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Symptoms » Myopathy » Glossary
 

Glossary for Myopathy

Medical terms related to Myopathy or mentioned in this section include:

  • Abdominal symptoms: Symptoms affecting the abdomen or digestive tract
  • Aconitase deficiency: A rare disorder where deficiency of an enzyme called aconitase results in muscle disease and intolerance to exercise.
  • Adrenal gland symptoms: Symptoms affecting the adrenal glands
  • Alcohol abuse: Excessive alcohol as a symptom of other conditions
  • Alcoholism: High dependence on excessive amounts of alcohol.
  • Aldolase A deficiency: A rare condition where a deficiency of the enzyme called aldolase A causes muscle problems and anemia.
  • Amyloidosis: A disease characterized by the accumulation of insoluble amyloid protein in tissues and organs which in turn affects the functioning of these tissues and organs.
  • Arnold Stickler Bourne syndrome: A very rare syndrome characterized by muscle problems in hands, mouth and pharynx, kidney anomalies and corneal crystals.
  • Arthrogryposis due to muscular dystrophy: A rare disorder where a non-progressive muscle disease results in the presence of multiple joint contractures at birth.
  • Atorvastatin -- Teratogenic Agent: There is strong evidence to indicate that exposure to Atorvastatin during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Barth Syndrome: A rare genetic disorder where the body's cells are unable to make sufficient energy resulting in an accumulation in the body of 3-methylglutaconic acid. Type 2 is characterized by its affects on the heart.
  • Becker Muscular Dystrophy: A muscular dystrophy charaterised by enlargement of muscles
  • Bethlem myopathy: A rare, slow-progressing, genetic muscle disorder where the muscle gradually weaken and become wasted.
  • Body symptoms: Symptoms affecting the entire body features.
  • Borud Syndrome: A very rare syndrome characterized by numerous features including hearing and vision problems, heart muscle disease, ataxia and peripheral neuropathy.
  • Brown Recluse spider poisoning: The Brown Recluse spider is poisonous and is found mainly in southern and central areas of the US.
  • Cardiomyopathy with myopathy due to COX deficency: A rare condition where an enzyme (cytochrome c oxidase) deficiency results in muscle disease which also affects the heart.
  • Carnitine palmitoyl transferase 2 deficiency: A very rare inherited deficiency of a particular enzyme (Carnitine palmitoyl transferase) which prevents fatty acids being transported to the part of the cell that converts it to energy. There are two main subtypes of the disorder with each involving a slightly different form of the enzyme. Type I can be readily managed through diet. Type II has three subtypes: the myopathic form affects mainly the muscles; the hepatocardiomuscular form affects the liver and heart muscle; and the lethal neonatal form affects muscles and organs and usually results in death during the first year of life.
  • Cataract and cardiomyopathy: A rare syndrome characterized by the association of congenital cataracts, heart muscle disease, lactic acidosis and skeletal muscle disease. The disorder involves the abnormal storage of lipids and glycogen in the skeletal and heart muscles. The cataracts progress rapidly and require surgery. The severity of the disorder ranges from stillbirth to survival into the fourth decade.
  • Centronuclear myopathy, congenital: A severe inherited form of muscle wasting disease which often results in infant death.
  • Chemical poisoning -- Phencyclidine: Phencyclidine is often used as an illegal recreational drug. Ingestion and other exposures to the chemical can cause various symptoms. The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the amount of chemical involved and the nature of the exposure.
  • Chloroquine -- Teratogenic Agent: There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Chloroquine (an antimalarial drug) during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Christian's syndrome 1: A rare recessively inherited syndrome characterized by premature skull fusion, cleft palate, permanently flexed fingers and various other anomalies.
  • Complex 2 mitochondrial respiratory chain deficiency: A rare genetic defect where an enzyme deficiency (succinate CoQ reductase) disrupts cellular processes. The deficiency may result variable symptoms and condition including conditions such as Leigh's syndrome, myopathy and Kearns-Sayre syndrome.
