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Diseases » Tetanus » Summary

What is Tetanus?

What is Tetanus?

  • Tetanus: A disease caused by chemicals which are produced by a bacterium (clostridium tetani) and are toxic to the nerves. The infection usually occurs when the bacteria enter the body through a deep wound - these bacteria are anaerobic and hence don't need oxygen to survive.
  • Tetanus: The cause of TETANUS in humans and domestic animals. It is a common inhabitant of human and horse intestines as well as soil. Two components make up its potent exotoxin activity, a neurotoxin and a hemolytic toxin.
    Source - Diseases Database
  • Tetanus: an acute and serious infection of the central nervous system caused by bacterial infection of open wounds; spasms of the jaw and laryngeal muscles may occur during the late stages.
    Source - WordNet 2.1

Ophanet, a consortium of European partners, currently defines a condition rare when it affects 1 person per 2,000. They list Tetanus as a "rare disease".
Source - Orphanet

Tetanus: Introduction

Types of Tetanus:

Types of Tetanus:

  • Generalized tetatus - severe form affecting the body's muscles.
  • Localized tetanus - milder form affecting only a local muscle group.
  • Cephalic tetanus - rare form caught from head injury or ear infection.
  • Neonatal tetanus
  • Physiological tetanus - generalized muscle spasms
  • more types...»

Broader types of Tetanus:

How many people get Tetanus?

Incidence (annual) of Tetanus: 40 annual cases notified in USA 1999 (MMWR 1999); rare due to vaccination.
Incidence Rate of Tetanus: approx 1 in 6,800,000 or 0.00% or 40 people in USA [about data]

How serious is Tetanus?

Prognosis of Tetanus: Localized tetanus can be mild or progress to generalized tetanus which is dangerous and can be fatal.
Complications of Tetanus: see complications of Tetanus

What causes Tetanus?

Causes of Tetanus: see causes of Tetanus
Cause of Tetanus: Clostridium tetani bacteria often caught in puncture wounds, but also in other wounds such as burns, ulcers, bites, surgery sites, injection sites, and umbilical cord stump.
Risk factors for Tetanus: see risk factors for Tetanus

What are the symptoms of Tetanus?

Symptoms of Tetanus: see symptoms of Tetanus

Complications of Tetanus: see complications of Tetanus

Incubation period for Tetanus: about 2-3 weeks; ranging from 2 to 50 days.

Can anyone else get Tetanus?

Contagion of Tetanus: Caught by entry of bacteria into a wound or other skin break.
More information: see contagiousness of Tetanus
Inheritance: see inheritance of Tetanus

Tetanus: Testing

Diagnostic testing: see tests for Tetanus.

Misdiagnosis: see misdiagnosis and Tetanus.

How is it treated?

Treatments for Tetanus: see treatments for Tetanus
Alternative treatments for Tetanus: see alternative treatments for Tetanus
Prevention of Tetanus: see prevention of Tetanus
Research for Tetanus: see research for Tetanus

Name and Aliases of Tetanus

Main name of condition: Tetanus

Class of Condition for Tetanus: bacterial

Other names or spellings for Tetanus:

lockjaw, Clostridium tetani

Tetanus toxin, Clostridium tetani Source - Diseases Database

Tetanus, Lockjaw
Source - WordNet 2.1

Tetanus: Related Conditions

Research the causes of these diseases that are similar to, or related to, Tetanus:


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