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Symptoms » Micrognathism » Glossary
 

Glossary for Micrognathism

Medical terms related to Micrognathism or mentioned in this section include:

  • 49,XXXXX syndrome: A rare chromosomal disorder that affects only females and involves body cells having five copies of the X chromosome instead of the normal two.
  • Acrofacial dysostosis, Nager type: A rare genetic disorder characterized by underdeveloped thumbs, forearm and cheekbones as well as ear defects.
  • Atelosteogenesis, type 2: A very rare inherited skeletal disorder involving the bone and cartilage and resulting in various bone abnormalities.
  • Bone symptoms: Symptoms affecting the body's bones
  • Bowen-Conradi Syndrome: A very rare inherited disorder characterized by low birth weight, small head, facial anomalies and failure to thrive.
  • Bowing, congenital, short bones: A rare syndrome characterized mainly by broad, bowed bones affecting mainly the thigh bone and upper arm bones.
  • CHARGE Syndrome: A rare disorder characterized by choanal atresia, coloboma, ear and genital abnormalities and congenital heart defects.
  • Cardiofaciocutaneous Syndrome: A rare genetic disorder characterized by short stature, congenital heart defects skin anomalies and frontal bossing.
  • Catel-Manzke Syndrome: A rare genetic disorder characterized by a small jaw, cleft palate and an extra bone at the base of the pointer finger.
  • Cerebrocostomandibular Syndrome: A rare genetic disorder characterized by a very small jaw, abnormal rib development and a small thorax as well as other abnormalities.
  • Chromosome 8 recombinant syndrome: A rare recombinant chromosomal disorder involving chromosome 8 which results in various abnormalities.
  • Chromosome 8 trisomy syndrome: A rare chromosomal disorder where there are three copies of chromosome 8 rather than the normal two which results in various abnormalities.
  • Coffin-Lowry syndrome: A rare genetic disorder characterized by down slanting space between eyelids, bulbous nose, soft hands and tapering fingers.
  • Cohen Syndrome: A rare genetic disorder characterized by reduced muscle tone, obesity and prominent front teeth.
  • Congenital syphilis: Syphilis inherited from mother during pregnancy.
  • Cornelia de Lange Syndrome: A very rare disorder involving delayed physical development and various malformations involving the head, face and limbs. The severity of symptoms is variable.
  • Corpus callosum agenesis -- blepharophimosis -- Robin sequence: A very rare syndrome characterized by abnormal brain development, various facial anomalies, heart defects and other symptoms.
  • Cri-du-chat syndrome: A rare genetic disorder where a small portion of the short arm (p) of chromosome 5 is missing. The condition is characterized by a high-pitched cry which is similar to a cat's cry.
  • Developmental problems: Physical or mental development difficulty.
  • DiGeorge syndrome: 22q11.2 deletion syndrome is a genetic disorder which can result in a vast array of symptoms. Various names have been used to describe different manifestations of the syndrome. Di George Syndrome primarily involves an underdeveloped thymus and parathyroid glands which results in lowered immunity low blood calcium levels respectively. Another primary feature is heart defects. Various other variable features are also present. It is not uncommon for patients to have more than one of the 22q11.2 deletion syndrome subtypes which can make diagnosis confusing - other subtypes include Sphrintzen syndrome, Caylor cardiofacial syndrome and CATCH 22.
  • DiGeorge's syndrome: Rare form of primary immune deficiency
  • Diamond-Blackfan anemia: Diamond-Blackfan anemia is a rare genetic condition where the bone marrow is unable to make sufficient red blood cells which leads low levels of red blood cells. There are eight subtypes of the condition which differ in the location of the genetic defect and the incidence of additional symptoms such as malformations. The severity of symptoms is variable but most cases are serious.
  • Diastrophic dysplasia: A rare genetic disorder characterized by short stature as well as skeletal, spine and ear abnormalities.
  • Dubowitz Syndrome: A rare genetic and developmental disorder characterized by infantile eczema, small stature, microcephaly and peculiar facial features.
  • Face symptoms: Symptoms affecting the face
  • Fetal alcohol syndrome: A condition which occurs in a new born fetus and is caused by the mother consuming excess alcohol during her pregnancy
  • Frank-Ter Haar syndrome: A rare genetic bone disorder characterized by skeletal abnormalities, enlarged corneas and characteristic facial abnormalities.
  • Growth symptoms: Symptoms related to poor or excessive growth.
  • Head symptoms: Symptoms affecting the head or brain
  • Hypertelorism with esophageal abnormality and hypospadias: A congenital disorder characterized by distinctive facial features, genital abnormalities, esophageal defect and difficulty swallowing. Males are more severely affected than females.
  • Infant symptoms: Symptoms affecting babies and infants.
  • Isotretinoin -- Teratogenic Agent: There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Isotretinoin (an acne treatment drug) during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Juvenile idiopathic arthritis: A group of chronic inflammatory joint disorders that affects children. The condition generally involves periods of time where the condition is active followed by periods of abatement of symptoms. In some cases, the condition can be systemic and can cause symptoms such as fever and rash with organ involvement. There are three main types of juvenile idiopathic arthritis - oligoarticular, polyarticular and systemic (Still's disease).
  • Lathosterolosis: A very rare disorder where an enzyme (sterol C5-desaturase) deficiency prevents the normal synthesis of cholesterol in the body. The deficiency causes various malformations, mental retardation and liver disease.
  • Loeys-Dietz syndrome: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by a bulge in the aorta (aneurysm), wide set eyes, cleft palate, divided uvula and twisted arteries.
