Glossary for Lymphadenitis
Medical terms related to Lymphadenitis or mentioned in this section include:
- Acute lymphoblastic leukemia: A malignant disease that starts suddenly and progresses quickly. It is characterized by a high number of immature cells in the organs, bone marrow and blood. Symptoms include fever, pallor, anorexia, fatigue, anemia, hemorrhage, bone pain, splenomegaly and frequent infections. Also called acute lymphocytic leukemia.
- Adult T-Cell leukemia: A form of blood cancer affecting the T-cells which make up the body's immune system. The disease is caused by the HTLV-1 virus (human T-cell leukemia virus) which causes the proliferation of abnormal T-cells. The virus can be transmitted sexually and may lay dormant for decades. There are four subtypes: acute, chronic, lymphoma and smoldering. The acute and lymphoma subtypes have the poorest prognosis.
- Angiofollicular ganglionic hyperplasia -- hyaline-vascular type: A rare disorder characterized by a localized overgrowth of lymph node tissue which can form a benign tumor-like growth. There are two types of the disease: hyaline-vascular type or the plasma cell type which tends to have more severe symptoms. The hyaline-vascular type is usually asymptomatic but symptoms can be determined by the location and number of growths and the effect it can have on nearby tissue by pushing against it - e.g. squashing blood vessels.
- Angiofollicular lymph hyperplasia: A rare disorder of the lymph system characterized by the development of benign tumors in lymph tissue anywhere in the body.
- Angioimmunoblastic with dysproteinemia lymphadenopathy: A rare immune system disorder which is similar to lymphoma. The condition is progressive but the course varies with some patients surviving a long time without treatment and others surviving only a short period of time.
- Anthrax: A serious infectious bacterial disease that can be fatal.
- Body symptoms: Symptoms affecting the entire body features.
- Breast Cancer: A condition which is characterized by the presence of malignant tissue within breast tissue
- Breast cancer: A condition which is characterized by the presence of malignant tissue within breast tissue
- Brucellosis: An infectious disease caused by the Brucella genus which is transmitted from animals to humans.
- Burkholderia pseudomallei: Gram negative, aerobic, motile rod shaped bacterium.
- Cat scratch disease: An infectious disease transmitted through a cat's bite, scratch or lick and resulting primarily in lymph node pain and swelling. The condition can be mild or severe.
- Cellulitis: inflammation of the subcutaneous fat
- Chagas disease: A parasitic infection caused by the protozoa Trypanosoma cruzi and transmitted by insect bites or blood transfusions. The disease primarily involves the heart and gastrointestinal system.
- Chronic Granulomatous Disease: A very rare inherited blood disorder where certain cells involved with immunity (phagocytes) are unable to destroy bacteria and hence the patient suffers repeated bacterial infections.
- Coccidioidomycosis: An infectious fungal disease caused by inhaling the spores of a particular bacteria. Also called desert fever, desert rheumatism, San Joaquin fever and valley fever.
- Colorectal cancer: Cancer of the colon (bowel) or rectum.
- Cowpox: A skin disease caused by the cowpox virus. The virus tends to occur in cows but can be transmitted to humans. Exposure usually occurs when hand-milking infected cows.
- Cutaneous T-cell lymphoma: A malignancy of the T-cells which make up part of the body's immune system. The cancer is characterized by the excessive proliferation of T-cells which are a type of white blood cell. The degree of skin involvement is variable.
- Cystic Hygroma: A progressive condition characterized by a sac filled with lymphatic fluid that forms in the lymphatic system, usually at the nape of the neck but sometimes in other parts of the body.
- Cytomegalovirus: A easily transmissible viral infection that is common but generally causes no symptoms except in infants and people with weakened immune systems.
- Dengue fever: An acute viral disease characterized by fever, rash and myalgia and caused by a flavivirus which is transmitted by mosquitoes.
