Glossary for Vomiting in children
Medical terms related to Vomiting in children or mentioned in this section include:
- Abdominal symptoms: Symptoms affecting the abdomen or digestive tract
- Achalasia: A rare condition where the patients muscles, such as the cardiac sphincter of the stomach, are unable to relax.
- Acidosis: The accumulation of hydrogen ions or the depletion of the alkaline reserve in the body.
- Acute Appendicitis: Infection of the appendix
- Acute appendicitis: Infection of the appendix
- Adrenal gland symptoms: Symptoms affecting the adrenal glands
- Allergies: Immune system over-reaction to various substances.
- Aminoaciduria: Increased amino acid levels in the urine which could indicate inborn metabolic disorders which may be caused by deficiencies in certain enzymes e.g. cystinuria.
- Annular pancreas: An abnormality where a ring of pancreatic tissue forms around the duodenum and can block the flow of food through the digestive system. The severity of symptoms depends on the degree of constriction. Partial obstruction may not be detected until adulthood.
- Anorexia: This is known as a lack of or loss of appetite for food
- Anxiety: Excessive worry, anxiety, or fear.
- Aspirin -- Teratogenic Agent: There is strong evidence to indicate that exposure to Aspirin during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
- Bladder infection: Infection of the bladder.
- Bowel obstruction: A condition which is characterized by the obstruction of the gastrointestinal system
- Brain abscess: abscess in the brain may involve any of the lobes of the brain
- Brain symptoms: Symptoms affecting the brain
- Breath symptoms: Breath-related symptoms including breath odor
- Breathing symptoms: Symptoms affecting the breathing systems.
- Bulimia nervosa: Eating disorder with binging (overeating) and purging (vomiting).
- Celiac Disease: Digestive intolerance to gluten in the diet.
- Child health symptoms: Symptoms related to pediatric (child) health.
- Cholecystitis: inflammation of the gall bladder.
- Colonic volvulus: Twisting of the colon.
- Congenital adrenal hyperplasia: A condition where excessive secretion of adrenocortical androgens cause a somatic masculization or ?virilization? effect on a fetus or baby. Symptoms in girls may include masculization of sex organs, low voice, acne, amenorrhea and masculine hair distribution and muscle growth. Symptoms in boys include enlarged penis, small testes. Children with the condition are usually taller than average but develop into short adults. Also called adrenogenital syndrome or adrenal virilism.
- Crying infant: Crying in an infant
- Delta-1-pyrroline 5-carboxylate synthetase deficiency: A rare syndrome caused by an enzyme deficiency (Delta-1-pyrroline 5-carboxylate synthetase).
- Diabetic ketoacidosis: A metabolic acidosis that results from the accumulation of ketones when diabetes mellitus is poorly controlled
- Digestive symptoms: Any symptoms affecting the digestive tract.
- Digoxin -- Teratogenic Agent: There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Digoxin (a heart drug) during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
- Drug overdose: A condition characterized by the consumption in excess of a particular drug causing adverse effects
- Duodenal atresia: A rare birth defect where a portion of the small intestine is absent or completely closed off and the digestive products cannot pass through. It is usually associated with other birth defects.
- Ear infection: Infection of the ear - may involve the middle and inner ear.
- Electrolyte imbalance: impairment in the level of electrolytes in the body
- Esophageal stricture: Narrowing of the esophagus
- Esophagitis: Inflammation of the esophagus
- Esophagus symptoms: Symptoms affecting the esophagus (digestive throat passage)
- Excitement: The sensation of increased anxiety and anticipation
- Face symptoms: Symptoms affecting the face
- Food poisoning: Poisoning from a substance or microbe in food.
- Fructosuria: A rare harmless asymptomatic condition caused by a lack of the liver enzyme called fructokinase which is needed to turn fructose into glycogen.
- Galactosemia: Accumulation of galactose in the blood leading to mental retardation and failure to thrive if not corrected.
- Gastric Ulcer: A gastric ulcer is a break in the normal tissue that lines the stomach.
- Gastritis: gastritis is inflammation of the gastric mucosa of the stomach
- Gastroenteritis: An infection of the bowel
- Glomerulonephritis: A condition which affects the kidneys and is characterized by inflammatory changes that occur in the glomeruli
- Head injury: Any injury that occurs to the head
- Head symptoms: Symptoms affecting the head or brain
- Heartburn: Heartburn is a burning sensation experienced behind the breastbone in the upper chest due to regurgitation of stomach contents.
- Hemolytic uremic syndrome: A rare condition characterized by acute kidney failure, hemolytic anemia and thrombocytopenia (reduced blood platelet count). The condition is often caused by upper respiratory infections or infectious diarrhea.
