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Symptoms » Liver enlargement » Glossary

Glossary for Liver enlargement

Medical terms related to Liver enlargement or mentioned in this section include:

  • Abdominal symptoms: Symptoms affecting the abdomen or digestive tract
  • Acromegaly: An abnormal enlargement of the limbs due to increased secretion of growth hormone after the cessation of puberty
  • Alcohol abuse: Excessive alcohol as a symptom of other conditions
  • Alcohol use: Use of alcohol (as a symptom)
  • Alcoholic liver disease: Alcoholic liver disease is the major cause of liver disease in Western countries, (in Asian countries, viral hepatitis is the major cause). It arises from the excessive ingestion of alcohol.
  • Amebiasis: Intestinal inflammation caused by Entamoeba histolytica and often marked by symptoms such as frequent, loose bowel movements that contain blood and mucus. Also called intestinal amebic dysentery.
  • Amyloidosis: A disease characterized by the accumulation of insoluble amyloid protein in tissues and organs which in turn affects the functioning of these tissues and organs.
  • Ascaris lumbricoides: Common roundworm infecting human intestines. Causing restlessness, fever, diarrhea.
  • Autoimmune Hepatitis: Liver inflammation caused due to autoimmune processes where the body's immune system attacks the liver.
  • Bacterial diseases: Diseases caused by a bacterial infection
  • Bearn-Kunkel syndrome: A type of autoimmune liver disease characterized by liver damage, very high blood gammaglobulin levels and increased plasma cells.
  • Bernheim's syndrome: Reduced size of right heart ventricle due to enlargement of the left ventricle which encroaches on the space in the right ventricle. Blood flow from the right atrium to the right ventricle is obstructed.
  • Bile duct cysts: The formation of a cyst (dilation or swelling) in the bile duct which can obstruct the flow of bile and result in jaundice.
  • Biliary Atresia: A rare condition that can affect newborns where the bile duct that carries the bile from the liver to the small intestine is blocked or missing.
  • Biliary obstruction: Biliary obstruction is a blockage of the system of tubes that carry bile from the liver to the gallbladder and small intestine.
  • Birth defects: Conditions which are present at birth and are considered alterations to what is considered normal in a newborn baby
  • Brucellosis: An infectious disease caused by the Brucella genus which is transmitted from animals to humans.
  • Budd-Chiari syndrome: A disorder where the main vein leaving the liver becomes blocked leading to symptoms such as liver enlargement and fluid buildup in the abdomen. Also called Chiari's syndrome or Rokitansky's disease.
  • Caroli Disease: A rare disorder where the bile ducts inside the liver become enlarged resulting in infection, irritation and gallstone formation.
  • Cholestasis: A condition where bile formation or flow is reduced.
  • Chronic Hepatitis: Chronic hepatitis is defined as inflammatory disease of the liver lasting for more than six months.
  • Cirrhosis of the liver: Scarring of the liver from alcohol or other causes.
  • Congenital hepatic fibrosis: A rare inherited birth disorder characterized by fibrosis (scarring) of the liver which affects its ability to function. The severity of the condition is variable with some patients being symptomatic during infancy while others may be asymptomatic for most of their life.
  • Constrictive pericarditis: Constrictive pericarditis refers to an chronic inflammation of the sac that covers the heart (pericardium) that results in scarring of the pericardium.
  • Cytomegalovirus: A easily transmissible viral infection that is common but generally causes no symptoms except in infants and people with weakened immune systems.
  • Digestive symptoms: Any symptoms affecting the digestive tract.
  • Dubin-Johnson Syndrome: Rare, chronic hyperbilirubinemia caused by the liver's inability to secrete certain organic compounds.
  • Enlarged liver: Swelling of the liver.
  • Fatty liver: A condition which is characterized by the accumulation fatty deposits in the liver
  • Fatty liver disease: Fatty liver disease can range from fatty liver alone (steatosis) to fatty liver associated with inflammation (steatohepatitis). This condition can occur with the use of alcohol (alcohol-related fatty liver) or in the absence of alcohol (nonalcoholic fatty liver disease [NAFLD]).
  • Felty syndrome: A rare complication of long-term rheumatoid arthritis which involves an enlarged spleen and blood abnormalities.
  • Gallstones: A condition where biliary calculi form in the gallbladder
  • Gaucher Disease: A rare inherited biochemical disorder characterized by the deficiency of the enzyme called glucocerebrosidase and accumulation of glycosylceramide (glucocerebroside). There are three forms of this disease: type 1, 2 and 3.
  • Glycogen storage diseases: A condition which is characterized by a defect in the ability of the body to store glycogen
  • Heart disease: Any disease that affects that heart but particularly relating to its own blood supply
  • Hemochromatosis: Excess of iron leading to problems with joints, liver, heart and pancreas.
  • Hemosiderosis: A rare lung condition where bleeding into the lungs causes lung damage due to the accumulation of iron. The severity of the condition is determined by the amount of bleeding.
  • Hepatitis: Any inflammation of the liver
  • Hereditary Hemochromatosis: A genetic disorder where too much iron is absorbed from food and it is stored in various parts of the body which can cause damage. There are 4 types of hemochromatosis and they are distinguished by age of onset, genetic cause and type of inheritance. Some sufferers may be asymptomatic.
  • High Blood Iron: Where a patient has an elevated iron content of their blood
  • Hodgkin's Disease: A form of cancer that affects the lymphatic system.
  • Hydatid cyst: It is rare for hydatid disease to be encountered primarily in the urogenital system or retroperitoneum. Moreover, prostatic involvement is extremely rare.
  • Jaundice: yellowish discoloration of the skin and mucous membrane
