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The list of diagnostic tests mentioned in various sources as used in the diagnosis of Ovarian cancer includes:
These home medical tests may be relevant to Ovarian cancer causes:
A definitive diagnosis of ovarian cancer requires surgery. The initial surgery has two aims. First, to remove any cancer that exists (or as much as possible), including removing the ovaries, the uterus and the omentum. The best results for survival are in those women in whom all the cancer can be removed. Second, to sample tissues and surrounding nodes to determine where the tumor has spread (to determine the stage of the disease).
In pre-menopausal women, a more limited surgery may be appropriate depending upon the cell type of the tumor. (Source: excerpt from Ovarian Cancer: NWHIC)
To help find the cause of symptoms, a doctor evaluates a woman's medical history. The doctor also performs a physical exam and orders diagnostic tests. Some exams and tests that may be useful are described below:
Pelvic exam includes feeling the uterus, vagina, ovaries, fallopian tubes, bladder , and rectum to find any abnormality in their shape or size. (A Pap test , a good test for cancer of the cervix, is often done along with the pelvic exam, but it is not a reliable way to find or diagnose ovarian cancer.)
Ultrasound refers to the use of high-frequency sound waves. These waves, which cannot be heard by humans, are aimed at the ovaries. The pattern of the echoes they produce creates a picture called a sonogram . Healthy tissues, fluid-filled cysts, and tumors look different on this picture.
CA-125 assay is a blood test used to measure the level of CA-125, a tumor marker that is often found in higher-than-normal amounts in the blood of women with ovarian cancer.
GI series , or barium
enema , is a series of x-rays
of the colon
and rectum. The pictures are taken after the patient is
given an enema with a white, chalky solution containing
barium. The barium outlines the colon and rectum on the
(or CAT) scan is a series of detailed pictures
of areas inside the body created by a computer linked to an
Biopsy is the removal of tissue for examination under a microscope. A pathologist studies the tissue to make a diagnosis . To obtain the tissue, the surgeon performs a laparotomy (an operation to open the abdomen). If cancer is suspected, the surgeon performs an oophorectomy (removal of the entire ovary). This is important because, if cancer is present, removing just a sample of tissue by cutting through the outer layer of the ovary could allow cancer cells to escape and cause the disease to spread.
If the diagnosis is ovarian cancer, the doctor will want
to learn the stage
(or extent) of disease. Staging
is a careful attempt to find out whether the cancer has
spread and, if so, to what parts of the body. Staging may
The following list of conditions have 'Ovarian cancer' or similar listed as a symptom in our database. This computer-generated list may be inaccurate or incomplete. Always seek prompt professional medical advice about the cause of any symptom.
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The following list of medical conditions have 'Ovarian cancer'
or similar listed as a medical complication in our database.
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