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Glossary for Skin pigmentation changes

Medical terms related to Skin pigmentation changes or mentioned in this section include:

  • APECED Syndrome: APECED is a recessively inherited genetic disease characterized by the presence of two of the following three conditions: impaired parathyroid function, yeast infection (candidiasis) and impaired adrenal gland function (Addison's disease). It is an autoimmune disease resulting from a genetic defect. The body's immune system malfunctions and attacks it's own body tissues.
  • Achalasia -- Addisonianism -- Alacrimia syndrome: A rare inherited disorder characterized mainly by achalasia, alacrimia (absent tears) and Addison's disease. Addison's disease involves adrenal insufficiency due to a resistance to adrenocorticotropic hormone. Only about 70 cases reported worldwide.
  • Achalasia -- addisonianism -- alacrima syndrome: A rare inherited disorder characterized mainly by achalasia, alacrimia (absent tears) and Addison's disease. Addison's disease involves adrenal insufficiency due to a resistance to adrenocorticotropic hormone. Only about 70 cases reported worldwide.
  • Achalasia -- adrenal -- alacrima syndrome: A familial disorder characterized by adrenal gland-related hormonal problems, swallowing difficulty (achalasia) and a lack of tears (alacrima). Neurological impairment and motor and sensory neuropathy is progressive. The adrenal glands in patients are resistant to the ACTH hormone and hence fails to operate normally.
  • Acrofrontofacionasal dysostosis syndrome: A very rare syndrome characterized by abnormalities of the bones of the skeleton as well as mental retardation. Various facial, eye and urogenital anomalies are also present.
  • Adrenal gland hypofunction: Reduced adrenal gland activity due to damage to the adrenal gland or lack of stimulation of the gland. Pituitary hormones stimulate adrenal gland activity.
  • Adrenal gland symptoms: Symptoms affecting the adrenal glands
  • Adrenal hyperplasia: A group of disorder that occur when there is a problem in the process of making adrenal corticosteroids.
  • Adrenal hypofunction: A condition which is characterized by a lack of production of hormones from the adrenal gland.
  • Adrenal hypoplasia congenital, X-linked: A genetic disorder which affects the body tissues that produce hormones. It is characterized by underdeveloped adrenal glands which results adrenal insufficiency and hypogonadotrophic hypogonadism.
  • Adrenoleukodystrophy: A rare hereditary metabolic disease that only occurs in male children and is characterized by adrenal atrophy and extensive cerebral demyelination causing progressive loss of mental functioning, aphasia, apraxia and sometimes blindness. The patient usually dies within 5 years.
  • Alcohol-induced pseudo-Cushing syndrome: The excessive consumption of alcohol can result in symptoms similar to a condition called Cushing's syndrome. When alcohol consumption is stopped, symptoms regress.
  • Altered pigmentation: discoloration of the skin can be caused by various factors
  • Aplasia cutis congenita -- epibulbar dermoids: A very rare syndrome characterized by increased skin pigmentation, a localized absence of skin (aplasia cutis congenital) and epibulbar dermoids (a benign eye tumor).
  • Brachioradial pruritus: A condition characterized by itching, burning and other sensations of the skin on one or both arms. The skin has no visible evidence of the skin unless the patient causes damage to the skin due to scratching or rubbing. The condition results from nerve damage. It is believed that in some cases the condition arises from nerve damage due to excessive sun exposure. Thus the outer parts of the arm (which tend to receive more sun) tend to be more affected than the inner parts of the arm. In other people, damage to the nerves in the neck from such things as compression or a spinal tumor may also result in the condition.
  • Brunzell syndrome: A rare recessively inherited syndrome characterized by a lack of skin fat (Seip syndrome), cystic angiomatosis of the long bones which can lead to fractures.
  • Bullous pemphigoid: An autoimmune disease characterized by chronic itchy blistering of the skin. Also called pemphigoid.
  • Chickenpox: Common viral infection.
  • Chloasma: Red facial marks in women related to hormones
  • Congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH): A group of disorder that occur when there is a problem in the process of making adrenal corticosteroids.
