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Symptoms » Skin pigmentation » Glossary
 

Glossary for Skin pigmentation

Medical terms related to Skin pigmentation or mentioned in this section include:

  • Ablinism I syndrome: A recessively inherited form of albinism involving the complete lack of skin, hair and eye pigments.
  • Ablinism II syndrome: A recessively inherited form of albinism involving a reduction in skin, hair and eye pigments.
  • Acanthosis nigricans: A diffuse colour change to the skin with dark pigmentation, particularly in the axillae
  • Adrenal gland symptoms: Symptoms affecting the adrenal glands
  • Albinism ocular late onset sensorineural deafness: A rare inherited condition characterized by a lack of eye pigmentation and deafness that usually starts in middle-age. Severity of symptoms is variable.
  • Albinism, ocular, autosomal recessive: A rare inherited condition characterized by reduced eye pigmentation with normal, or near normal hair and skin pigmentation.
  • Altered pigmentation: discoloration of the skin can be caused by various factors
  • Anorexia Nervosa: A disorder where a distorted sense of body image leads to self-starvation to the point of death in some cases.
  • Aplastic anemia: A blood disorder where the bone marrow produces insufficient new blood cells.
  • Argyria: A high level of contact or ingestion of silver salts resulting on grayish staining of the skin, mucous membranes and even internal organs.
  • Athabaskan severe combined immunodeficiency: A severe immunodeficiency disorder found in Navajo and Apache populations.
  • Atopic dermatitis: Skin rash usually from allergic causes.
  • Banti Syndrome: A rare conditions where chronic congestive spleen enlargement causes it to destroy red blood cells too early. The spleen becomes enlarged due to an obstruction of blood flow in the organ and the resulting increase in blood pressure.
  • Banti's syndrome: A chronic, progressive condition marked by enlargement of the spleen which is associated with anemia, splenomegaly, ascites, jaundice, leucopenia, thrombocytopenia and gastrointestinal bleeding.
  • Blisters: Blistering of the skin.
  • Bone-Marrow failure syndromes: A disorder where the bone marrow fails to produce enough new blood cells.
  • Busulfan toxicity syndrome: Symptoms caused by the use of a chemotherapy drug called Busulfan.
  • Chickenpox: Common viral infection.
  • Cholestasis: A condition where bile formation or flow is reduced.
  • Chromosome 10, trisomy 10pter p13: A rare chromosomal disorder where duplication of a portion of chromosome 10 causes various abnormalities such as a wasted build, gut and heart placement abnormalities and lack of reflexes.
  • Chromosome 11, deletion 11p: A syndrome that is caused by the deletion of short arm (p) of chromosome 11. The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the amount and exact location of the genetic material that is deleted.
  • Chromosome 7 ring syndrome: A rare chromosomal disorder where the ends of chromosome 7 have been deleted and the two broken ends have rejoined to form a ring shape resulting in a range of symptoms determined by the size of the genetic deletion.
  • Chromosome 7, monosomy 7q21: A rare chromosomal disorder characterized by mental retardation, short stature, facial anomalies and muscle and distal limb abnormalities.
  • Contraceptive pills -- Teratogenic Agent: There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Contraceptive pills during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Craniosynostosis exostoses nevus epibulbar dermoid: A rare syndrome characterized by the premature fusion of skull bones, excessive bone growth (hyperostosis), epibulbar dermoids (benign eye tumor) and a skin disorder (linear verrucous epidermal nevus). Patients with this condition need to avoid using aminoglycosides as they can have a negative impact on hearing.
  • Cushing's disease: A condition of hyperadrenocorticism which is secondary to excessive pituitary secretion of ACTH. Cushing's disease is different to Cushing's syndrome which refers to the effects of glucocorticoid excess from any cause.
  • Cutaneous mastocytosis: Skin mastocytosis
  • Deletion 11p: A syndrome that is caused by the deletion of short arm (p) of chromosome 11. The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the amount and exact location of the genetic material that is deleted.
  • Dermatomyositis: A muscle disease characterized by chronic muscle inflammation resulting in progressive muscle weakness and a characteristic rash.
  • Dermo-odontodysplasia: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by tooth, skin, hair and nail abnormalities.
  • Eczema: Skin rash usually from allergic causes.
  • Face symptoms: Symptoms affecting the face