  • Congenital disorder of glycosylation type 2D: Congenital disorders of glycosylation is a group of very rare inherited metabolic disorder where defective carbohydrate compounds are attached to glycoproteins and thus impairing glycoprotein function. Type 2d is caused by a defect on chromosome 9p13 and involves a defect in the gene for beta-1,4-galactosyltransferase.
  • Congenital myopathy: A very rare inherited disorder where muscles are overly-responsive to stimuli because of an abnormality in the muscle membranes. It causes prolonged muscle contraction which is muscle stiffness. The two main forms of myotonia congenital are Thomsen and Becker disease which are respectively inherited dominantly and recessively.
  • Cushing's disease: A condition of hyperadrenocorticism which is secondary to excessive pituitary secretion of ACTH. Cushing's disease is different to Cushing's syndrome which refers to the effects of glucocorticoid excess from any cause.
  • Cushing's syndrome: Symptoms similar to those of Cushing's disease
  • Cushing-like symptoms: Symptoms similar to those of Cushing's disease
  • Dermatomyositis: A muscle disease characterized by chronic muscle inflammation resulting in progressive muscle weakness and a characteristic rash.
  • Desmin related myopathy: A very rare neuromuscular disorder involving the buildup of a certain protein called desmin in various muscles. The severity and rate of progression of the disorder is variable.
  • Diabetes-like symptoms: Symptoms similar to those of diabetes
  • Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy: An inherited degenerative disease of the muscles which progresses rapidly compared to other muscle wasting diseases.
  • Emery-Dreifuss Muscular Dystrophy 2: A rare inherited condition characterized mainly by slowly progressive muscle wasting which tends to start during childhood as well as joint contractures and heart conduction defects. Type 2 is linked to a defect on chromosome 1q21.2. Because the condition is inherited in an autosomal dominant manner so males and females may be affected.
  • Emery-Dreifuss Muscular Dystrophy 3: A rare inherited condition characterized mainly by slowly progressive muscle wasting which tends to start during childhood as well as joint contractures. Type 3 is linked to a defect on chromosome 1q21.2. Because the condition is inherited in an autosomal recessive manner so males and females may be affected. Type 3 tends to not have any heart involvement.
  • Emery-Dreifuss muscular dystrophy, X-linked: A muscle wasting disorder mainly involving the muscles in the arms, legs, face, neck, spine and heart. Symptoms generally only occur in males but female carriers may have some symptoms.
  • Emery-Dreifuss muscular dystrophy, dominant type: A rare disorder characterized by slowly-progressing weakness and wasting of skeletal and heart muscles. The dominant form of the disease is associated with greater variability of symptoms.
  • Ethanol -- Teratogenic Agent: There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Ethanol during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Face symptoms: Symptoms affecting the face
  • Forbes disease: A rare inherited glycogen storage disease caused by a deficiency of the enzyme amylo-1,6-glucosidase resulting in a build up of glycogen in the liver and muscles.
  • Freeman-Sheldon Syndrome: A very rare genetic disorder characterized by abnormal development of the skeleton and muscles.
  • Gigantism: Gigantism refers to abnormally high linear growth due to excessive action of insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) while the epiphyseal growth plates are open during childhood.
  • Glycogen branching deficiency: A rare metabolic disorder where an enzyme deficiency (glycogen branching enzyme) results in a harmful buildup of glycogen byproducts in the liver, muscle and even the heart in some cases. The severity of symptoms is variable depending on the degree of enzyme deficiency and how strictly treatment measures are adhered to.
  • Glycogen debranching deficiency: A rare metabolic disorder where an enzyme deficiency (amylo-1,6-glucosidase) results in a harmful buildup of glycogen byproducts in the liver, muscle and even the heart in some cases. The severity of symptoms is variable depending on the degree of enzyme deficiency and how strictly treatment measures are adhered to.
  • Glycogen storage diseases: A condition which is characterized by a defect in the ability of the body to store glycogen