- Hepatitis A: Contagious viral infection of the liver
- Hernia: General term for an organ protruding where it should not.
- Hiatus hernia: is a protrusion of the upper part of the stomach into the thoracic cavity through a tear or weakness in the diaphragm, the most common type being sliding hiatus hernia
- Hirschsprung disease: congenital disorder of the colon in which the ganglionic nerver cells are absent leading to constipation
- Hydrocephalus: A condition which is characterized by marked dilatation of the cerebral ventricles
- Imperforate anus: A congenital disorder where the anus is missing or located in the wrong position.
- Intestinal obstruction: Any obstruction that occurs in the gastrointestinal system
- Intracranial hemorrhage: Intracranial hemorrhage is a condition in which there is bleeding within the cranium of the skull.
- Intussusception: intussusception is the sliding of one part of the intestine into another
- Kernicterus: Kernicterus refers to neurological damage (brain damage) resulting from the passageof bilirubin through the immature blood brain barrier in infants. It can occur in jaundiced infants but not all jaundiced infants will develop kernicterus.
- Kidney stones: A crystal deposit that is made of urates and phosphates that occurs in the kidneys
- Labyrinthitis: Inner ear condition affecting various ear structures
- Lead poisoning: A type of heavy metal poisoning caused by excessive exposure to lead.
- Meconium plug syndrome: A condition that can occur in newborns where a mass of thickened meconium obstructs the large intestines. The condition may occur as a result of other disorders such as cystic fibrosis, colon atresia, narrowed colon, impaired intestinal motility (Hirschsprung disease) or for no apparent reason. Often, bowel function returns to normal once the meconium plug is passed from the body.
- Meningitis: Infection of the membrane around the brain (as a symptom)
- Migraine: Severe complex headaches that occur periodically
- Mitochondrial neurogastrointestinal encephalopathy syndrome: A rare genetic disorder which affects a number of body systems and manifests results in symptoms such as droopy eyelids, progressive eye muscle weakness, gastrointestinal dysmotility, brain disease, thin body, peripheral neuropathy and muscle disease.
- Motion sickness: sense of balance and equilibrium disturbed by normal motion
- Motion-sickness: sense of balance and equilibrium disturbed by normal motion
- Mouth symptoms: Symptoms of the mouth or oral area.
- Nerve symptoms: Symptoms affecting the nerves
- Organic acid disorder:
- Pancreatitis: Any inflammation that occurs in the pancreas
- Phenylketonuria: A metabolic disorder where there is a deficiency of the enzyme phenylalanine hydroxylase which leads to a harmful buildup of the phenylalanine in the body. Normally the phenylalanine is converted into tyrosine. The severity of the symptoms can range from severe enough to cause mental retardation to mild enough not to require treatment. Severity is determined by the level of impairment of enzyme activity of phenylalanine hydroxylase.
- Pneumonia: Lung infection or inflammation (as a symptom)
- Poisoning: The condition produced by poison
- Pregnancy symptoms: Symptoms related to pregnancy.
- Psychological problems: Symptoms affecting emotional or psychological factors.
- Pyloric stenosis: Narrowed opening between stomach and intestines
- Respiratory symptoms: Symptoms affecting the breathing systems.
- Reye's syndrome: is a potentially fatal disease that causes numerous detrimental effects to many organs, especially the brain and liver
- Separation anxiety disorder: Excessive anxiety over separation
- Sepsis: The presence of microorganisms in the blood circulation
- Stomach symptoms: Symptoms affecting the stomach.
- Superior mesenteric artery syndrome: A rare condition where the third portion of the duodenum is compressed between two large blood vessels - the aorta and superior mesenteric artery.
- Testicular torsion: Twisting of a testicle's spermatic cord
- Theophylline -- Teratogenic Agent: There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Theophylline during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
- Throat infection: A condition which is characterized by an infection which is located in the throat
- Throat symptoms: Symptoms affecting the throat
- Ulcers: A defect in epithelial tissue due to necrotic inflammation
- Uremia: Build up of toxins usually excreted by the kidneys, associated with real failure in a woman who is pregnant.
- Urethral obstruction: The occurrence of obstruction to the urethra
- Viral Hepatitis: hepatitis describes inflammation of the liver. Hepatitis may be caused by alcohol, drugs, autoimmune diseases, metabolic diseases, and viruses. Viral infection accounts for more than half the cases of acute hepatitis.
- Viral gastroenteritis: Virus causing gastroenteritis of digestive tract.
- Vomiting: Vomiting or retching symptoms.
- Whooping Cough: An infectious condition caused by the bacteria Bordetella pertussis
Conditions listing medical symptoms: Vomiting in children:
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