Glossary for Increased intracranial pressure in children
Medical terms related to Increased intracranial pressure in children or mentioned in this section include:
- Abdominal symptoms: Symptoms affecting the abdomen or digestive tract
- Abscess: This is an area of puss collected in a cavity which is constituted by necrotised tissue
- Adrenoleukodystrophy: A rare hereditary metabolic disease that only occurs in male children and is characterized by adrenal atrophy and extensive cerebral demyelination causing progressive loss of mental functioning, aphasia, apraxia and sometimes blindness. The patient usually dies within 5 years.
- Astrocytoma: A malignant tumour of the nervous system composed of astrocytes.
- Cerebral oedema:
- Chiari Malformation: Protrusion of the brain down the spinal column.
- Child health symptoms: Symptoms related to pediatric (child) health.
- Congestive heart failure: A condition which is characterized by breathlessness due to oedema and congestion of the lungs
- Craniofacial dysostosis type 1: A rare genetic disorder characterized by premature joining of certain skull bones during development which has an impact on the shape of the head and face. Features include poor vision, hypoplasia of maxilla an impaired hearing.
- Craniosynostosis: A defect involving the fusion of one or more bones in the skull before it has finished growing which affects the head size and shape and can affect the growth of the brain. The defect is often associated with other conditions. Symptoms are determined by which skull bones are prematurely fused.
- Dandy-Walker Syndrome: A congenital brain malformation characterized by increased fluid in the brain.
- Diabetic ketoacidosis: A metabolic acidosis that results from the accumulation of ketones when diabetes mellitus is poorly controlled
- Digestive symptoms: Any symptoms affecting the digestive tract.
- Ear infection: Infection of the ear - may involve the middle and inner ear.
- Ependymoma: A tumor that occurs in the central nervous system (brain and spinal cord). Symptoms vary according to the aggressiveness, size and exact location of the tumor.
- Epidural hematoma: The occurrence of a haematoma upon or outside the dura mata
- Head symptoms: Symptoms affecting the head or brain
- Head trauma: injury to the haed
- Hepatic encephalopathy: Caused by marked liver disease that results in disturbances of consciousness
- Hydrocephalus: A condition which is characterized by marked dilatation of the cerebral ventricles
- Hypoparathyroidism: causesd by lack of PTH
- Hypothyroidism: The decreased activity of the thyroid gland
- Increased intracranial pressure: Increased pressure inside the skull due to brain swelling or fluid accumulation
- Lead encephalopathy:
- Maple syrup urine disease: An inherited metabolic disorder involving amino acid metabolism and characterized by a sweet smelling urine, similar to maple syrup.
- Mouth symptoms: Symptoms of the mouth or oral area.
- Movement symptoms: Changes to movement or motor abilities
- Neoplasms: abnormal proliferation of cells.
- Nerve symptoms: Symptoms affecting the nerves
- Papilloma of choroid plexus: A very rare syndrome characterized by the development of papillomas (benign tumor) in the choroids plexus which is the part of the brain the produces cerebrospinal fluid. The papilloma may become malignant.
- Pressure: Physical feeling of pressure in a body area
- Pseudotumor Cerebri: A condition involving increased intracranial pressure which can produce symptoms similar to a brain tumor.
- Reye's syndrome: is a potentially fatal disease that causes numerous detrimental effects to many organs, especially the brain and liver
- Roseola infantum: Contagious infant conditions
- Sensations: Changes to sensations or the senses
- Shigellosis: An infectious disease which affects the intestinal tract and is caused by the Shigella bacteria. The condition may be severe, especially in children, but may be asymptomatic in some cases. The disease can be transmitted through fecal-oral contact.
- Status epilepticus: A condition which is characterized by a continuous series of generalized tonic clonic seizures
- Stroke symptoms: Brain-related symptoms of bleeding or blockage.
- Subarachnoid hemorrhage: subarachnoid hemorrhage is bleeding in the area between the brain and the thin tissues that cover the brain. This area is called the subarachnoid space
- Subdural hematoma: A condition which is characterized by a blood clot beneath the dura mater
- Urea cycle defects:
- Uremia: Build up of toxins usually excreted by the kidneys, associated with real failure in a woman who is pregnant.
- Vein of Galen aneurysm: A rare condition which is characterised by an aneurysm resulting from a intracranial vascular malformation
Conditions listing medical symptoms: Increased intracranial pressure in children:
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