  • Cushing's disease: A condition of hyperadrenocorticism which is secondary to excessive pituitary secretion of ACTH. Cushing's disease is different to Cushing's syndrome which refers to the effects of glucocorticoid excess from any cause.
  • De Sanctis-Cacchione syndrome: A rare genetic ectodermal disorder characterized by sunlight sensitivity, skin atrophy and pigmentation and skin tumors as well neurologic involvement.
  • Dyck Syndrome: A very rare condition observe in two brothers. It involves vision, hearing, muscle, sensory and adrenal system problems and an enlarged liver and spleen.
  • Ectodermal dysplasia, hypohidrotic, autosomal recessive: A rare genetic multisystem disorder characterized by hair, teeth, nail and skin abnormalities and absence of certain sweat glands.
  • Ectopic ACTH Syndrome: A tumour arising in the body which releases excess quantities of ACTH
  • Erythema: Skin redness caused by congestion of capillaries such as in blushing.
  • Erythema ab igne:
  • Erythrasma: A condition where there is a bacterial skin infection that is located in the armpits or the groin
  • Excess skin pigmentation: A condition which is characterized by an abnormal excess of skin pigmentation
  • Face symptoms: Symptoms affecting the face
  • Hay-Wells syndrome, recessive type: A rare recessively inherited genetic disorder characterized by ankyloblepharon, ectodermal dysplasia, and cleft lip and/or cleft palate. The recessive form of this condition is distinguished by the presence at birth of adhesions between the upper and lower jaws.
  • Head symptoms: Symptoms affecting the head or brain
  • Hyperpigmentation, Cutaneous, With Hypertrichosis, Hepatosplenomegaly, Heart Anomalies, Hearing Loss, And Hypogonadism: A rare syndrome characterized by various skin and nail anomalies as well as other problems.
  • Hypoadrenalism: Reduced adrenal gland activity.
  • Increased skin pigmentation: Increased skin pigmentation is coloring of the skin that is greater than it was in the past.
  • Infection: Infections as a symptom.
  • Lymphatic Obstruction: A blockage of the lymph vessels that drain fluid from body tissues and facilitate immune system cell movement through the body. Lymphatic obstruction can be caused by such things as tumors, surgery, injury and infection. Obstruction can be primary (as in the case of inherited conditions such as lymphatic hypoplasia) or secondary (as in the case of infection).
  • Melanoma: Melanoma is the most dangerous type of skin cancer. It is the leading cause of death from skin disease. It involves cells called melanocytes, which produce a skin pigment called melanin. Melanin is responsible for skin and hair color.
  • Mental retardation -- hypotonia -- skin hyperpigmentation: A rare condition characterized mainly by mental retardation, reduced muscle tone and increased skin pigmentation.
  • Nelson Syndrome: The rapid growth of a pituitary adenoma (tumor) after the surgical removal of both adrenal glands to treat Cushing's disease. The condition is triggered by the resultant loss of the regulatory function of cortisol.
  • Nephrogenic Fibrosing Dermopathy: A rare disorder characterized by thickening and hardening of the skin as well as other symptoms. The course of the disease may be mild or aggressive and occurs in patients with underlying disorders kidney disease.
  • Nerve symptoms: Symptoms affecting the nerves
  • Nodule: A small area which is solid to touch
  • POEMS: A very rare disorder that has widespread effects on the body: P -- polyneuropathy, O -- organopathy, E -- endocrinopathy, M -- monoclonal gammopathy and S -- skin changes.
  • POEMS syndrome: A very rare disorder that has widespread effects on the body: P - polyneuropathy, O - organopathy, E - endocrinopathy, M - monoclonal gammopathy, S - skin changes.
  • Photosensitivity: sensitivity on exposure to sunlight
  • Phototoxic eczema: Phototoxic eczema is skin irritation and inflammation which occurs as an abnormal response to exposure to UV light radiation. The cause of this sensitivity may result from the use of certain drugs or exposure various other photosensitizing substances such as certain plants.
