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Leg swelling Assessment Questionnaire

Questions Your Doctor May Ask - and Why!

During a consultation, your doctor will use various techniques to assess the symptom: Leg swelling. These will include a physical examination and possibly diagnostic tests. (Note: A physical exam is always done, diagnostic tests may or may not be performed depending on the suspected condition) Your doctor will ask several questions when assessing your condition. It is important to openly share any pertinent information to help your doctor make an accurate diagnosis.

It is also very important to bring an up-to-date list of all of your all medical conditions, medications including dosages, and names of numbers of any specialist you see.

Create your printable checklist by answering questions that your doctor may ask below:

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  1. How long have you had the leg swelling?

    Why: to determine if acute or chronic.

  2. Where exactly is the swelling on the leg?

    Why: e.g. ankle, calf, thigh.

  3. Is it unilateral or bilateral?
  4. Are there other areas of the body that are swollen?

    Why: e.g. abdomen, face, sacral area.

  5. Did the swelling follow trauma or activity?

    Why: may suggest leg muscle injury e.g. ruptured gastrocnemius muscle, leg injury, compartment syndrome.

  6. Are you pregnant?

    Why: Lower leg swelling in the absence of high blood pressure is a normal physiological adaptation to the pregnant state. It is more common towards the evening, in hot humid climates and in obese women.

  7. Past medical history?

    Why: e.g. diabetes, peripheral vascular disease and alcoholism can predispose to cellulitis; congestive heart failure and malignancy increases the risk of deep venous thrombosis; Congestive cardiac failure, liver cirrhosis, renal disease and hypothyroidism may cause of ankle and lower leg edema (swelling).

  8. Risk factors for deep venous thrombosis

    Why: e.g. varicose veins, prolonged bed rest, congestive heart failure, major surgery, childbirth, malignancy, oral contraceptive pill.

  9. Medications?

    Why: e.g. oral contraceptive pill increases risk of deep venous thrombosis; some medications may cause lower limb swelling including corticosteroids, progesterone, estrogen, anti-inflammatory medications, methyldopa, clonidine, calcium channel blockers, beta-adrenergic blockers, antidepressants.

  10. Alcohol history?

    Why: may indicate risk of cirrhosis of the liver or cellulitis.

  11. Recent overseas travel or period of immobility?

    Why: may increase risk of deep venous thrombosis.

  12. Symptoms of deep venous thrombosis?

    Why: e.g. diffuse leg swelling, leg warmth, ankle pitting edema.

  13. Symptoms of acute lower limb ischemia or compartment syndrome?

    Why: e.g. sudden severe calf pain, absent pallor of skin, paresthesia or numbness of lower leg, paralysis or weakness of leg, swelling of the foot and ankle.

  14. Symptoms of Hypothyroidism?

    Why: e.g. intolerance to cold , weight gain , constipation, non-pitting lower limb swelling.

  15. Varicose veins?

    Why: may suggest venous incompetence and possible cause of ankle and lower leg swelling.

  16. Symptoms of cardiac failure

    Why: e.g. shortness of breath on exertion, bilateral ankle swelling that is usually symmetrical and worse in the evenings, with improvement during the night. As the heart failure progresses, swelling ascends to involve the legs, thighs, genitalia and abdomen.

  17. Symptoms of cellulitis?

    Why: e.g. brawny-red or reddish brown area of swollen skin which advances rapidly from its starting point. The advancing edge may be vague or sharply defined. Usually associated with a fever.

Conditions listing medical symptoms: Leg swelling:

The following list of conditions have 'Leg swelling' or similar listed as a symptom in our database. This computer-generated list may be inaccurate or incomplete. Always seek prompt professional medical advice about the cause of any symptom.

Select from the following alphabetical view of conditions which include a symptom of Leg swelling or choose View All.

View All A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P R S T U V W Y

Conditions listing medical complications: Leg swelling:

The following list of medical conditions have 'Leg swelling' or similar listed as a medical complication in our database.

 

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