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Symptoms » Paleness » Diagnostic Tests
 

Diagnostic Tests for Paleness

Diagnostic Test list for Paleness:

The list of diagnostic tests mentioned in various sources as used in the diagnosis of Paleness includes:

  • Physical examination
    • Look for signs of anemia - e.g. pallor of skin, pallor of nail beds and sclera of eyes.
    • Look for signs of heart failure including low blood pressure, increased pulse rate, heart murmur, crackles in lungs and swollen ankles
    • Looking for possible causes of anemia - e.g. signs of chronic liver failure, neurological signs suggesting possible pernicious anemia.
    • Examine for enlarged thyroid which may indicate presence of thyroid disease associated with vitiligo
    • Examine for nystagmus (jerky movements of the eyes), translucency of the iris and reduced visual acuity which are always present in albinism
  • Blood tests
    • Full blood count - looking at size of red blood cells which helps diagnose type of anemia ( e.g. if small size likely iron deficiency or thallasaemia; if large cell size likely Vitamin B12 deficiency ,folate deficiency, drug toxicity; if normal cell size can be chronic disease , hemolysis, renal failure ). Vitamin B12 due to pernicious anemia is associated with vitiligo.
    • Hemoglobin level to establish severity of anemia
    • Thyroid function tests, looking for thyroid disease associated with vitiligo
    • Fasting blood glucose, looking for diabetes mellitus associated with vitiligo
    • ACTH stimulation test looking for Addison's disease associated with vitiligo
    • Phenylalanine concentration if suspect phenylketonuria which has reduced pigmentation of the skin
    • Iron studies to detect iron deficiency ( i.e. low serum iron and ferritin, high transferring)
    • Vitamin B12 and folate levels - to detect deficiency which may cause anemia.
    • Haptoglobin - reduced levels in hemolysis , Vitamin B12 and folate deficiency, severe hemorrhage.
    • Thallasaemia screen by Hemoglobin electrophoresis - if small red cell size is out of proportion to mild anemia.
    • Rheumatoid factor, ANA antibodies, ENA antibodies, dsDNA antibodies, antinuclear and anticentromere antibodies to diagnose possible causes of Raynaud's phenomenon
  • Stool examination - for occult blood to detect gastrointestinal bleeding.
  • Bone marrow examination- if more information is required to establish diagnosis
  • Skin scraping - for microscopy may show hyphae with spores characteristic of the yeast infection that is responsible for pityriasis versicolor.
  • Skin biopsy - may be required e.g. microscopically vitiligo has complete absence of melanocytes (pigment producing cells).

Home Diagnostic Testing

These home medical tests may be relevant to Paleness causes:

Conditions listing medical symptoms: Paleness:

The following list of conditions have 'Paleness' or similar listed as a symptom in our database. This computer-generated list may be inaccurate or incomplete. Always seek prompt professional medical advice about the cause of any symptom.

Select from the following alphabetical view of conditions which include a symptom of Paleness or choose View All.

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Conditions listing medical complications: Paleness:

The following list of medical conditions have 'Paleness' or similar listed as a medical complication in our database.

 

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