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Muscle cramps Assessment Questionnaire

Questions Your Doctor May Ask - and Why!

During a consultation, your doctor will use various techniques to assess the symptom: Muscle cramps. These will include a physical examination and possibly diagnostic tests. (Note: A physical exam is always done, diagnostic tests may or may not be performed depending on the suspected condition) Your doctor will ask several questions when assessing your condition. It is important to openly share any pertinent information to help your doctor make an accurate diagnosis.

It is also very important to bring an up-to-date list of all of your all medical conditions, medications including dosages, and names of numbers of any specialist you see.

Create your printable checklist by answering questions that your doctor may ask below:

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  1. How long have you had muscle cramps?

    Why: to determine if acute or chronic.

  2. What exactly do you mean by cramps?

    Why: Cramps are painful muscle spasms.

  3. Which muscles in the body are involved?

    Why: e.g. Forearm cramps suggest motor neurone disease. Cramp in the legs are common, especially at night and after exercise. Cramps in the legs are only occasionally a symptom of disease, in particular salt depletion, lack of blood flow to a muscle and disease of a muscle (myopathy). Writer's cramp is the specific compliant of an inability to perform the motor act of writing.

  4. When do the cramps occur?

    Why: e.g. at night, in bed, after exercise.

  5. Is there a simple explanation for the muscle cramps?

    Why: e.g. exertion, exercise, excessive perspiration, heat exhaustion, heat stroke, pregnancy.

  6. Exercise history?

    Why: excessive physical exercise and excessive perspiration may cause muscle cramps.

  7. Fluid intake?

    Why: dehydration may cause muscle cramps.

  8. History of injury or trauma?

    Why: muscular injury may cause cramps.

  9. Risk factors for leg muscle cramps?

    Why: e.g. pregnancy, motor neurone disease, low sodium, hemodialysis, renal failure, diabetes, dehydration, thyroiditis, after exertion in a hot environment (heat cramps).

  10. Risk factors for peripheral vascular disease?

    Why: e.g. cigarette smoking, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, diabetes, atrial fibrillation, family history - may indicate intermittent claudication as cause for leg pain (leg pain is not typical leg cramps).

  11. Past medical history?

    Why: e.g motor neurone disease, kidney failure, diabetes, thyroiditis.

  12. Medications?

    Why: some diuretic medications may cause muscle cramps.

  13. Symptoms of polymyositis and dermatomyositis?

    Why: e.g. muscle weakness, especially in thighs and upper arms, muscle aches, muscle cramps, joint pain, Raynaud's phenomenon, difficulty with swallowing. Dermatomyositis also features a characteristic violet colored rash over the eyelids, forehead, cheeks, hands, knees and elbows.

  14. Symptoms of chronic renal failure?

    Why: e.g. tiredness, reduced appetite, insomnia, frequency of urination, nausea, vomiting, muscle cramps.

  15. Symptoms of Diabetes mellitus?

    Why: e.g. frequency of urination, excessive thirst, weight loss (especially in Type 1 Diabetes mellitus), tiredness, fatigue, increased infections especially of the skin and genitals, blurry vision, muscle cramps.

  16. Symptoms of progressive muscular atrophy?

    Why: e.g. muscle wasting and weakness usually beginning in the small muscles of one hand and then spreads throughout the arm, wasting soon follows on the opposite side, muscle cramps may occur. Muscle fasciculations (irregular contractions of small areas of muscle which have no rhythmical pattern) are present at rest but not during voluntary movement).

Conditions listing medical symptoms: Muscle cramps:

The following list of conditions have 'Muscle cramps' or similar listed as a symptom in our database. This computer-generated list may be inaccurate or incomplete. Always seek prompt professional medical advice about the cause of any symptom.

Select from the following alphabetical view of conditions which include a symptom of Muscle cramps or choose View All.

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Conditions listing medical complications: Muscle cramps:

The following list of medical conditions have 'Muscle cramps' or similar listed as a medical complication in our database.


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