Glossary for Increased skin pigmentation
Medical terms related to Increased skin pigmentation or mentioned in this section include:
- APECED Syndrome: APECED is a recessively inherited genetic disease characterized by the presence of two of the following three conditions: impaired parathyroid function, yeast infection (candidiasis) and impaired adrenal gland function (Addison's disease). It is an autoimmune disease resulting from a genetic defect. The body's immune system malfunctions and attacks it's own body tissues.
- Achalasia -- Addisonianism -- Alacrimia syndrome: A rare inherited disorder characterized mainly by achalasia, alacrimia (absent tears) and Addison's disease. Addison's disease involves adrenal insufficiency due to a resistance to adrenocorticotropic hormone. Only about 70 cases reported worldwide.
- Achalasia -- addisonianism -- alacrima syndrome: A rare inherited disorder characterized mainly by achalasia, alacrimia (absent tears) and Addison's disease. Addison's disease involves adrenal insufficiency due to a resistance to adrenocorticotropic hormone. Only about 70 cases reported worldwide.
- Achalasia -- adrenal -- alacrima syndrome: A familial disorder characterized by adrenal gland-related hormonal problems, swallowing difficulty (achalasia) and a lack of tears (alacrima). Neurological impairment and motor and sensory neuropathy is progressive. The adrenal glands in patients are resistant to the ACTH hormone and hence fails to operate normally.
- Adrenal gland hypofunction: Reduced adrenal gland activity due to damage to the adrenal gland or lack of stimulation of the gland. Pituitary hormones stimulate adrenal gland activity.
- Adrenal hyperplasia: A group of disorder that occur when there is a problem in the process of making adrenal corticosteroids.
- Adrenal hypofunction: A condition which is characterized by a lack of production of hormones from the adrenal gland.
- Adrenal hypoplasia congenital, X-linked: A genetic disorder which affects the body tissues that produce hormones. It is characterized by underdeveloped adrenal glands which results adrenal insufficiency and hypogonadotrophic hypogonadism.
- Adrenoleukodystrophy: A rare hereditary metabolic disease that only occurs in male children and is characterized by adrenal atrophy and extensive cerebral demyelination causing progressive loss of mental functioning, aphasia, apraxia and sometimes blindness. The patient usually dies within 5 years.
- Alcohol-induced pseudo-Cushing syndrome: The excessive consumption of alcohol can result in symptoms similar to a condition called Cushing's syndrome. When alcohol consumption is stopped, symptoms regress.
- Aplasia cutis congenita -- epibulbar dermoids: A very rare syndrome characterized by increased skin pigmentation, a localized absence of skin (aplasia cutis congenital) and epibulbar dermoids (a benign eye tumor).
- Bloom Syndrome: A rare genetic inherited genetic disorder which mainly affects Ashkenazic Jewish people and is characterized by short stature, malar hypoplasia, and a telangiectatic erythema of the face.
- Brachioradial pruritus: A condition characterized by itching, burning and other sensations of the skin on one or both arms. The skin has no visible evidence of the skin unless the patient causes damage to the skin due to scratching or rubbing. The condition results from nerve damage. It is believed that in some cases the condition arises from nerve damage due to excessive sun exposure. Thus the outer parts of the arm (which tend to receive more sun) tend to be more affected than the inner parts of the arm. In other people, damage to the nerves in the neck from such things as compression or a spinal tumor may also result in the condition.
- Brunzell syndrome: A rare recessively inherited syndrome characterized by a lack of skin fat (Seip syndrome), cystic angiomatosis of the long bones which can lead to fractures.
- Bullous pemphigoid: An autoimmune disease characterized by chronic itchy blistering of the skin. Also called pemphigoid.
- Congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH): A group of disorder that occur when there is a problem in the process of making adrenal corticosteroids.
- Dyck Syndrome: A very rare condition observe in two brothers. It involves vision, hearing, muscle, sensory and adrenal system problems and an enlarged liver and spleen.
- Ectopic ACTH Syndrome: A tumour arising in the body which releases excess quantities of ACTH
- Erythema ab igne:
- Hay-Wells syndrome, recessive type: A rare recessively inherited genetic disorder characterized by ankyloblepharon, ectodermal dysplasia, and cleft lip and/or cleft palate. The recessive form of this condition is distinguished by the presence at birth of adhesions between the upper and lower jaws.
- Hyperpigmentation, Cutaneous, With Hypertrichosis, Hepatosplenomegaly, Heart Anomalies, Hearing Loss, And Hypogonadism: A rare syndrome characterized by various skin and nail anomalies as well as other problems.
- Hypoadrenalism: Reduced adrenal gland activity.
- Incontinentia Pigmenti: A rare genetic skin pigmentation disorder characterized by eye, teeth, bone, nail and hair malformations as well as central nervous abnormalities and mental deficiency.
- Increased skin pigmentation in children: Increased skin pigmentation in children refers to coloring of a child's skin that is greater than it was in the past.
- Increased skin pigmentation in pregnancy: Increased skin pigmentation in pregnancy consists of a deepening of the colour of the areolae, and appearance of the linea nigra on the abdomen, together with a change in colour of the vagina and cervix from pink to a deep purple colour due to venous dilatation. Additionally some women develop brown patches of pigmentation on their faces (typically over the cheekbones.) These changes reverse after pregnancy.
- Keloid: Hypertrophic scar formation that extends outside the margins of injury.
