Glossary for Muscle spasticity
Medical terms related to Muscle spasticity or mentioned in this section include:
- Abnormal rigidity: rigidity describes an increase in muscle tone, leading to a resistance to passive movement throughout the range of motion
- Acanthocytosis: A rare disorder where most of the red blood cells are abnormal with spiny projections due to lipid abnormalities. The blood abnormality is seen in conditions such as abetalipoproteinemia, severe liver disease and severe malnutrition. Symptoms and prognosis depend on the underlying disorder.
- Aceruloplasminemia: A rare genetic disorder characterized by a lack of the protein ceruloplasmin in the blood resulting in a buildup of iron in the liver, brain and pancreas. This in turn causes diabetes and degeneration of the neural system causing tremors and walking abnormalities.
- Acute rheumatic fever: Bacterial joint infection with risk of heart complications.
- Adrenoleukodystrophy: A rare hereditary metabolic disease that only occurs in male children and is characterized by adrenal atrophy and extensive cerebral demyelination causing progressive loss of mental functioning, aphasia, apraxia and sometimes blindness. The patient usually dies within 5 years.
- Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis: A degenerative motor neuron disease marked by weakness and wasting of the muscles which starts at the hands and legs and spreads to the rest of the body. Death occurs in 2 to 5 years. Also called Lou Gehrig's disease or wasting palsy.
- Arterial occlusive disease: A condition which is characterized by occlusion of arterioles
- Astrocytoma: A malignant tumour of the nervous system composed of astrocytes.
- Brain symptoms: Symptoms affecting the brain
- Carotid artery stenosis:
- Cerebral Palsy: Any brain disorder causing movement disability
- Cerebrovascular accident: Brain-related symptoms of bleeding or blockage.
- Codeine overdose: Codeine is a prescription drug mainly used to treat pain. Excessive doses of the drug can result in various symptoms and even death in severe cases.
- Death Camas poisoning: The Death Camas is a plant from the lily family. It contains a toxic chemical called zygacine. Young plants tend to be more toxic than older plants. It is most often found in dry areas of Western US. The bulb is often confused with edible wild onions - eating one or two bulbs can cause symptoms and all parts of the plant are poisonous.
- Dehydration: Loss and reduction in body water levels
- Disc Disorders: Disorders that affect the discs of the spine
- Dravet syndrome: A rare, severe form of generalized infant epilepsy that starts after a fever. Initial infant development is normal but once the seizures start, psychomotor development slows and mental decline occurs. The seizures usually occur every month or two to start with.
- Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy: An inherited degenerative disease of the muscles which progresses rapidly compared to other muscle wasting diseases.
- Dystonia: Dystonia is a neurological disorder that causes involuntary contractions of muscles in a repetitive, twisting manner.
- Encephaloceles: Improper protrusions of parts of the meninges and brain.
- Encephalopathy: Any degenerative condition which affects ones brain
- Eosinophilia-myalgia syndrome: A life-threatening condition caused by ingesting tryptophan.
- Guillain-Barre Syndrome: An acute condition which is characterized by polyradiculoneuropathy that affects the peripheral nervous system
- Head symptoms: Symptoms affecting the head or brain
- Hepatic encephalopathy syndrome: A rare syndrome involving the association of advanced liver disease and neurological problems.
- Heroin overdose: Heroin is an illegal and highly addictive recreational drug. Excessive doses of the drug can result in various symptoms and even death in severe cases.
- Hypocalcemia: Low blood calcium levels
- Injury: Any damage inflicted in the body
- Juvenile myoclonic epilepsy: A form of epilepsy that occurs in teenagers and involves sudden muscle jerking and seizures which is especially common on awakening.
- Kernicterus: Kernicterus refers to neurological damage (brain damage) resulting from the passageof bilirubin through the immature blood brain barrier in infants. It can occur in jaundiced infants but not all jaundiced infants will develop kernicterus.
- Kidney failure: The inability of the kidney to function correctly in its function of excreting metabolites from the blood
- Kidney symptoms: Symptoms affecting one or both kidneys.
