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Diagnostic Tests for Muscle pain

Diagnostic Test list for Muscle pain:

The list of diagnostic tests mentioned in various sources as used in the diagnosis of Muscle pain includes:

  • Physical examination
    • Inspect muscles involved for muscle wasting which may indicate a primary muscle disease, wasting due to disuse or pathology of the nerve supplying the muscle
    • Feel muscles involved to help determine if pain is originating from the muscles or actually from deeper structures such as bone
    • Peripheral nervous system examination including muscular tone, power, reflexes and coordination
    • Feel the pulses in the legs - if reduced or absent should suggest arterial embolism, peripheral atherosclerosis (hardening of the arteries) or obstruction of the abdominal aorta and its branches by.
    • Atherosclerosis
    • Inspect for signs of peripheral vascular disease - e.g. reduced or absent pulses, cool pale extremities, loss of hair on lower feet and legs, ulcers on foot, gangrene of skin on toes.
    • Mental state examination (to detect possible depression) - including appearance, behavior, rate and continuity of speech, mood, affect, thought content, evidence of any hallucinations or abnormal beliefs, orientation to time, place and person, attention and concentration, short-term memory, insight and judgement.
  • Blood tests
    • Full blood count and ESR
    • Electrolytes (to detect low potassium, low sodium and low calcium which may cause generalized muscle aches)
    • ANA autoantibodies to detect systemic lupus erythematosus
    • Muscle enzymes, if suspect muscle disease
    • Trichinella antibodies, if suspected
  • Urine tests
    • 24 hour Urine creatine and Creatinine (if suspect muscle disease)
    • Porphyrins and porphobilinogen, in difficult diagnostic cases
    • 24 hour potassium, sodium or calcium
  • Radiological investigations
    • Doppler studies and arteriography, if peripheral pulses are absent or reduced
  • Muscle biopsy - may be necessary to diagnose dermatomyositis, trichinosis, cysticercosis.
  • Electromyogram (EMG) and nerve conduction studies - may be helpful in both muscular disease and peripheral neuropathy.
  • Spinal tap - will help diagnose poliomyelitis, meningitis and Guillain-Barre syndrome.

Home Diagnostic Testing

These home medical tests may be relevant to Muscle pain causes:

Conditions listing medical symptoms: Muscle pain:

The following list of conditions have 'Muscle pain' or similar listed as a symptom in our database. This computer-generated list may be inaccurate or incomplete. Always seek prompt professional medical advice about the cause of any symptom.

Select from the following alphabetical view of conditions which include a symptom of Muscle pain or choose View All.

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Conditions listing medical complications: Muscle pain:

The following list of medical conditions have 'Muscle pain' or similar listed as a medical complication in our database.


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