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Diagnostic Tests for Odor symptoms

Diagnostic Test list for Odor symptoms:

The list of diagnostic tests mentioned in various sources as used in the diagnosis of Odor symptoms includes:

  • Note level of self care - may suggest poor hygiene if unkempt and dirty.
  • Note nature of breath odor - if sweet may suggest diabetic ketoacidosis ( sickly sweet smell), alcoholism ( distinctive), liver failure( a sweet smell) and maple syrup urine disease; if unpleasant or foul may suggest renal failure (urine or fish-like breath due to ammonia), anaerobic infections of the mouth, nose, pharynx or chest (putrid) or cigarettes ( distinctive).
  • Examine state of teeth and teeth hygiene and note whether the teeth are real or false - loose fitting teeth may be responsible for mouth ulcers or decayed teeth which may cause breath odor.
  • Remove false teeth for complete examination
  • Blood tests
    • Full blood count and ESR (may suggest infection)
    • Renal function tests ( may suggest renal failure as cause of breath odor)
    • Liver function tests ( may suggest hepatic coma as cause of breath odor)
    • Blood sugar may suggest diabetic ketoacidosis as a cause of breath odor
    • Blood alcohol level to establish if alcoholism may be the cause of the breath odor
  • Urine analysis
    • Glucose and ketones present may suggest diabetic ketoacidosis as cause of breath odor
    • Urine microscopy and culture - may detect urinary tract infection.
  • Culture of the mouth, gums and nasopharynx - may be necessary to diagnose anaerobic infections that may be the cause of breath odor.
  • Sputum microscopy and culture
  • Vaginal or penile discharge swab for culture - if appropriate.
  • Stool tests
    • Stool microscopy for ova, parasites and culture for bacteria
    • Giardia antigen
    • 24 hour Stool analysis of fecal fat - if steatorrhea is present (i.e. fatty, pale colored, extremely smelly stools that float in the toilet and are difficult to flush away due to excess fat in the stool).
  • Radiological investigations
    • X-ray or CT scan of chest or sinuses - if suspect respiratory infection as a cause of breath odor.
    • Esophagogram - will help detect Zenker's diverticulum (a pouch opening from the esophagus) that may cause bad breath odor.

Conditions listing medical symptoms: Odor symptoms:

The following list of conditions have 'Odor symptoms' or similar listed as a symptom in our database. This computer-generated list may be inaccurate or incomplete. Always seek prompt professional medical advice about the cause of any symptom.

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