  • Pigmentation symptoms: Symptoms related to pigmentation levels in the skin.
  • Pityriasis Alba: A chronic skin condition affecting mostly children or adolescents. It involves hypopigmentation or lighter patches on the skin usually on the cheeks. The rash may be covered by fine skin flakes.
  • Poikiloderma of Rothmund-Thomson: A rare disease which causes sufferers to have a senile-like appearance with skin, growth, hair and eye abnormalities.
  • Primary Biliary Cirrhosis 1: Primary biliary cirrhosis is a chronic condition involving progressive destruction of the bile ducts in the liver. This results in an abnormal buildup of bile in the liver which eventually progresses to liver failure. Primary biliary cirrhosis 1 is linked to a genetic defect on chromosome 3p12-q13.2.
  • Primary Biliary Cirrhosis 2: Primary biliary cirrhosis is a chronic condition involving progressive destruction of the bile ducts in the liver. This results in an abnormal buildup of bile in the liver which eventually progresses to liver failure. Primary biliary cirrhosis 2 is linked to a genetic defect on chromosome 6p21.3.
  • Primary Biliary Cirrhosis 3: Primary biliary cirrhosis is a chronic condition involving progressive destruction of the bile ducts in the liver. This results in an abnormal buildup of bile in the liver which eventually progresses to liver failure. Primary biliary cirrhosis 3 is linked to a genetic defect on chromosome 1p31.2.
  • Primary Lymphatic Obstruction: A blockage of the lymph vessels from birth. Lymph vessels drain fluid from body tissues and facilitate immune cell movement through the body. Primary obstruction can be the result of underdeveloped or malformed lymph vessels.
  • Primary biliary cirrhosis: Primary biliary cirrhosis is a chronic and progressive cholestatic disease of the liver.
  • Rash: Rash of any type affecting the skin.
  • Revesz Syndrome: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by disease of the eye retinas, anemia and central nervous system anomalies.
  • Rothmund-Thomson Syndrome: A syndrome which is characterized by atrophy, pigmentation and telangiectasia of the skin.
  • Saul-Wilkes-Stevenson syndrome: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by muscle problems, abnormal skin pigmentation, movement disorder, mental retardation and scoliosis.
  • Schwartz newark syndrome: A rare syndrome characterized by pigmentation anomaly, hydrocephaly, spina bifida and a myelomeningocele.
  • Secondary Lymphatic Obstruction: A blockage of the lymph vessels that occurs secondary to some other condition such as infection. Lymph vessels drain fluid from body tissues and facilitate immune cell movement through the body. Secondary lymphatic obstruction can be caused by such things as tumors, surgery, injury and infection.
  • Short limbs subluxed knees cleft palate: A rare syndrome characterized mainly by short limbs, partially dislocated knees and a cleft palate.
  • Skin color changes: Skin changes such as redness, blueness, or whitening.
  • Skin conditions: Any condition that affects the skin
  • Skin pain: Pain affecting the skin.
  • Skin pigmentation: The occurrence of pigmentation that is located in the skin
  • Skin pigmentation changes in pregnancy: Skin pigmentation changes in pregnancy consist of a deepening of the colour of the areolae, and appearance of the linea nigra on the abdomen, together with a change in colour of the vagina and cervix from pink to a deep purple colour due to venous dilatation. Additionally some women develop brown patches of pigmentation on their faces (typically over the cheekbones.) These changes reverse after pregnancy.
  • Skin problems: Any condition that affects the skin
  • Skin symptoms: Symptoms affecting the skin.
  • Smallpox: Dangerous virus now almost eliminated worldwide by vaccination.
  • Sparse hair -- short stature -- skin anomalies: A rare syndrome characterized mainly by sparse hair, short stature and skin anomalies.
  • Spondyloepiphyseal dysplasia -- nephritic syndrome:
  • Spondyloepiphyseal dysplasia -- nephrotic syndrome: A very rare syndrome characterized by skeletal and immunity abnormalities. The immune defect leads to progressive kidney dysfunction which can ultimately cause death during the first decade.