  • Glycogenosis type 2: A rare inherited biochemical disorder involving the harmful accumulation of certain chemicals (glycogen) in body tissues due to the deficiency of an enzyme (?-glucosidase or acid maltase) needed to break it down. The severity of the condition is variable and onset may occur during infancy, childhood or adulthood.
  • Head symptoms: Symptoms affecting the head or brain
  • Hypercalcemia: Raised blood calcium levels
  • Hyperglycerolemia: A genetic condition where an enzyme deficiency (glycerol kinase) results in an accumulation of glycerol in the body as well as it's excretion through the urine.
  • Hyperkalemia: Abnormally high levels of potassium in the blood
  • Hypermagnesemia: An excess in the amount of magnesium in the body
  • Hyperparathyroidism: Increased secretion of parathyroid hormone from the parathyroid glands.
  • Hyperthyroidism: The excessive activity of the thyroid gland
  • Hypocalcaemia: Decreased concentration of calcium in the blood.
  • Hypokalaemia: Decreased concentration of potassium in the blood
  • Hypokalemia: Abnormally low levels of potassium in the blood.
  • Hypokalemic periodic paralysis: A rare inherited muscle condition characterized by periods of severe muscle weakness or paralysis which can last from hours to days. Episodes can occur as often as daily or only rarely.
  • Hyponatremia: An electrolyte disturbance involving low sodium levels in the blood. Symptoms are determined by the degree of imbalance. Very low sodium levels can cause water intoxication which can be very dangerous.
  • Hypothyroidism: The decreased activity of the thyroid gland
  • Inclusion body myopathy, 2 autosomal recessive: A very rare, recessively inherited genetic disorder involving progressive muscle weakness and wasting in the arms and legs. The distinctive feature of this particular disorder is the fact that that the thigh muscles are usually spared.
  • Kearns-Sayre Syndrome: A rare neuromuscular disorder characterized by pigmented deposits on the retina, heart disease and progressive paralysis of some eye muscles.
  • Lactate dehydrogenase deficiency: An inherited genetic muscle disease where an enzyme deficiency (lactate dehydrogenase) affects the normal processes that convert carbohydrates from food into energy which affects muscles. Lactate dehydrogenase facilitates the conversion of lactate to pyruvate and vice versa.
  • Limb-Girdle muscular dystrophy type 2A: An autosomal recessive form of limb-girdle muscular dystrophy where muscle weakness and atrophy is caused by mutations of the Calpain-3 gene.
  • Limb-girdle Muscular Dystrophy: A condition which is characterized by a slowly progressive muscular dystrophy
  • Lundberg II syndrome: A rare syndrome involving cataracts, reduced hormone production by ovaries or testes and myopathy which mainly involves the facial and muscles close to the trunk.
  • MELAS: A mitochondrial disorder characterized by stroke-like episodes, headaches, vomiting and other neurological symptoms.
  • Malignant hyperthermia: A very rare genetic disorder where sufferers suffer episodes of adverse reactions when certain anesthetics or muscle relaxants are administered.
  • Marinesco-Sjogren syndrome: A group of recessively inherited disorder characterized mainly by incoordination due to a brain anomaly.
  • Marinesco-Sjogren-like syndrome (MSLS): A very rare disorder characterized by cataracts (during childhood), mental retardation, muscle weakness and brain degeneration. The disorder is very similar to another syndrome called Marinesco-Sjogren syndrome.
  • Mitochondrial diseases: Any of a group of mitochondrial disorders affecting cell metabolism and especially muscles.
  • Mitochondrial neurogastrointestinal encephalopathy syndrome: A rare genetic disorder which affects a number of body systems and manifests results in symptoms such as droopy eyelids, progressive eye muscle weakness, gastrointestinal dysmotility, brain disease, thin body, peripheral neuropathy and muscle disease.
  • Mitochondrial trifunctional protein deficiency: A rare genetic condition where the body is unable to convert certain fats to energy. More specifically, there is insufficient levels of a particular enzyme needed to metabolize a type of fat called long-chain fatty acids.
  • Miyoshi myopathy: A rare genetic condition characterized by slow-progressing muscle weakness and atrophy that starts in the calves and progresses to the rest of the legs and arms. Occasionally the hips and shoulders may be affected but the heart and facial muscles are spared.