  • Fanconi syndrome: Fanconi syndrome that occurs secondary to the accumulation of crystals of light-chain immunoglobulin molecules in the kidney tubules which affects their functioning.
  • Head symptoms: Symptoms affecting the head or brain
  • Hematochromatosis: Hemochromatosis is the abnormal accumulation of iron in parenchymal organs, leading to organ toxicity. It is the most common inherited liver disease in whites and the most common autosomal recessive genetic disorder.
  • Hemochromatosis: Excess of iron leading to problems with joints, liver, heart and pancreas.
  • Hemochromatosis type 1: A genetic disorder where too much iron is absorbed from food and it is stored in various parts of the body which can cause damage. Type 1 is the most common form of the disorder, has an adult onset and is inherited recessively.
  • Hemochromatosis type 2: A rare genetic disorder where too much iron is absorbed from food and it is stored in various parts of the body which can cause damage. Type 2 is a more severe type, has a juvenile onset and is inherited recessively.
  • Hemochromatosis type 3: A rare genetic disorder where too much iron is absorbed from food and it is stored in various parts of the body which can cause damage. Type 3 has an onset that is between type 1 and type 2 and is inherited recessively.
  • Hemochromatosis type 4: A rare genetic disorder where too much iron is absorbed from food and it is stored in various parts of the body which can cause damage. Type 4 has an adult onset but is inherited dominantly.
  • Hereditary Hemochromatosis: A genetic disorder where too much iron is absorbed from food and it is stored in various parts of the body which can cause damage. There are 4 types of hemochromatosis and they are distinguished by age of onset, genetic cause and type of inheritance. Some sufferers may be asymptomatic.
  • Kuskokwim disease: A rare syndrome where abnormal muscle attachment causes abnormalities such as muscle wasting or excessive growth and contractures.
  • Lichen planus: Skin rash
  • Macrodactyly -- Hemihypertrophy -- Connective tissue nevi syndrome: A birth disorder characterized manily by large toes, large head, skin pigmentation anomaly and asymmetrical face and arm.
  • Meinecke syndrome: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by mental retardation and short broad thumbs.
  • Melanoma: Melanoma is the most dangerous type of skin cancer. It is the leading cause of death from skin disease. It involves cells called melanocytes, which produce a skin pigment called melanin. Melanin is responsible for skin and hair color.
  • Mental retardation -- short broad thumbs: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by mental retardation and short, broad thumbs.
  • Methacycline -- Teratogenic Agent: There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Methacycline during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Methaemoglobinaemia: The presence of methaemoglin in the a persons blood
  • Milner-Khallouf-Gibson syndrome: A rare recessively inherited genetic disorder characterized by a variety of symptoms which are typical of a condition called Fanconi's anemia.
  • Navajo poikiloderma: A rare genetic blood disorder found in Navajo populations and characterized by a progressive skin disorder and neutropenia (lack of neutrophils which are needed to fight bacterial infections).
  • Ocular Albinism type 1: A rare eye disorder characterized primarily by lack of eye pigmentation. Females tend to have few if any symptoms as the condition is X-linked.
  • Oculocerebral syndrome with hypopigmentation: A rare inherited disorder involving lack of pigmentation and eye and brain defects caused by central nervous system abnormalities.
  • Oculocutaneous albinism, minimal pigment type: A rare inherited condition characterized by very little pigmentation in the skin, eye and hair. It is believed to be a variant for of oculocutaneous albinism type 3.
  • Pellagra: Dietary deficiency of vitamin B3 (niacin)
  • Phacomatosis pigmentokeratotica: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by abnormally pigmented areas on the skin which is associated with neurological problems. The skin pigmentation spreads and generally occurs only on one side of the body.
  • Phosgene oxime -- skin exposure: Phosgen oxime has no useful purpose but may be manufactured for use as a chemical weapon. The chemical is poisonous and exposure can occur through ingestion, inhalation and absorption through the skin. The chemical can penetrate clothing and the severity of symptoms will vary depending on the extent and duration of the exposure.
  • Phosgene oxime exposure: Phosgene oxime has no useful purpose but may be manufactured for use as a chemical weapon. The chemical is poisonous and exposure can occur through ingestion, inhalation and absorption through the skin. Symptoms will vary depending on the method of exposure, degree of exposure and duration of exposure. The chemical can penetrate clothing.
