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Diseases » Adolescent conditions » Glossary

Glossary for Adolescent conditions

  • ADHD: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a mental and behavioral disorder characterized by behavioral problems such as hyperactivity, inattention, concentration difficulty, and other mental symptoms. Typically, ADHD and associated hyperactivity is known as a childhood disorder, although ADD/ADHD in adults is known to be under-diagnosed. It is distinguished from Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD) which has a reduced focus on hyperactivity type symptoms.
  • Accidental injury: An injury that occurs accidentally
  • Acne: Pimples and blackheads on the face and skin.
  • Alcohol abuse: Excessive use of alcohol ranging from binge drinking to severe alcoholism
  • All Disease Categories: All major disease categories
  • Allergies: Immune system over-reaction to various substances.
  • Ankylosing Spondylitis: Inflammation of spinal joints similar to rheumatoid arthritis.
  • Anorexia: Any type of appetite loss; often refers to anorexia nervosa
  • Anxiety disorders: Anxiety disorders are persistent and excessive feelings of fear, worry or uneasiness that are significant enough to have an impact on day-to-day life. Excessive anxiety can have repercussions on physical and mental health. There are a number of different subtypes of anxiety disorders such as General anxiety, Social anxiety, Phobias, Hypochondria and Obsessive compulsive disorder.
  • Asthma: Repeated attacks of breathing difficulty.
  • Autoimmune diseases: A group of disorders in which the primary cause is the an inflammatory reaction caused by the body's own immune system attacking tissues
  • Bulimia nervosa: Eating disorder with binging (overeating) and purging (vomiting).
  • Chlamydia: Common sexually transmitted disease often without symptoms.
  • Common cold: A cold is a relatively minor contagious infection of the nose and throat that can be caused by a number of different viruses (e.g. rhinoviruses, coronaviruses). There are over 200 different viruses that have the potential to cause the common cold. Although colds can cause discomfort they are not considered a serious condition.
  • Dental conditions: Conditions that affect ones dentition
  • Depression: Various syndromes with excessive anxiety, phobias, or fear.
  • Drug abuse: Addiction to any of various illicit drugs.
  • Dysmenorrhea: Pain, cramping, or discomfort due to menstruation
  • Eating disorders: Various mental disorders impairing normal eating or appetite.
  • Epstein-Barr virus: Common virus causing mononucleosis
  • Flu: Very common viral respiratory infection.
  • Generalized anxiety disorder: Excessive anxiety and worrying.
  • Genital herpes: Sexually transmitted infection of the genital region.
  • Gonorrhea: Common sexually transmitted disease often without symptoms.
  • Gynecomastia: Enlarged male breasts
  • HIV/AIDS: HIV is a sexually transmitted virus and AIDS is the progressive immune failure that HIV causes.
  • Infectious Diarrhea: Infectious digestive infections causing diarrhea.
  • Infectious conditions: Medical conditions that can be infectious due to exposure to a pathogen.
  • Menstruation: The passage of blood and uterine tissue through the vagina cyclically
  • Mononucleosis: Common infectious virus.
  • Narcolepsy: Narcolepsy is characterized by the classic tetrad of excessive daytime sleepiness, cataplexy, hypnagogic hallucinations, and sleep paralysis.
  • Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder -- Washers and Cleaners: Obsessive-compulsive disorder is a behavioural disorder involving obsessive thoughts and compulsive acts. Washers and cleaners represent one form of manifestation of OCD and involves obsessive thoughts and compulsions about contamination of any form - germs, bacteria, viruses, dirt etc. Sufferers feel compelled to safeguard themselves and their surroundings from contamination but repeatedly washing their hands and cleaning surfaces, their clothes and other objects in their environment.
  • Osgood Schlatter Condition: A knee condition believed to be caused by excessive tendon pulling on the kneecap. The bony portion betweent the lower kneecap and upper shin becomes painful, inflamed and swollen. Continuation of certain activities such as running and jumping can make the condition worse. Symptoms usually persist for weeks or months. One or both knees may be affected.
  • Osgood-Schlatter Disease: Knee condition with inflammation of tendons and tissues.
  • Paediatric conditions: Any condition that affects a child
  • Pelvic Inflammatory Disease: Infection of the womb and fallopian tubes.
  • Phobias: Irrational fear of a particular situation, action, or item.
  • Polyarteritis: A systemic inflammation of arteries, especially involving the kidneys and gut.
  • Pregnancy: The condition of supporting a fetus from conception till birth.
  • Puberty: Sexual and physical maturation in adolescents
  • Rheumatic fever: An inflammatory disorder that can occur as a complication of untreated streptococcal bacterial infection such as strep throat or scarlet fever. The condition may affect the brain, skin, heart and joints.
  • Rheumatoid arthritis: Autoimmune form of arthritis usually in teens or young adults.
  • Schizophrenia: A psychiatric disorder characterized by hallucinations and delusional beliefs where a person is unable to distinguish between reality and imagination. The condition tends to have a chronic nature and can be severely debilitating if treatment isn't sought.
  • Sexually Transmitted Diseases: Various diseases spread by sexual contact.
  • Suicide: Taking one's own life or attempting to do so.
  • Teen health conditions: Medical conditions typically afflicting teenagers.
  • Type 1 diabetes: Severe insulin-treated diabetes typically occurring in young people.


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