  • Molybdenum, cofactor deficiency, inherited: A rare metabolic disorder characterized by excessive levels of xanthine in the urine. It is caused by a deficiency of the enzymes xanthine dehydrogenase (as in xanthinuria type I) and enzyme aldehyde oxidase (as in xanthinuria type II) as well as sulfite oxidase which are needed to metabolize xanthine. The metabolic abnormality causes severe xanthinuria with neurological symptoms. The condition may be an inherited or acquired (due to certain drug therapies) deficiency.
  • Movement symptoms: Changes to movement or motor abilities
  • Muscle symptoms: Symptoms affecting the muscles of the body
  • Muscle weakness: Weakness of the muscles or loss of tone
  • Muscle-eye-brain syndrome: A genetic disease characterized by muscle weakness, congenital brain abnormalities and eye problems as well as other defects.
  • Muscular Dystrophy: Any of various muscle wasting diseases
  • Musculoskeletal symptoms: Symptoms affecting muscles or bones of the skeleton.
  • Myoclonus with epilepsy with ragged red fibers: A rare disorder of mitochondrial metabolism characterized by myoclonic epilepsy and ragged-red muscle fibers. Mitochondria are the part of the body cells that produce energy.
  • Myopathy: Any disease that occurs in the muscle.
  • Myopathy with Deficiency of Succinate Dehydrogenase and Aconitase: A rare disorder where deficiency of an enzyme called aconitase results in muscle disease and intolerance to exercise.
  • Myopathy with Exercise Intolerance, Swedish type: A rare disorder where deficiency of an enzyme called aconitase results in muscle disease and intolerance to exercise.
  • Myopathy with Lactic Acidosis, Hereditary: A rare disorder where deficiency of an enzyme called aconitase results in muscle disease and intolerance to exercise.
  • Myopathy with lactic acidosis and sideroblastic anemia: A rare disorder of the bone marrow and skeletal muscles which manifests as muscle disease and anemia. Progressive intolerance to exercise usually starts during childhood with anemia occurring around adolescence.
  • Myopathy with lysis of myofibrils: A rare muscle disorder where certain muscle cells (type I muscle fibers) are destroyed.
  • Myopathy, Mitochonrdrial Progressive, with Congenital Cataract, Hearing Loss and Developmental Delay: A rare condition characterized by muscle disease, congenital cataracts, hearing loss and developmental delay.
  • Myopathy, congenital nonprogressive with Moebius and Robin sequences: A rare inherited disorder characterized by nonprogressive muscle weakness from birth as well as the Moebius (congenital facial palsy with impaired ability to move eyes) and Pierre Robin sequence (underdeveloped jaw, cleft soft palate, abnormal tongue position).
  • Myopathy, limb-girdle, with bone fragility: A rare inherited disorder characterized by easy bone fracturing, poor healing of fractures and progressive weakness of the limb-girdle muscles. The fractures tend to occur before the muscle problems. The slow-healing fractures sometimes resulted in osteomyelitis and limb amputation.
  • Myotonic Dystrophy: An inherited disorder characterized by progressive muscle weakness and wasting as well as eye defects, heart abnormalities and other anomalies. The severity of the condition is greatly variable. There are two type of myotonic dystrophy with type 1 being more severe than type 2.
  • Native American myopathy: A rare genetic disorder characterized by muscle disease from birth, cleft palate and malignant hyperthermia.
  • Nemaline myopathy 5: A very rare inherited muscle disorder and is characterized by muscle weakness caused by the presence of nemaline rods in the muscle tissue which affects its function. There are at least 7 different subtypes of nemaline myopathy, each with a different genetic defect. The severity of the symptoms may vary greatly even among patients within a particular subtype of the disorder. Type 5 is caused by a defect on the Troponin T1 gene on chromosome 19q13.4.
  • Nerve symptoms: Symptoms affecting the nerves
  • Osteomalacia: Softening of bones caused by a vitamin D deficiency.
  • Polyneuropathy -- Ophthalmoplegia -- Leukoencehalopathy -- Intestinal Pseudo-Obstruction: A rare genetic disorder which affects a number of body systems and manifests results in symptoms such as droopy eyelids, progressive eye muscle weakness, gastrointestinal dysmotility, brain disease, thin body, peripheral neuropathy and muscle disease.
  • Pork tapeworm: A tapeworm infection that is caused from pork