- Edema: The abnormal retention of fluid in a given anatomical area
- Epstein-Barr virus: Common virus causing mononucleosis
- Erythroderma: Condition with thickening and flaking skin
- Ethotoin -- Teratogenic Agent: There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Ethotoin (an anticonvulsant drug) during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
- Fever: Raised body temperature usually with other symptoms.
- Head symptoms: Symptoms affecting the head or brain
- Hemangiopericytoma: A slow growing tumor that develops in deep soft tissues an tends to occur mainly in the abdomen (pelvic retroperitoneum specifically), hips, shoulders, upper arms and upper legs.
- Hemophagocytic Lymphohistiocytosis: A condition which is characterized by an abnormal appearance of histiocytes in the blood
- Hepatitis A: Contagious viral infection of the liver
- Hepatitis B: Viral liver infection spread by sex or body fluids.
- Herpes: Virus with one subtype causing cold sores and another causing genital herpes.
- Histoplasmosis: Lung infection from fungus Histoplasma capsulatum
- Hyper IgE: Inherited immunodeficiency disorders involving excessive production of IgE and frequent bacterial (staphylococcal) infections mainly involving the skin as well as other problems. Recessively inherited forms of the condition tend to be more serious with bone problems.
- Infection: Infections as a symptom.
- Inflammatory symptoms: Symptoms related to inflammation.
- Job syndrome: An immunodeficiency disorder characterized by excessive production of IgE and frequent bacterial infections mainly involving the skin.
- Juvenile idiopathic arthritis: A group of chronic inflammatory joint disorders that affects children. The condition generally involves periods of time where the condition is active followed by periods of abatement of symptoms. In some cases, the condition can be systemic and can cause symptoms such as fever and rash with organ involvement. There are three main types of juvenile idiopathic arthritis - oligoarticular, polyarticular and systemic (Still's disease).
- Langerhans Cell Histiocytosis: A condition which is characterized by proliferation of Langerhans cells
- Lassa fever: Infectious rat-borne West African disease.
- Lymph symptoms: Symptoms affecting the lymphatic system or lymph nodes
- Lymphadenitis in children: Lymphadenitis in children is a condition in which a child has and infection of the lymph nodes, infection-fighting glands of the immune system.
- Lymphangiomas: A form of angioma caused by lymph vessels
- Lymphangitis: Inflammation of a lymph node or lymphatic vessel.
- Lymphatic Filariasis: Parasitic worm infection of the lympatic system
- Lymphedema: Swelling of a region due to obstruction of lymphatic vessels
- Measles: Once common viral infection now rare due to vaccination.
- Melanoma: Melanoma is the most dangerous type of skin cancer. It is the leading cause of death from skin disease. It involves cells called melanocytes, which produce a skin pigment called melanin. Melanin is responsible for skin and hair color.
- Melioidosis: Bacterial infection from soil or water.
- Merkel cell cancer: A rapidly growing, aggressive form of skin cancer that occur on or just under the skin.
- Mesenteric Adenitis: Swollen abdominal lymph nodes
- Mononucleosis: Common infectious virus.
- Mycosis fungoides: Mycosis fungoides is a rare form of T-cell lymphoma of the skin. The disease is typically slowly progressive and chronic.
- Mycosis fungoides, familial: A rare form of lymphatic cancer (T-cell lymphoma) that primarily affects the skin and tends to occur with higher than normal frequency within a family. The skin is affected first, then the lymph nodes become inflamed and usually cancerous. The cancer can then spread to organs such as the liver, lungs and bone marrow. Survival depends on how early treatment starts. Patients diagnosed in the early stages can survive more than 12 years whereas once the cancer has spread to other organs, death usually occurs within three years.
- Nerve symptoms: Symptoms affecting the nerves
- Niemann-Pick disease: A rare inherited biochemical disorder involving the deficiency of an enzyme (acid sphingomyelinase) needed to break down certain lipids which results in an accumulation of these lipids in the body.
- Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma: A condition which is any neoplastic disorder of the lymphoid tissue
- Paracoccidioidomycosis: Infection by the fungus Paracoccidiodes brasiliensis which usually affects the lungs but can also involve the skin, mucous membranes, lymphatic system and other parts of the body.
- Plague: Any epidemic disease with a high death rate.
- Possible human carcinogenic exposure -- Phenytoin: Some evidence indicates that exposure to Phenytoin (an anticonvulsant medication) has a possible link to an increased risk of developing cancer in humans. The carcinogenicity of the substance may be influenced by the duration and level of exposure.
- Pseudomonas pseudomallei: A form of pseudomonas
- Rhabditida Infections: Infection with a parasitic worm from the order rhabditida. The symptoms are determined by the species involved.
- Rhodococcus equi: A rare form of bacterial infection that usually affects horses and foals but can cause infection mainly in immunocompromised people. Infection usually starts at the site of some sort of trauma. Symptoms and severity may vary considerably depending on the location and extent of the infection.
- River Blindness: Skin and eye infection caused by the helminth (worm) 'Onchocerca volvulus', transmitted via fly bites and usually seen only in parts of Africa, the Middle East and South America
- Rosai-Dorfman disease: A rare condition characterized by excessive production and accumulation of a particular white blood cell (histiocyte). Accumulation primarily occurs in the lymph nodes, especially in the neck, but may also occur in the skin, central nervous system, digestive tract and kidneys.
- Rubella: A contagious viral infection caused by the Rubella virus which produces a rash and lymph node swelling. It can have serious implication in pregnant women as the virus can be transmitted through the placenta and cause serious fetal defects or even fetal death.
- Scrub typhus: Type of typhus usually caught from ticks
- Secernentea Infections: Infection with a type of parasitic nematode (worm). The symptoms are highly variable depending on where the worm migrates to through out the body and which particular species is involved. Some examples of nematodes are Wuchereria, Spirurina, Mansonella, Drucunculus, Loa and Ascaris.
- Secondary syphilis: A condition which is characterized by fever, multiform skin eruptions, iritis, alopecia, mucous patches and severe pain in the head and joints
- Sennetsu Fever: A rare infectious disease caused by a bacteria called Ehrlichia sennetsu.
- Serum sickness: Type of allergic reaction to certain medications or serums
- Skin symptoms: Symptoms affecting the skin.
- Smallpox: Dangerous virus now almost eliminated worldwide by vaccination.
- Spider Bites: A puncture wound caused by a spider that may involve the release of noxious substances or bacteria.
- Sporotrichosis: A fungal skin infection caused by the fungus Sporothrix schenckii. Usually only the skin is infected but bones, lungs and central nervous system can rarely be affected also. Transmission usually occurs through infection of a skin wound.
- Stomach cancer: Stomach or gastric cancer can develop in any part of the stomach and may spread throughout the stomach and to other organs
- Swelling symptoms: Symptoms causing swelling or enlargement.
- Swollen lymph nodes: Swelling or enlargement of the lymph nodes
- Systemic lupus erythematosus: chronic autoimmune disease that can be fatal, though with recent medical advances, fatalities are becoming increasingly rare.
- Temperature symptoms: Abnormalities of body temperature including fever.
- Toxoplasmosis: Infection often caught from cats and their feces.
- Typhus fever: A general name for various arthropod-borne rickettsial infections
- Visceral leishmaniasis: A tropical disease caused by a protozoan organism and transmitted to humans through sand fly bites. Also called Assam fever, black fever, dumdum fever, ponos or kala-azar.
- Whipple's Disease: Rare malabsorption disease from bacterial digestive infection
- Wuchereria bancrofti: An infectious disease caused by a thin, white, threadworm which affects the lymphatic circulation. It is transmitted through the bite of a mosquito.
Conditions listing medical symptoms: Lymphadenitis:
The following list of conditions
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listed as a symptom in our database.
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Conditions listing medical complications: Lymphadenitis:
The following list of medical conditions have 'Lymphadenitis'
or similar listed as a medical complication in our database.
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