifiable cause
- Glomerulonephritis: A condition which affects the kidneys and is characterized by inflammatory changes that occur in the glomeruli
- Head symptoms: Symptoms affecting the head or brain
- Heart symptoms: Symptoms affecting the heart
- Hemolytic uremic syndrome: A rare condition characterized by acute kidney failure, hemolytic anemia and thrombocytopenia (reduced blood platelet count). The condition is often caused by upper respiratory infections or infectious diarrhea.
- High blood pressure: Excessive blood pressure.
- Human carcinogen -- Cyclosporine: Cyclosporine is deemed to be carcinogenic to humans. The carcinogenicity of the substance may be influenced by the duration and level of exposure. Cyclosporine exposure is associated mainly with an increased risk of developing lymphoma.
- Hypercalcemia: Raised blood calcium levels
- Hyperparathyroidism: Increased secretion of parathyroid hormone from the parathyroid glands.
- Hyperthyroidism: The excessive activity of the thyroid gland
- Hypothyroidism: The decreased activity of the thyroid gland
- Injury: Any damage inflicted in the body
- Kidney symptoms: Symptoms affecting one or both kidneys.
- Muscle symptoms: Symptoms affecting the muscles of the body
- Nerve symptoms: Symptoms affecting the nerves
- Neuroblastoma: neuroblastoma is a malignant (cancerous) tumor of infants and children that develops from nerve tissue
- Obesity: Excessive body weight especially fat.
- Oral contraceptives -- Teratogenic Agent: There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Oral contraceptives during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
- Pain: Any type of pain sensation symptoms.
- Patent ductus arteriosus: patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) is a congenital heart defect wherein a child's ductus arteriosus fails to close after birth
- Pheochromocytoma: pheochromocytoma is a rare tumor that usually starts in the cells of the adrenal glands
- Polycystic kidney disease: Genetic kidney disease causing kidney cysts.
- Porphyria: A group of disorders characterized by excess production of porphyrin or its precursors which affects the skin and/or nervous system.
- Post streptococcal glomerulonephritis: A condition characterized by glomerulonephritis which occurs after a streptococcal infection
- Poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis: A condition characterized by glomerulonephritis which occurs after a streptococcal infection
- Pregnancy symptoms: Symptoms related to pregnancy.
- Primary Hyperaldosteronism: An adrenal gland disorder where excess aldosterone hormone is produced resulting in symptoms such as headache, fatigue, nocturia and increased urine production. Also called Conn's syndrome.
- Reflux nephropathy: A condition which is characterized by reflux of urine from the bladder back up the ureters
- Renal failure: A condition characterized by a failure of the kidney to excrete toxic metabolites from the body
- Seizures: Uncontrolled physical movements
- Sleep apnea: A condition which is characterized by transient attacks of apnea that usually occur during ones sleep
- Stevens Johnson syndrome: A rare but serious condition involving inflammation and blistering of the skin and mucous membranes. It is believed to be an allergic reaction that can occur in response to some drugs or infectious diseases.
- Stress: Emotional stress (sometimes refers to physical stress)
- Surgical errors/complications: Any error or complication that arises from surgery
- White coat hypertension: White coat hypertension is a term used to describe a condition where patients have increased blood pressure readings when measured in a clinical setting such as a doctor's office. Blood pressure readings taken in the home environment while the patient is relaxed are normal. The underlying cause is believed to be tension and anxiety associated with visiting health professionals such as general practitioners. A significant number of patients with this condition eventually develop true hypertension.
- Williams Syndrome: A syndrome characterised by mental retardation, facial abnormalities and emotional instability
Conditions listing medical symptoms: Hypertension in children:
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