  • Possible human carcinogenic exposure -- Zidovudine: Some evidence indicates that exposure to Zidovudine (an anti-HIV drug) has a possible link to an increased risk of developing cancer in humans. The carcinogenicity of the substance may be influenced by the duration and level of exposure.
  • Prednisolone -- Teratogenic Agent: There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Prednisolone during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Proximal Renal Tubular Acidosis: This is a condition that is characterised by a metabolic acidosis state caused by impairment of a persons renal function
  • Sarcoidosis: Rare autoimmune disease usually affecting the lungs.
  • Scleroatonic muscular dystrophy: An inherited disorder affecting muscles and resulting in muscle weakness and wasting that starts from birth. The joints closest to the body tend to have limited movement whereas those in the hands and feet tend to be hyperextensible.
  • Short-Chain Acyl-CoA Dehydrogenase Deficiency: A rare disorder where the body lacks enzymes needed to convert some fats (short-chain fatty acids) into energy.
  • Simvastatin -- Teratogenic Agent: There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Simvastatin during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Spheroid body myopathy: A slow developing muscle disorder which usually starts during adolescence and causes loss of movement ability.
  • Tel-Hashomer camptodactyly syndrome: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by finger flexion, facial anomalies, short stature and muscle problems.
  • Thyroid eye disease: Thyroid eye disease is an autoimmune eye condition that, while separate from thyroid disease, is often seen in conjunction with Graves' Disease.
  • Triose phosphate-isomerase deficiency: A very rare inherited condition involving a deficiency of triose phosphate-isomerase.
  • Triosephosphate isomerase 1: A rare inherited blood disorder involving a deficiency of red cell triosephosphate isomerase which is involved in the glycolysis (glucose metabolism) process to produce energy. The disorder is characterized by anemia, recurring infection and often progressive neurological degeneration. The severity of the disorder is variable with some patients having central nervous system involvement while others don't.
  • Type III Glycogen Storage Disease: A condition which is characterized by a disease affecting glycogen storage
  • Very-Long-Chain Acyl-CoA Dehydrogenase Deficiency: A rare inherited genetic condition where the body is unable to convert certain fats to energy i.e. there is not enough of a certain enzyme which is needed to metabolize a type of fat called long-chain fatty acids. The build-up of these fatty acids in the body causes damage. There are three subtypes of the disorder each with varying severity: severe early-onset form, an intermediate form and an adult-onset form.
  • Walker-Warburg Syndrome: A rare inherited disorder characterized by brain malformations and retinal and muscle abnormalities.
  • Weakness: Symptoms causing weakness of the body
  • Woods Black Norbury syndrome: A condition that is characterised by immune deficiency in the newborn ultimately resulting in death
  • Xanthine oxidase deficiency type I: A rare metabolic disorder characterized by excessive levels of xanthine in the urine. Type I xanthinuria is caused by a deficiency of the enzyme xanthine dehydrogenase which is needed to metabolize xanthine. The metabolic abnormality primarily causes kidney stones and kidney failure in severe cases.
  • Xanthine oxidase deficiency type II: A rare metabolic disorder characterized by excessive levels of xanthine in the urine. Type II xanthinuria is caused by a deficiency of the enzymes xanthine dehydrogenase and enzyme aldehyde oxidase which are needed to metabolize xanthine. The metabolic abnormality primarily causes kidney stones and kidney failure in severe cases.

Conditions listing medical symptoms: Myopathy:

The following list of conditions have 'Myopathy' or similar listed as a symptom in our database. This computer-generated list may be inaccurate or incomplete. Always seek prompt professional medical advice about the cause of any symptom.

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Conditions listing medical complications: Myopathy:

The following list of medical conditions have 'Myopathy' or similar listed as a medical complication in our database.

 

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