  • Lujan-Fryns syndrome: A rare genetic disorder characterized by mental retardation and marfanoid habitus (features of Marfan's syndrome).
  • Marden-Walker Syndrome: A rare genetic disorder characterized by blepharophimosis, joint contractures and fixed facial expression.
  • Marfan syndrome: A genetic connective tissue disorder involving a defect of chromosome 15q21.1 which affects the production of the fibrillin needed to make connective tissue.
  • Marfan's syndrome: A genetic connective tissue disorder involving a defect of chromosome 15q21.1 which affects the production of the fibrillin needed to make connective tissue.
  • Massa-Casaer-Ceulemans syndrome: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by abnormal brain development (lissencephaly - smooth brain) and multiple joint contractures at birth.
  • Micrognathia with Peromelia: A rare syndrome characterized mainly by the association of a missing tongue with missing fingers or toes. Peromelia is a medical term for the congenital defect involving missing or malformed hands and/or feet. Other malformations are also variably present.
  • Micrognathism in children: Micrognathism in children refers to a child who has an unusually small jaw.
  • Miller-Dieker syndrome: A rare genetic disorder characterized by a smooth brain surface. The condition occurs because of deletion of genetic material from the short arm of chromosome 17 ath a particular location (17p13.3).
  • Mouth symptoms: Symptoms of the mouth or oral area.
  • Multiple pterygium syndrome: A very rare disorder characterized by webbing of various parts of the body, contractures, short stature, fusion of neck vertebrae and facial anomalies.
  • Myopathy, congenital nonprogressive with Moebius and Robin sequences: A rare inherited disorder characterized by nonprogressive muscle weakness from birth as well as the Moebius (congenital facial palsy with impaired ability to move eyes) and Pierre Robin sequence (underdeveloped jaw, cleft soft palate, abnormal tongue position).
  • Noonan Syndrome: A rare genetic disorder characterized by a webbed neck, chest deformity, undescended testes and pulmonic stenosis.
  • Oral facial digital syndrome, type 4: A rare inherited disorder characterized by facial, digital and oral abnormalities. Type IV is differentiated from the other types by the presence of severe shinbone deformity.
  • Oto-palato-digital syndrome, type 2: A rare genetic disorder characterized by head, face, mouth and bone abnormalities.
  • Pallister-Hall Syndrome: A rare genetic disorder characterized by hypothalamic hamartoblastoma, hypopituitarism, imperforate anus and polydactyly.
  • Patau syndrome: A chromosomal disorder where there are three number 13 chromosomes as opposed to the normal two. The condition causes mental retardation and heart, kidney and scalp defects. Survival rate is very poor.
  • Pierre-Robin syndrome with fetal chondrodysplasia: A very rare inherited disorder involving bone growth abnormalities, impaired hearing and a characteristic face.
  • Progeria: A rare fatal genetic disorder characterized by extremely premature aging.
  • Rothmund-Thomson Syndrome: A syndrome which is characterized by atrophy, pigmentation and telangiectasia of the skin.
  • Rubella congenital syndrome: The transplacental infection of a fetus with rubella
  • Schwartz-Jampel Syndrome: A rare genetic disorder characterized by myotonia, blepharophimosis and joint limitation.
  • Scott Craniodigital Syndrome: A condition which is characterized by deformities of the cranium and fingers
  • Seckel syndrome: A rare condition characterized by fetal and postnatal growth retardation, mental retardation and characteristic facial features.
  • Silver-Russell dwarfism: A very rare growth disorder characterized by very small stature (dwarfism), skeletal asymmetry and small incurved fifth finger.
  • Skeletal symptoms: Symptoms affecting the skeletal system such as the bones.
  • Skull symptoms: Symptoms affecting the skull surrounding the brain.
  • Smith-Lemli-Opitz Syndrome: A rare genetic condition involving a severe defect in the process of cholesterol synthesis resulting in low cholesterol levels in cells but high levels of the chemicals that are made into cholesterol.
  • Stickler Syndrome: A rare genetic disorder characterized by joint problems, distinctive facial characteristics and eye and ear abnormalities.
  • TAR syndrome: A rare genetic disorder characterized by the absence of radial bones of both forearms and thrombocytopenia.
  • Treacher-Collins Syndrome: A rare genetic disorder characterized by malar hypoplasia, down-slanting palpebral fissures, defect of lower eye lid and malformation of external ear.
  • Trichorhinophalangeal syndrome type 1: A rare genetic disorder characterized by bulbous nose, sparse hair and coning of epiphyses.
  • Trichorhinophalangeal syndrome type 3: A rare inherited disorder involving hair, face, teeth, and bone abnormalities. The type and severity of symptoms is variable.
  • Turner Syndrome: Rare chromosome syndrome with one X but no second X or Y chromosome.
  • Van Bogaert-Hozay syndrome: A rare disorder characterized by destruction of ends of finger bones, mental retardation, skin wasting and eye and facial abnormalities.
  • Wolf-Hirschhorn Syndrome: A syndrome which is caused by a partial deletion of the short arm of chromosome 4.
  • Yunis Varon syndrome: A multisystem genetic disease that affects the skeletal system in particular
  • Zellweger Syndrome: Zellweger spectrum disorders are a group of rare, genetic, multisystem disorders that were once thought to be separate entities. These disorders are now classified as different expressions (variants) of one disease process. Collectively, they form a spectrum or continuum of disease. Zellweger syndrome is the most severe form; neonatal adrenoleukodystrophy is the intermediate form; and infantile Refsum disease is the mildest form.

Conditions listing medical symptoms: Micrognathism:

The following list of conditions have 'Micrognathism' or similar listed as a symptom in our database. This computer-generated list may be inaccurate or incomplete. Always seek prompt professional medical advice about the cause of any symptom.

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