  • Tang Hsi Ryu syndrome: A rare syndrome characterized by enlarged liver and spleen, increased pigmentation and abnormal peripheral nerve functioning.
  • Tinea versicolor: A condition which is characterized by a chronic noninflammatory multiple macular patches
  • Variegate porphyria: A rare metabolic disorder characterized by a deficiency of a certain enzyme which results in a build-up in the body of porphyrins or their precursors. This form of hepatic porphyria causes the sufferer to have acute attacks as well as skin sensitivity.
  • Vitiligo: A condition which is characterized by chronic pigmentary changes to the skin seen by white patches
  • Whitaker syndrome: A condition that usually occurs in childhood caused by an autoimmune polyendocrinopathy
  • Xeroderma pigmentosum: A rare pigmentary disease that is caused by an enzyme deficiency
  • Xeroderma pigmentosum, type 1: A rare genetic disorder where the enzyme that repairs DNA damage done by UV radiation is defective. It is characterized by sensitivity to sunlight, skin pigmentation and atrophy and actinic skin tumors. The different types of xeroderma pigmentosum vary in the body's ability to repair the damage to DNA done by UV radiation - type 1 has the lowest level of repair and the most neurological complications.
  • Xeroderma pigmentosum, type 2: A rare genetic disorder where the enzyme that repairs DNA damage done by UV radiation is defective. It is characterized by sensitivity to sunlight, skin pigmentation and atrophy and actinic skin tumors. The different types of xeroderma pigmentosum vary in the body's ability to repair the damage to DNA done by UV radiation. Type B is often associated with signs of Cockayne syndrome.
  • Xeroderma pigmentosum, type 3: A rare genetic disorder where the enzyme that repairs DNA damage done by UV radiation is defective. It is characterized by sensitivity to sunlight, skin pigmentation and atrophy and actinic skin tumors. The different types of xeroderma pigmentosum vary in the body's ability to repair the damage to DNA done by UV radiation. Neurological symptoms are rarely experienced in type 3.
  • Xeroderma pigmentosum, type 4: A rare genetic disorder where the enzyme that repairs DNA damage done by UV radiation is defective. It is characterized by sensitivity to sunlight, skin pigmentation and atrophy and actinic skin tumors. The different types of xeroderma pigmentosum vary in the body's ability to repair the damage to DNA done by UV radiation. Type D involves neurological symptoms.
  • Xeroderma pigmentosum, type 5: A rare genetic disorder where the enzyme that repairs DNA damage done by UV radiation is defective. It is characterized by sensitivity to sunlight, skin pigmentation and atrophy and actinic skin tumors. The different types of xeroderma pigmentosum vary in the body's ability to repair the damage to DNA done by UV radiation. Type E is a very rare form of the condition and involves mild skin symptoms with no neurological symptoms.
  • Xeroderma pigmentosum, type 6: A rare genetic disorder where the enzyme that repairs DNA damage done by UV radiation is defective. It is characterized by sensitivity to sunlight, skin pigmentation and atrophy and actinic skin tumors. The different types of xeroderma pigmentosum vary in the body's ability to repair the damage to DNA done by UV radiation. The skin and neurological symptoms in Type 6 tend to be mild.
  • Xeroderma pigmentosum, type 7: A rare genetic disorder where the enzyme that repairs DNA damage done by UV radiation is defective. It is characterized by sensitivity to sunlight, skin pigmentation and atrophy and actinic skin tumors. The different types of xeroderma pigmentosum vary in the body's ability to repair the damage to DNA done by UV radiation. Type G usually involves severe neurological symptoms.
  • Zellweger-like syndrome, without peroxisomal anomalies: A rare syndrome characterized by unusual facial appearance, very low muscle tone, mental retardation and metabolic defects.

Conditions listing medical symptoms: Skin pigmentation changes:

The following list of conditions have 'Skin pigmentation changes' or similar listed as a symptom in our database. This computer-generated list may be inaccurate or incomplete. Always seek prompt professional medical advice about the cause of any symptom.

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