See what questions
a doctor would ask.
During a consultation, your doctor will use various techniques to assess the symptom: Loss of smell. These will include a physical examination and possibly diagnostic tests. (Note: A physical exam is always done, diagnostic tests may or may not be performed depending on the suspected condition) Your doctor will ask several questions when assessing your condition. It is important to openly share any pertinent information to help your doctor make an accurate diagnosis.
It is also very important to bring an up-to-date list of all of your all medical conditions, medications including dosages, and names of numbers of any specialist you see.
Create your printable checklist by answering questions that your doctor may ask below:
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Why: to determine if acute or chronic. Acute loss of smell would certainly suggest an acute upper respiratory tract infection (URTI). It would also suggest recent exposure to toxic fumes or recent head injury.
Why: e.g. general anosmia is the inability to detect any smells; partial anosmia is the ability to detect some, but not all smells; specific anosmia is the loss of ability to appreciate only one or a very limited number of smells.
Why: If intermittent, may suggest psychomotor epilepsy.
Why: If unilateral must consider an olfactory groove meningioma ( benign tumor of the lining of the brain in the region of the lower surface of the frontal lobe of the brain).
Why: It is normal to get a gradual reduction in the sense of smell and taste with aging.
Why: may suggest a congenital cause such as Kallmann's syndrome (hypogonadotrophic hypogonadism) or albinism.
Why: A skull fracture, particularly if it involves the cribriform plate, may interrupt the olfactory nerve and cause loss of smell.
Why: may suggest acute upper respiratory tract infection itself or sinusitis as the cause of loss of smell.
Why: e.g. paints and sprays- may suggest cause of loss of smell.
Why: may be the cause of the loss of smell.
Why: e.g. some endocrine disorders can affect smell such as Cushing's syndrome, hypothyroidism and diabetes mellitus; Parkinson's disease and Alzheimer's disease may be associated with loss of smell.
Why: e.g. may have a loss of smell after pituitary surgery.
Why: may cause loss of smell.
Why: some medications are known to cause loss of smell such as captopril, penicillamine, antirheumatic medications and antiproliferative medications.
Why: e.g. allergies t pollens, moulds, house dust mites, animal fur and some foods may cause allergic rhinitis.
Why: may indicate possibility of Vitamin B12 deficiency which may be associated with loss of smell.
Why: overuse of alcohol may cause loss of smell.
Why: may cause loss of smell.
Why: e.g. topical cocaine and amphetamines may cause loss of smell.
Why: People who have a loss of smell usually complain of a loss of sense of taste even though their taste thresholds may be within normal limits. This is because flavour appreciation depends on detecting the smell of substances in food and beverages as well as the sense of taste.
Why: e.g. sphenoidal or ethmoidal sinusitis causes a constant pain behind the eye or behind the nose.
Why: may suggest an olfactory groove meningioma ( benign tumor of the lining of the brain in the region of the lower surface of the frontal lobe of the brain) or a tumor of the parietal lobe of the brain. Some causes of dementia such as Parkinson's disease and Alzheimer's disease may also cause loss of smell.
Why: e.g. a pus-like nasal discharge may suggest acute or chronic sinusitis; a watery nasal discharge may suggest upper respiratory tract infection or rhinitis; a bloody nasal discharge may suggest nasopharyngeal cancer.
Why: e.g. tiredness, sore runny nose, sneezing, sore throat, slight fever; sometimes headache, hoarseness and cough. May also have loss of smell.
Why: e.g. fever, chills, headache, generalized muscle aches and pains followed by sore throat, dry cough and runny nose. May also have loss of smell.
Why: e.g. facial pain and tenderness, toothache, post-nasal drip, nasal obstruction, runny nose, cough, fever, bleeding nose. May also have loss of smell.
Why: e.g. facial pain, bloody nasal discharge, cranial nerve palsies.
Why: e.g. blurry vision, double vision, dizziness, weakness, numbness or tingling in any limbs of face. May also have loss of smell.
Why: e.g. coarse hand tremor most marked at rest, rigidity of limbs, slowness in initiating and executing movements and speech, expressionless mask-like face and dementia.
Why: e.g. impaired memory, impaired judgement and thinking, impaired verbal fluency and impaired ability to perform complex tasks. Personality may change, impulse control may be lost and personal care deteriorates.
The following list of conditions have 'Loss of smell' or similar listed as a symptom in our database. This computer-generated list may be inaccurate or incomplete. Always seek prompt professional medical advice about the cause of any symptom.
Select from the following alphabetical view of conditions which include a symptom of Loss of smell or choose View All.
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