Glossary for Leg ulcers
Medical terms related to Leg ulcers or mentioned in this section include:
- Abdominal symptoms: Symptoms affecting the abdomen or digestive tract
- Actinomycosis: A chronic infection usually caused by an organism normally found in human bowels and mouths. The disease usually affects the face and neck and results in deep, lumpy abscesses that emit a grainy pus through multiple sinuses.
- Amoebiasis: An infectious disease caused by a free-living amoebic parasite called Entamoeba histolytica. The organism infects the bowel and causes gastroenteritis. Infection occurs through ingesting contaminated food or water. It is more common in countries with poor sanitation. The incubation period may last from days to weeks before symptoms appear.
- Anthrax: A serious infectious bacterial disease that can be fatal.
- Antiphospholipid syndrome: An autoimmune disorder characterized by blood clots and pregnancy losses.
- Arm symptoms: Symptoms affecting the arm
- Arterial insufficiency: Where the arterial blood flow is insufficient.
- Arteriosclerosis: A group of medical conditions which are characterized by the thickening and loss of elasticity of arterial blood vessel walls
- Artery symptoms: Symptoms affecting the arteries (large blood vessels)
- Atheroma: A region of plaque occurring in atherosclerosis
- Atherosclerosis: A condition which is a form of arteriosclerosis where atheromas are caused by the aggregation of cholesterol and lipids
- Bacterial diseases: Diseases caused by a bacterial infection
- Basal cell carcinoma: Basal cell carcinoma is a slow-growing form of skin cancer.
- Blastomycosis: A fungal infection caused by Blastomyces dermatitidis and resulting in lung, skin, bone and genitourinary involvement.
- Blood clot: A coagulum that is located in the blood stream due to the aggregation of blood factors
- Body symptoms: Symptoms affecting the entire body features.
- Buerger's disease: Buergers's disease is a recurring inflammation and thrombosis (clotting) of small and medium arteries and veins of the hands and feet
- Burns: Injury from burns and scalds.
- Chancroid: An sexually transmitted disease caused by the Haemophilus ducreyi bacteria and is characterized by painful genital ulceration.
- Crohn's disease: Crohn's disease causes inflammation of the digestive system. It is one of a group of diseases called inflammatory bowel disease. The disease can affect any area from the mouth to the anus. It often affects the lower part of the small intestine called the ileum.
- Cryoglobulinemia: These are immune cells that precipitate in the cold and redissolve on warming.
- Deep vein thrombosis: The formation of a thrombosis in the deep veins usually within the legs
- Diabetes: Symptoms similar to those of diabetes
- Diabetes-like symptoms: Symptoms similar to those of diabetes
- Diphtheria: Infectious bacterial respiratory disease
- Felty syndrome: A rare complication of long-term rheumatoid arthritis which involves an enlarged spleen and blood abnormalities.
- Fungal infections: Symptoms from various fungal infections
- Glanders: An infectious disease caused by a bacterium (Burkholderia mallei). It is usually a disease that affects horses and mules but can also infect other animals and humans. Human infection usually occurs in laboratory settings or in those with prolonged contact with infected animals. Symptoms are determined by whether infection occurs through the skin or via the lungs or blood stream. Bloodstream infections are the most severe and usually result in death within weeks.
- Gout: Painful joints, most commonly the big toe.
- Hemiplegia: Paralysis of one side of the body.
- Hereditary spherocytosis: A rare genetic condition characterized by a defect of the red blood cell membrane. It is characterized by abnormally-shaped red blood cells which are spherical rather than doughnut-shaped. The abnormal red blood cells are broken down by the spleen sooner than normal which leads to problems such as anemia. There are various subtypes of the disorder which are distinguished by the origin of the underlying genetic defect.
- High blood pressure: Excessive blood pressure.
- Hypopigmented lesions in children: Hypopigmented lesions in children refers are sores or ulcers that are colorless or have lost color in a child.