  • Leishmaniasis: A rare infectious disease caused by any of a number of parasitic Leishmania species. Infection can cause any of three different manifestations: cutaneous leishmaniasis, mucosal leishmaniasis and visceral leishmaniasis.
  • Leptospirosis: Bacterial infection usually caught from animal urine.
  • Letterer-Siwe disease: A rare usually fatal condition characterized by skin lesions, bleeding tendency, enlarged liver and spleen, enlarged lymph nodes and progressive anemia. The condition is caused by excessive proliferation of histiocytes.
  • Liver abscess: Pus in the liver
  • Liver conditions: Any condition that affects the liver
  • Liver enlargement in pregnancy: Liver enlargement in pregnancy is an increase in the size of the liver, found by the examining attendant. The liver may or may not be tender and other symptoms such as nausea or vomiting may or may not be present.
  • Liver pain: Pain or discomfort due to the liver
  • Liver problems: Any problems that are associated with the livers structure and function
  • Liver symptoms: Symptoms affecting the liver
  • Lymphoma: Any neoplastic disorder that occurs in lymphoid tissue
  • Malaria: A parasitic disease transmitted through mosquito bites.
  • Mononucleosis: Common infectious virus.
  • Mucopolysaccharidosis VII: Disorder of mucopolysaccharide metabolism.
  • Niemann-Pick disease: A rare inherited biochemical disorder involving the deficiency of an enzyme (acid sphingomyelinase) needed to break down certain lipids which results in an accumulation of these lipids in the body.
  • Numbness of both elbows: Numbness of both elbows refers to the loss or reduction of sensation in the elbows.
  • Obesity: Excessive body weight especially fat.
  • PEPCK 1 deficiency: A rare inherited disorder where deficiency of an enzyme (phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase-1) prevents fats and proteins being turned into glucose which causes various problems. In type 1, the enzyme deficiency occurs in the liquid part of the cells.
  • PEPCK 2 deficiency: A rare inherited disorder where deficiency of an enzyme (phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase-2) prevents fats and proteins being turned into glucose which causes various problems. In type 2 the deficiency occurs in the mitochondrial part of the cell which is the energy conversion organelle in the cell.
  • PEPCK Deficiency: A condition which is characterized by a deficiency of phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase
  • Pancreatitis: Any inflammation that occurs in the pancreas
  • Pericarditis: Inflammation of the pericardium that surrounds the heart
  • Phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase (PEPCK) deficiency: A rare inherited disorder where deficiency of an enzyme (phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase-1) prevents fats and proteins being turned into glucose which causes various problems. In type 1, the enzyme deficiency occurs in the liquid part of the cells and in type 2 the deficiency occurs in the mitochondrial part of the cell.
  • Polyarteritis nodosa: A serious blood vessel disease where small and medium-sized arteries become swollen and damaged and are unable to adequately supply oxygenated blood to various tissues in the body. The disease can occur in a mild form or a serious, rapidly fatal form.
  • Possible human carcinogenic exposure -- Zidovudine: Some evidence indicates that exposure to Zidovudine (an anti-HIV drug) has a possible link to an increased risk of developing cancer in humans. The carcinogenicity of the substance may be influenced by the duration and level of exposure.
  • Pregnancy symptoms: Symptoms related to pregnancy.
  • Primary biliary cirrhosis: Primary biliary cirrhosis is a chronic and progressive cholestatic disease of the liver.
  • Sarcoidosis: Rare autoimmune disease usually affecting the lungs.
  • Schistosomiasis: Parasitic fluke infection in developing countries
  • Sclerosing Cholangitis: Chronic hereditary disease causing inflammation and destruction of the bile ducts in and around the liver with subsequent blockage to bile flow
  • Sickle Cell Anemia: Sickle cell anemia is an inherited blood disorder characterized by red blood cells which are crescent-shaped rather than the normal doughnut shape. These abnormally shaped red blood cells are unable to function normally and tend to undergo premature destruction which leads to anemia. If the genetic defect which causes the condition is inherited from both parents the condition can be quite severe whereas if it is inherited from only one parent, often there are no symptoms. The abnormally shaped red blood cells can cause problems when they clump together and block blood vessels.
  • Thalassemia: Thalassemia is an inherited blood disorder characterized by abnormal synthesis of hemoglobin. Hemoglobin consists of two main protein chains called alpha and beta. There are two subtypes of the disorder (alpha and beta) depending on what portion of the hemoglobin is abnormally synthesized. Each of these subtypes can be further classified depending on the number of thalassemia genes involved. A total of four genes is needed to make each ? protein chains and two genes are needed to make each ? chain. The main symptom is anemia, the severity of which can vary amongst patients depending on how many defective genes are involved.
  • Thinness: Underweight and thin
  • Thyrotoxicosis: hypermetabolic clinical syndrome resulting from serum elevations in thyroid hormone levels, specifically free thyroxine (T4), triiodothyronine (T3), or both.
  • Tuberculosis: Bacterial infection causing nodules forming, most commonly in the lung.
  • Upper abdominal symptoms: Symptoms affecting the upper abdominal region.
  • Viral Hepatitis: hepatitis describes inflammation of the liver. Hepatitis may be caused by alcohol, drugs, autoimmune diseases, metabolic diseases, and viruses. Viral infection accounts for more than half the cases of acute hepatitis.

Conditions listing medical symptoms: Liver enlargement:

The following list of conditions have 'Liver enlargement' or similar listed as a symptom in our database. This computer-generated list may be inaccurate or incomplete. Always seek prompt professional medical advice about the cause of any symptom.

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