Glossary for Tetany
Medical terms related to Tetany or mentioned in this section include:
- Acid-Base Imbalance: A disruption to the normal acid-base equilibrium in the body. There are four main groups of disorder involving an acid-base imbalance: respiratory acidosis or alkalosis and metabolic acidosis or alkalosis. Obviously the severity of symptoms is determined by the degree of imbalance.
- Acute Pancreatitis: sudden inflammation of the pancreas
- Acute pancreatitis: sudden inflammation of the pancreas
- Alcohol abuse: Excessive alcohol as a symptom of other conditions
- Alkalosis: A condition that iscaused by the accumulation of base in the body.
- Arm symptoms: Symptoms affecting the arm
- Bartter Syndrome: A rare genetic disorder of kidney metabolism characterized by reduced blood acidity and low potassium levels.
- Body symptoms: Symptoms affecting the entire body features.
- Brain symptoms: Symptoms affecting the brain
- Breast Feeding: Nursing an infant with breast milk.
- Breathing symptoms: Symptoms affecting the breathing systems.
- Chronic Alcoholism -- Teratogenic Agent: There is strong evidence to indicate that chronic alcoholism during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
- Common symptoms: The most common symptoms
- Conn's adenoma: An uncommon (but possible highly underdiagnosed) condition characterized by the excessive production of a hormone called aldosterone by the adrenal gland. The condition may result from the presence of an adrenal adenoma. The severity of the condition is variable with some patients simply suffering high blood pressure and no other symptoms. Due to the high degree of variation in presenting symptoms, the condition may be frequently underdiagnosed or misdiagnosed.
- Conn's syndrome: An adrenal gland disorder where excess aldosterone hormone is produced resulting in symptoms such as headache, fatigue, nocturia and increased urine production. Also called primary hyperaldosteronism.
- Conn-Louis Carcinoma: An uncommon (but possible highly underdiagnosed) condition characterized by the excessive production of a hormone called aldosterone by the adrenal gland. The condition results from the presence of an adrenal carcinoma. The severity of the condition is variable with some patients simply suffering high blood pressure and no other symptoms. Due to the high degree of variation in presenting symptoms, the condition may be frequently underdiagnosed or misdiagnosed.
- DiGeorge syndrome: 22q11.2 deletion syndrome is a genetic disorder which can result in a vast array of symptoms. Various names have been used to describe different manifestations of the syndrome. Di George Syndrome primarily involves an underdeveloped thymus and parathyroid glands which results in lowered immunity low blood calcium levels respectively. Another primary feature is heart defects. Various other variable features are also present. It is not uncommon for patients to have more than one of the 22q11.2 deletion syndrome subtypes which can make diagnosis confusing - other subtypes include Sphrintzen syndrome, Caylor cardiofacial syndrome and CATCH 22.
- Electrocution: Any injury caused by electricity
- Head symptoms: Symptoms affecting the head or brain
- Herbal Agent adverse reaction -- Senna: Senna can be used to treat constipation or to prepare the colon for a rectal examination. The herbal agent can cause an adverse reaction in some people.
- Hyperphosphataemia: An increased level of phosphate in the circulation above that which is considered normal
- Hyperventilation: Abnormally fast and deep breathing.
- Hypocalcaemia: Decreased concentration of calcium in the blood.
- Hypocalcemia: Low blood calcium levels
- Hypokalemia: Abnormally low levels of potassium in the blood.
- Hypomagnesemia caused by selective magnesium malabsorption: A rare genetic disorder which causes low blood magnesium and results in low calcium levels also. Death can occur if left untreated. The condition is believed to results from abnormal intestinal absorption of magnesium rather than the excessive secretion of magnesium via malfunctioning kidneys.
- Hypoparathyroidism: causesd by lack of PTH
- Hypoparathyroidism familial isolated: A rare familial condition involving low levels of parathyroid hormone which upsets the body's ability to regulate calcium and phosphate. The severity of symptoms is determined by the how low the parathyroid hormone level is.