- Hypothermia: Low body temperature
- Injury: Any damage inflicted in the body
- Leg conditions: Conditions that affect ones leg
- Leg pain: Pain affecting the leg
- Leg rash: Any rash on the legs or feet
- Leg symptoms: Symptoms affecting the leg
- Leishmaniasis: A rare infectious disease caused by any of a number of parasitic Leishmania species. Infection can cause any of three different manifestations: cutaneous leishmaniasis, mucosal leishmaniasis and visceral leishmaniasis.
- Leukemia: Cancer of the blood cells, usually white blood cells.
- Limb symptoms: Symptoms affecting the limbs
- Lupus: chronic autoimmune disease that can be fatal, though with recent medical advances, fatalities are becoming increasingly rare.
- Lupus erythematosus: aid an autoimmune disorder which can affect most of the organs in the body
- Lymphatic Obstruction: A blockage of the lymph vessels that drain fluid from body tissues and facilitate immune system cell movement through the body. Lymphatic obstruction can be caused by such things as tumors, surgery, injury and infection. Obstruction can be primary (as in the case of inherited conditions such as lymphatic hypoplasia) or secondary (as in the case of infection).
- Melanoma: Melanoma is the most dangerous type of skin cancer. It is the leading cause of death from skin disease. It involves cells called melanocytes, which produce a skin pigment called melanin. Melanin is responsible for skin and hair color.
- Metabolic disorder: occurs when abnormal chemical reactions occur in the body
- Metastatic cancer: Any cancer that has spread to other parts of the body.
- Muscle symptoms: Symptoms affecting the muscles of the body
- Mycetoma: Mycetoma is a mass or growth caused by a fungal infection.
- Nerve symptoms: Symptoms affecting the nerves
- Numbness of both elbows: Numbness of both elbows refers to the loss or reduction of sensation in the elbows.
- Osteomyelitis: An infection that occurs in bone
- Peripheral vascular disease: Disease of arteries supplying the legs or sometimes arms
- Polyarteritis nodosa: A serious blood vessel disease where small and medium-sized arteries become swollen and damaged and are unable to adequately supply oxygenated blood to various tissues in the body. The disease can occur in a mild form or a serious, rapidly fatal form.
- Polycythemia vera: Polycythemia vera refers to a condition in which there is an abnormal rise n the number of blood cells, especially red blood cells.
- Prolidase deficiency: A rare metabolic disorder where an enzyme (prolidase) deficiency impairs the breakdown of certain proteins which causes a harmful buildup in the body. The type and severity of symptoms are variable and may include skin disorders, retarded motor development, impaired cognitive development, frequent infections and skeletal abnormalities.
- Pyoderma Gangrenosum: A rare inflammatory skin disorder characterized by small red bumps or blisters which eventually become ulcerated.
- Pyruvate Kinase Deficiency: A rare inherited blood disorder involving a deficiency of the enzyme pyruvate kinase.
- Rheumatoid arthritis: An autoimmune inflammatory condition which primarily affects the joints
- Rodent ulcer: Facial ulcer not actually related to rodents
- Sarcoidosis: Rare autoimmune disease usually affecting the lungs.
- Sarcoma: Any cancer of the connective tissue.
- Scleroderma: A rare, progressive connective tissue disorder involving thickening and hardening of the skin and connective tissue. There are a number of forms of scleroderma with some forms being systemic (involving internal organs).
- Sensations: Changes to sensations or the senses
- Sickle Cell Anemia: Sickle cell anemia is an inherited blood disorder characterized by red blood cells which are crescent-shaped rather than the normal doughnut shape. These abnormally shaped red blood cells are unable to function normally and tend to undergo premature destruction which leads to anemia. If the genetic defect which causes the condition is inherited from both parents the condition can be quite severe whereas if it is inherited from only one parent, often there are no symptoms. The abnormally shaped red blood cells can cause problems when they clump together and block blood vessels.
- Skin problems: Any condition that affects the skin
- Skin rash: Change in the skin which affects the color, appearance or texture.