- LEOPARD Syndrome: A rare genetic disorder characterized by multiple lentigines, pulmonic stenosis, widely spaced eyes and deafness.
- Lymphatic Obstruction: A blockage of the lymph vessels that drain fluid from body tissues and facilitate immune system cell movement through the body. Lymphatic obstruction can be caused by such things as tumors, surgery, injury and infection. Obstruction can be primary (as in the case of inherited conditions such as lymphatic hypoplasia) or secondary (as in the case of infection).
- McCune-Albright Syndrome: A rare genetic multisystem disorder characterized by abnormal skin pigmentation and endocrine gland dysfunction and replacement of parts of bone tissue with fibrous material.
- Mental retardation -- hypotonia -- skin hyperpigmentation: A rare condition characterized mainly by mental retardation, reduced muscle tone and increased skin pigmentation.
- Nelson Syndrome: The rapid growth of a pituitary adenoma (tumor) after the surgical removal of both adrenal glands to treat Cushing's disease. The condition is triggered by the resultant loss of the regulatory function of cortisol.
- Nephrogenic Fibrosing Dermopathy: A rare disorder characterized by thickening and hardening of the skin as well as other symptoms. The course of the disease may be mild or aggressive and occurs in patients with underlying disorders kidney disease.
- POEMS: A very rare disorder that has widespread effects on the body: P -- polyneuropathy, O -- organopathy, E -- endocrinopathy, M -- monoclonal gammopathy and S -- skin changes.
- POEMS syndrome: A very rare disorder that has widespread effects on the body: P - polyneuropathy, O - organopathy, E - endocrinopathy, M - monoclonal gammopathy, S - skin changes.
- Peutz-Jeghers Syndrome: A hereditary disorder involving the presence of numerous polyps in the lining of the small intestine and pigmentation around the lips, inside the mouth and on the palms and soles.
- Phototoxic eczema: Phototoxic eczema is skin irritation and inflammation which occurs as an abnormal response to exposure to UV light radiation. The cause of this sensitivity may result from the use of certain drugs or exposure various other photosensitizing substances such as certain plants.
- Pigmentation symptoms: Symptoms related to pigmentation levels in the skin.
- Primary Biliary Cirrhosis 1: Primary biliary cirrhosis is a chronic condition involving progressive destruction of the bile ducts in the liver. This results in an abnormal buildup of bile in the liver which eventually progresses to liver failure. Primary biliary cirrhosis 1 is linked to a genetic defect on chromosome 3p12-q13.2.
- Primary Biliary Cirrhosis 2: Primary biliary cirrhosis is a chronic condition involving progressive destruction of the bile ducts in the liver. This results in an abnormal buildup of bile in the liver which eventually progresses to liver failure. Primary biliary cirrhosis 2 is linked to a genetic defect on chromosome 6p21.3.
- Primary Biliary Cirrhosis 3: Primary biliary cirrhosis is a chronic condition involving progressive destruction of the bile ducts in the liver. This results in an abnormal buildup of bile in the liver which eventually progresses to liver failure. Primary biliary cirrhosis 3 is linked to a genetic defect on chromosome 1p31.2.
- Primary Lymphatic Obstruction: A blockage of the lymph vessels from birth. Lymph vessels drain fluid from body tissues and facilitate immune cell movement through the body. Primary obstruction can be the result of underdeveloped or malformed lymph vessels.
- Primary biliary cirrhosis: Primary biliary cirrhosis is a chronic and progressive cholestatic disease of the liver.
- Revesz Syndrome: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by disease of the eye retinas, anemia and central nervous system anomalies.
- Saul-Wilkes-Stevenson syndrome: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by muscle problems, abnormal skin pigmentation, movement disorder, mental retardation and scoliosis.
- Schwartz newark syndrome: A rare syndrome characterized by pigmentation anomaly, hydrocephaly, spina bifida and a myelomeningocele.
- Secondary Lymphatic Obstruction: A blockage of the lymph vessels that occurs secondary to some other condition such as infection. Lymph vessels drain fluid from body tissues and facilitate immune cell movement through the body. Secondary lymphatic obstruction can be caused by such things as tumors, surgery, injury and infection.
- Short limbs subluxed knees cleft palate: A rare syndrome characterized mainly by short limbs, partially dislocated knees and a cleft palate.
- Skin color changes: Skin changes such as redness, blueness, or whitening.
- Skin conditions: Any condition that affects the skin
- Skin pain: Pain affecting the skin.
- Skin pigmentation: The occurrence of pigmentation that is located in the skin
- Skin pigmentation changes: discoloration of the skin can be caused
- Skin problems: Any condition that affects the skin
- Skin symptoms: Symptoms affecting the skin.
- Sparse hair -- short stature -- skin anomalies: A rare syndrome characterized mainly by sparse hair, short stature and skin anomalies.
- Sunburn: A skin inflammatory reaction due to overexposure to sun
- Tang Hsi Ryu syndrome: A rare syndrome characterized by enlarged liver and spleen, increased pigmentation and abnormal peripheral nerve functioning.
- Variegate porphyria: A rare metabolic disorder characterized by a deficiency of a certain enzyme which results in a build-up in the body of porphyrins or their precursors. This form of hepatic porphyria causes the sufferer to have acute attacks as well as skin sensitivity.
- Zellweger-like syndrome, without peroxisomal anomalies: A rare syndrome characterized by unusual facial appearance, very low muscle tone, mental retardation and metabolic defects.
Conditions listing medical symptoms: Increased skin pigmentation:
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