  • Pigmentation symptoms: Symptoms related to pigmentation levels in the skin.
  • Porphyria Cutanea Tarda: A rare metabolic condition involving a deficiency of the enzyme uroporphyrinogen decarboxylase. This results in a buildup of porphyrins in the skin which makes it sensitive to light. Most symptoms tend to primarily affected the areas of skin most exposed to sun e.g. back of hands and arms.
  • Pregnancy: Symptoms related to pregnancy.
  • Pregnancy symptoms: Symptoms related to pregnancy.
  • Pseudopapilledema -- blepharophimosis -- hand anomalies: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by malformations involving the hands, feet ears and face as well as deafness.
  • Scleroderma: A rare, progressive connective tissue disorder involving thickening and hardening of the skin and connective tissue. There are a number of forms of scleroderma with some forms being systemic (involving internal organs).
  • Short stature -- abnormal skin pigmentation -- mental retardation: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by short stature, mental retardation and skin pigmentation abnormalities.
  • Sideroblastic anemia, autosomal: An inherited form of anemia where an enzyme deficiency prevents red blood cells from using iron properly. The red blood cells become overloaded with iron which impairs the blood's ability to carry oxygen.
  • Sideroblastic anemia, hereditary: An inherited form of anemia where an enzyme deficiency prevents red blood cells from using iron properly. The red blood cells become overloaded with iron which impairs the blood's ability to carry oxygen.
  • Skin color changes: Skin changes such as redness, blueness, or whitening.
  • Skin conditions: Any condition that affects the skin
  • Skin pain: Pain affecting the skin.
  • Skin pigmentation in pregnancy: Skin pigmentation in pregnancy is altered. The changes consist of a deepening of the colour of the areolae, and appearance of the linea nigra on the abdomen, together with a change in colour of the vagina and cervix from pink to a deep purple colour due to venous dilatation. Additionally some women develop brown patches of pigmentation on their faces (typically over the cheekbones.) These changes reverse after pregnancy.
  • Skin problems: Any condition that affects the skin
  • Skin rash: Change in the skin which affects the color, appearance or texture.
  • Skin symptoms: Symptoms affecting the skin.
  • Smallpox: Dangerous virus now almost eliminated worldwide by vaccination.
  • Sores: Sores affecting the skin.
  • Southwestern Athabaskan genetic diseases: A group of four genetic diseases that are unique to the Navajo and Apache (Southwestern Athabaskan) populations. The disease are Athabaskan severe combined immunodeficiency, Navajo neurohepatopathy, Navajo poikiloderma and Athabaskan brainstem dysgenesis.
  • Thanos-Stewart-Zonana Syndrome: A rare syndrome characterized by the premature fusion of skull bones, excessive bone growth (hyperostosis), epibulbar dermoids (benign eye tumor) and a skin disorder (linear verrucous epidermal nevus). Patients with this condition need to avoid using aminoglycosides as they can have a negative impact on hearing.
  • Torticollis, keloids, cryptorchidism, renal dysplasia: A rare genetic condition characterized by undescended testes, kidney defects, torticollis and the formation of keloids which are scar-like elevations on the skin. The symptoms occur in males though females carriers can have mild symptoms.
  • Tricho-odonto-onychial dysplasia: A very rare syndrome characterized by abnormal skull calcification, reduced scalp hair and nail and tooth enamel abnormalities.
  • Turner Syndrome: Rare chromosome syndrome with one X but no second X or Y chromosome.
  • WAGR Syndrome: A syndrome that is due to the deletion of chromosome 11.
  • Whipple's Disease: Rare malabsorption disease from bacterial digestive infection
  • Wilms tumor -- aniridia -- genitourinary anomalies -- mental retardation: A syndrome resulting from deletion of genetic material from chromosome the short arm of chromosome 11 (11p13). The characteristic symptoms are partial or complete absence of iris, genitourinary anomalies, mental retardation and Wilms' tumor. The specific range and severity of symptoms is variable depending on the size and exact location of the genetic material that is missing.
  • Wyburn-Mason Syndrome: A condition which is characterized by arteriovenous aneurysms on one or both sides of the brain

Conditions listing medical symptoms: Skin pigmentation:

The following list of conditions have 'Skin pigmentation' or similar listed as a symptom in our database. This computer-generated list may be inaccurate or incomplete. Always seek prompt professional medical advice about the cause of any symptom.

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