- Skin symptoms: Symptoms affecting the skin.
- Sores: Sores affecting the skin.
- Spider Bites: A puncture wound caused by a spider that may involve the release of noxious substances or bacteria.
- Spinal cord lesion: Spinal cord lesion is a condition in which there is an area of abnormal tissue on the spinal cord.
- Sporotrichosis: A fungal skin infection caused by the fungus Sporothrix schenckii. Usually only the skin is infected but bones, lungs and central nervous system can rarely be affected also. Transmission usually occurs through infection of a skin wound.
- Squamous Cell Skin Cancer: Aggressive skin cancer arising due to sun exposure; lesions are locally invasive to surrounding tissues and may metastasise
- Syphilis: A sexually transmitted disease caused by a bacteria (Treponema pallidum). The condition is often asymptomatic in the early stages but one or more sores may be present in the early stages. Untreated syphilis usually results in remission of visible symptoms but further severe damage may occur to internal organs and other body tissues which can result in death.
- Systemic lupus erythematosus: chronic autoimmune disease that can be fatal, though with recent medical advances, fatalities are becoming increasingly rare.
- Thalassemia: Thalassemia is an inherited blood disorder characterized by abnormal synthesis of hemoglobin. Hemoglobin consists of two main protein chains called alpha and beta. There are two subtypes of the disorder (alpha and beta) depending on what portion of the hemoglobin is abnormally synthesized. Each of these subtypes can be further classified depending on the number of thalassemia genes involved. A total of four genes is needed to make each ? protein chains and two genes are needed to make each ? chain. The main symptom is anemia, the severity of which can vary amongst patients depending on how many defective genes are involved.
- Thinness: Underweight and thin
- Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura, acquired: A rare blood condition where small blood clots form in blood vessels which reduces the number of blood platelets and results in kidney failure, neurological symptoms and anemia. The condition may be familial or acquired - symptoms tend to recur regularly in the familial form.
- Tuberculosis: Bacterial infection causing nodules forming, most commonly in the lung.
- Tularemia: A rare infections disease caused by the bacterium Francisella tularensis (a gram-negative pleomorphic coccobacillus). Transmission occurs through contact with infected animals or there habitats e.g. bites from infected insects or other animals, eating infected wild animals, contact with contaminated water and soil. Symptoms can vary greatly depending on the method of infection. For example infection through inhalation can cause symptoms similar to pneumonia, eating infected animals can cause a sore throat and abdominal symptoms and transmission through the skin can cause result in a painful skin ulcer.
- Ulcerative colitis: Ulcerative colitis (Colitis ulcerosa, UC) is a form of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Ulcerative colitis is a form of colitis, a disease of the intestine, specifically the large intestine or colon, that includes characteristic ulcers, or open sores, in the colon.
- Ulcers: A defect in epithelial tissue due to necrotic inflammation
- Varicose veins: Appearance of veins in the skin
- Vasculitis: A condition which is characterized by inflammation to blood vessels
- Venous insufficiency: A condition which is characterized by inadequacy of the venous valves which impairs venous drainage
- Wegener's granulomatosis: A rare disease involving blood vessel inflammation which can affect the blood flow to various tissues and organs and hence cause damage. The respiratory system and the kidneys are the main systems affected.
- Werner syndrome: A form of premature aging where sufferers start aging during adolescence or soon after and appear old by the time they reach their 30's or 40's. Milder forms of the condition may also occur.
- Yaws: A rare infections disease caused by the spiral-shaped bacteria Treponema pertenue. The disease consists of three phases: skin lesions are followed by bone, joint and widespread skin symptoms and finally by inflammation and destruction of cartilage in the nose, pharynx and palate. Transmission can be through direct contact with infected skin, insect bites or sex.
Conditions listing medical symptoms: Leg ulcers:
The following list of conditions
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Conditions listing medical complications: Leg ulcers:
The following list of medical conditions have 'Leg ulcers'
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