Glossary for Oral lesions
Medical terms related to Oral lesions or mentioned in this section include:
- Agranulocytosis: Extremely low level of white blood cells (basophils, eosinophils and neutrophils).
- Behcet's syndrome: Recurring inflammation of small blood vessels affecting various areas.
- Breath symptoms: Breath-related symptoms including breath odor
- Breathing symptoms: Symptoms affecting the breathing systems.
- Bullous Pemphigoid: An autoimmune disease characterized by chronic itchy blistering of the skin. Also called pemphigoid.
- Cancer: Abnormal overgrowth of body cells.
- Candidiasis: Fungal infection of moist areas such as mouth or vagina
- Canker sores: Ulcers of the mouth or nearby areas
- Celiac Disease: Digestive intolerance to gluten in the diet.
- Cytomegalovirus: A easily transmissible viral infection that is common but generally causes no symptoms except in infants and people with weakened immune systems.
- Decreased folate: Decrease in one of the B vitamins required for red blood cell production
- Dyskeratosis congenita of Zinsser-Cole-Engman: An inherited condition characterized by recurring painful mouth ulcers, skin pigmentation and nail abnormalities.
- Epstein-Barr virus: Common virus causing mononucleosis
- Erythema multiforme: An allergic inflammatory skin disorder which has a variety of causes and results in skin and mucous membrane lesions that affect mainly the hands, forearms, feet, mouth nose and genitals.
- Erythroplakia: Erythroplakia refers to an abnormal flat area of reddened mouth tissue that has no known cause.
- Face symptoms: Symptoms affecting the face
- Geographic Tongue: Geographic tongue is a tongue that resembles a map because of patches of tissue on the surface.
- Gingivitis: Inflammation of the gums
- HIV/AIDS: HIV is a sexually transmitted virus and AIDS is the progressive immune failure that HIV causes.
- Hairy Tongue: Abnormal sensation where the tongue feels hairy or furry.
- Hand, Foot, & Mouth Disease: Common contagious viral infant or child condition
- Head symptoms: Symptoms affecting the head or brain
- Inflammatory bowel disease: Inflammatory bowel disease refers to digestive symptoms resulting from chronic bowel inflammation. Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis are two of the main subtypes of the disease. Scientists have discovered an array of genetic mutations which can result in an increased susceptibility to inflammatory bowel disease. Not all people with the genetic anomaly will develop the condition but it can increase the risk especially if other environmental factors are also present. The severity of the disease that develops is variable.
- Injury: Any damage inflicted in the body
- Leucoplakia: A thick white patch occurring on mucous membranes such as inside the mouth. It canít be rubbed off and may become malignant.
- Leukemia: Cancer of the blood cells, usually white blood cells.
- Leukoplakia: Leukoplakia is a condition in which there are white patches on the tongue and mucus membranes of the mouth.
- Lichen planus: Skin rash
- Macroglossia: An enlarged tongue out or proportion to the size of the mouth.
- Milia: White, small cysts that are commonly seen on the face.
- Mouth conditions: Any condition that affects the mouth
- Mouth symptoms: Symptoms of the mouth or oral area.
- Mucous membrane lesions: lesions affecting the mucosa of the oral cavity.
- Mucus membrane symptoms: Symptoms affecting the mucus membranes.
- Neutropenia: A reduced number of neutrophils in the blood.
- Oral candidiasis: An infection with the fungus candida which occurs in the mouth
- Oral lesions in children: Oral lesions in children are areas of abnormal tissues in an infant's mouth.
- Oral pain: Pain in the mouth or oral area.
- Oral thrush: Oral thrush is a fungal infection of the mouth.
- Pellagra: Dietary deficiency of vitamin B3 (niacin)
- Pemphigus: A rare group of autoimmune skin disorders where blisters or raw sores develop on the skin and mucous membranes. The bodies immune system destroys proteins the hold skin cells together resulting in blistering. The condition can be life-threatening if untreated.
- Reiterís syndrome: A form of reactive arthritis characterized by arthritis, urethritis, conjunctivitis and skin lesions.
- Respiratory symptoms: Symptoms affecting the breathing systems.
- Scurvy: Severe disease from vitamin C deficiency
- Shingles: Infectious viral infection occuring years after chickenpox infection.
- Skin symptoms: Symptoms affecting the skin.
- Syphilis: A sexually transmitted disease caused by a bacteria (Treponema pallidum). The condition is often asymptomatic in the early stages but one or more sores may be present in the early stages. Untreated syphilis usually results in remission of visible symptoms but further severe damage may occur to internal organs and other body tissues which can result in death.
- Systemic lupus erythematosus: chronic autoimmune disease that can be fatal, though with recent medical advances, fatalities are becoming increasingly rare.
- Throat symptoms: Symptoms affecting the throat
- Traumatic ulcer: break in skin caused due to trauma
- Tuberculosis: Bacterial infection causing nodules forming, most commonly in the lung.
- Vitamin B12 Deficiency: A deficiency of Vitamin B12 primarily causes anemias the body is unable to make sufficient quantities of normal red blood cells. Severe cases can lead to permanent nervous system problems. The vitamin B12 deficiency can result from absorption problems, insufficient dietary intake, certain medications (e.g. metformin), inherited conditions (e.g. transcobalamin deficiency) and certain chronic parasitic intestinal infestations.
Conditions listing medical symptoms: Oral lesions:
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