- Hypoparathyroidism, autoimmune: A rare autoimmune condition characterized by the inflammation of the parathyroid glands and resulting in a deficiency of parathyroid hormones (parathormone). Parathormone helps controls calcium and phosphorus levels in the body. Symptoms become progressively worse as calcium and phosphorus levels become increasingly imbalanced.
- Kidney disease: Reduced kidney function from various causes.
- Kidney failure: The inability of the kidney to function correctly in its function of excreting metabolites from the blood
- Kidney symptoms: Symptoms affecting one or both kidneys.
- Leg symptoms: Symptoms affecting the leg
- Limb symptoms: Symptoms affecting the limbs
- Magnesium deficiency: A deficiency in the magnesium stores of the body
- Malabsorption syndrome: is an alteration in the ability of the intestine to absorb nutrients adequately into the bloodstream
- Metabolic symptoms: Symptoms affecting the metabolic system.
- Movement symptoms: Changes to movement or motor abilities
- Muscle contractions: When a muscle is shortened in use
- Muscle spasms: Involuntary movement or contraction of muscles without full control
- Muscle symptoms: Symptoms affecting the muscles of the body
- Musculoskeletal symptoms: Symptoms affecting muscles or bones of the skeleton.
- Nerve symptoms: Symptoms affecting the nerves
- Neurological symptoms: Any symptoms that are caused by neurological conditions
- Nipple discharge: Discharge of fluid or milk from one or both breasts
- Oxalosis: A rare inherited metabolic disorder where excess oxalic acid forms crystals which make up urinary stones. In type I primary hyperoxaluria there is a deficiency of peroxisomal alanine-glyoxalate aminotransferase and type II involves a deficiency of the enzyme glyoxylate reductase/hydroxypyruvate reductase.
- Oxalosis, Type II: A rare inherited metabolic disorder where excess oxalic acid forms crystals which make up urinary stones. In type I primary hyperoxaluria there is a deficiency of the enzyme glyoxylate reductase/hydroxypyruvate reductase.
- Oxalosis, type I: A rare inherited metabolic disorder where excess oxalic acid forms crystals which make up urinary stones. In type I primary hyperoxaluria there is a deficiency of alanine-glyoxalate aminotransferase.
- Pain: Any type of pain sensation symptoms.
- Potassium deficiency: A deficiency of potassium in the body
- Pregnancy: Symptoms related to pregnancy.
- Pregnancy symptoms: Symptoms related to pregnancy.
- Primary Hyperaldosteronism: An adrenal gland disorder where excess aldosterone hormone is produced resulting in symptoms such as headache, fatigue, nocturia and increased urine production. Also called Conn's syndrome.
- Pseudohypoparathyroidism: An inherited disorder where the body is unable to respond to the parathyroid hormone even though there are normal levels of it. Impaired bone growth is the main feature of this disorder.
- Renal failure: A condition characterized by a failure of the kidney to excrete toxic metabolites from the body
- Respiratory alkalosis: A condition caused by excessive loss of carbon dioxide from the body.
- Sensations: Changes to sensations or the senses
- Sensory symptoms: Symptoms affecting the sensory systems.
- Tetanus: A disease caused by chemicals which are produced by a bacterium (clostridium tetani) and are toxic to the nerves. The infection usually occurs when the bacteria enter the body through a deep wound - these bacteria are anaerobic and hence don't need oxygen to survive.
- The Primary Hyperoxalurias: An excess of oxalates in the urine
- Uremic encephalopathy: occurs due to build up of toxins which are normally cleared by the kidneys
- Vitamin D deficiency: Deficiency of vitamin D
- WDHA syndrome: A syndrome characterized by watery diarrhea, hypokalemia and achlorhydria.
Conditions listing medical symptoms: Tetany:
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