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The most effective treatment plan for migraine uses a multifaceted approach. Treatment plans are also individualized to best address the specific triggers and severity of the migraine, the patient's age, medical history, and other factors.
Treatment of migraine begins with prevention. This includes diagnosing and avoiding the underlying triggers of a migraine, such as eating aged cheese or drinking red wine. This involves keeping a migraine log or diary to record the timing, symptoms, and the types of situations that occurred or substances that were ingested before the migraine occurred.
A migraine log also records any auras that occur just before a migraine. This helps a person to recognize an oncoming migraine and begin early treatment. The type of treatment and its results are also recorded to help pinpoint the most effective treatment for an individual.
Medications commonly used to treat migraine include over-the-counter anti-inflammatory medications. These include acetaminophen (Tylenol) and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), such as ibuprofen (Advil), naproxen, and aspirin. All of these drugs can cause serious side effects in some people and should be taken only as directed.
Many people with migraines report a sudden overwhelming fatigue and need to lie down in a dark, quiet room to sleep. A nap combined with taking some form of over-the-counter medication might be all it takes to minimize or even eliminate a migraine completely for some people.
If this treatment is not effective, medications that may be prescribed include vasoconstrictors, which constrict dilated blood vessels in the brain. These include ergot alkaloids and sumatriptan (Imitrex), and serotonin receptor agonists. Drugs may also be prescribed to control nausea and vomiting.
Narcotics, such as morphine or Dilaudid, are generally not recommended for long-term treatment of migraines because of the potential for dependence.
Some of the possible treatments for Migraine from various sources may include:
The following treatments are listed for Migraine in our knowledge base:
Alternative treatments, home remedies, other other complementary therapies that have been listed as possibly helpful for Migraine in various sources may include:
Some of the drugs and medications used in the treatment of Migraine may include:
Unlabelled alternative drug treatments for Migraine may include:
The following medications/drugs/procedures are some of the latest treatments for Migraine:
Review the treatment information pages for various causes of Migraine:
More causes: not all possible causes for Migraine are listed above; for a full list refer to causes of Migraine.
Only your doctor can advise whether any of these treatments are appropriate for your specific medical situation. Always discuss all treatment options with your doctor before making a decision, including whether to start or discontinue any treatment plan.
The following list of conditions have 'Migraine' or similar listed as a symptom in our database. This computer-generated list may be inaccurate or incomplete. Always seek prompt professional medical advice about the cause of any symptom.
Select from the following alphabetical view of conditions which include a symptom of Migraine or choose View All.
The following list of medical conditions have 'Migraine'
or similar listed as a medical complication in our database.
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