- Laurence-Moon Syndrome: A rare inherited disorder characterized by vision loss, impaired hormone production, mental retardation and spastic paraplegia.
- Lortab overdose: Lortab is a prescription drug used to treat. Excessive doses of the drug can result in various symptoms and even death in severe cases.
- Methadone overdose: Methadone is a prescription drug mainly used as a painkiller and to treat heroin addiction. Excessive doses of the drug can result in various symptoms and even death in severe cases.
- Microcephaly: A smaller than average brain
- Movement symptoms: Changes to movement or motor abilities
- Multiple Sclerosis: Autoimmune attack on spinal nerves causing diverse and varying neural problems.
- Muscle conditions: Any condition that affects the muscles of the body
- Muscle pain: Aches or pains affecting the muscles
- Muscle spasticity affecting both sides of the body: Muscle spasticity affecting both sides of the body refers to involuntary continuous contractions of the muscles of both sides of the body.
- Muscle spasticity of one side of the body: Muscle spasticity of one side of the body is a condition in which there are continuous contractions of the muscles of one side of the body.
- Muscle symptoms: Symptoms affecting the muscles of the body
- Musculoskeletal symptoms: Symptoms affecting muscles or bones of the skeleton.
- Neck Spasm: Contraction of muscles in the neck causing a spasm.
- Nerve symptoms: Symptoms affecting the nerves
- Neurological symptoms: Any symptoms that are caused by neurological conditions
- Nyssen-Van Bogaert-Meyer syndrome: A very rare genetic disorder characterized by progressive degeneration of the central nervous system.
- Polio: Dangerous virus now rare due to vaccination.
- Poliomyelitis: Dangerous virus now rare due to vaccination.
- Pontocerebellar Hypoplasia Type 6: A rare inherited condition where the brainstem and part of the brain (cerebellum) is abnormally small.
- Porencephaly: A central nervous system disorder involving cysts in the brain cortex caused by stroke, infection or genetic anomaly.
- Pyruvate dehydrogenase phosphatase deficiency: A genetic disease involving an enzyme deficiency which causes exercise intolerance and mild developmental delay. Symptoms are variable.
- Quinidine toxicity: The toxic reaction of the body to the substance,
possibly via allergic reaction or overdose.
- Rabies: An infectious disease that can affect any mammal including humans and is transmitted through the saliva of an infected animal. The infectious agent is the Neurotropic lyssavirus which affects the salivary gland and also causes neurological symptoms.
- Ramon Syndrome: A rare genetic condition characterized by cherubism, enlarged gums, epilepsy, mental deficiency and excessive body hair (hypertrichosis).
- Respiratory alkalosis: A condition caused by excessive loss of carbon dioxide from the body.
- Restless leg syndrome: irrestible urge to move one's body to stop uncomfortable or odd sensation
- Rett's syndrome: Autism-like behavioral syndrome in infant girls
- Spastic disorders: Brain disorders leading to sustained spasms, stiffness and rigidity
- Spasticity: When there are hypertonic movements of the muscles and they are stiff
- Spinal cord injury: spinal cord injury causes myelopathy or damage to white matter or myelinated fiber tracts that carry sensation and motor signals to and from the brain
- Stroke symptoms: Brain-related symptoms of bleeding or blockage.
- Tetanus: A disease caused by chemicals which are produced by a bacterium (clostridium tetani) and are toxic to the nerves. The infection usually occurs when the bacteria enter the body through a deep wound - these bacteria are anaerobic and hence don't need oxygen to survive.
- Trypanosomiasis, east-African: A rare infectious disease caused by a parasite called Trypanosoma brucei rhodesiense and is transmitted through the bite of an infected Tsetse fly. The infection causes an acute illness with symptoms occurring from days to weeks after infection. Death relatively common, especially in untreated cases.
- Wallenberg's Syndrome: A rare neurological condition caused by a stroke (involving the cerebellar artery) and resulting in symptoms such as facial paralysis or weakness on one side of body.
Conditions listing medical symptoms: Muscle spasticity:
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