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Diseases » Tetanus » Glossary

Glossary for Tetanus

  • Abrasion: An area of skin or mucous membrane that has been scraped
  • Animal bite: The physical bite from any animal
  • Asphyxia: Inability to breath and suffocation
  • Bacillaceae Infections: Infection with bacteria from the Bacillaceae family. Bacillaceae infection can cause a variety of diseases depending on the specific bacteria involved e.g. anthrax, tetanus, botulism.
  • Bacterial diseases: Diseases caused by a bacterial infection
  • Broken jaw: Fracture of the jaw bone (mandible)
  • Burns: Injury from burns and scalds.
  • Cephalic tetanus: Rare severe form of tetanus of the brain and head.
  • Child health conditions: Any medical conditions typically afflicting children.
  • Conditions involving a pathogen: Medical conditions involving some type of pathogen, such as a virus or bacteria.
  • Death: The cessation of life
  • Dental abscess: Abscess of tooth, gum, or jawbone
  • Human bite: Bite from a human
  • Hypocalcemia: Low levels of calcium in the blood
  • Hysteria: Psychological disorder causing physical symptoms
  • Laceration: refers to a sharp injury which damages the dermis of the skin
  • Meningitis: Dangerous infection of the membranes surrounding the brain.
  • Mouth conditions: Any condition that affects the mouth
  • Muscle conditions: Any condition that affects the muscles of the body
  • Muscle spasm: A muscle spasm is a sudden, involuntary contraction of a muscle, a group of muscles, or a hollow organ, or a similarly sudden contraction of an orifice.
  • Muscle spasms: Involuntary movement or contraction of muscles without full control
  • Muscle symptoms: Symptoms affecting the muscles of the body
  • Muscle twitch: Small muscle spasms
  • Musculoskeletal conditions: Medical conditions affecting the musculoskeletal system of bones, muscles and related structures.
  • Neonatal tetanus: Muscle tetanus of the very young infant
  • Neuroleptic Malignant Syndrome: A severe, potentially fatal reaction to antipsychotic drugs.
  • Peritonsillar abscess: also known as quinsy
  • Prostration: Extreme exhaustion and fatigue.
  • Rabies: An infectious disease that can affect any mammal including humans and is transmitted through the saliva of an infected animal. The infectious agent is the Neurotropic lyssavirus which affects the salivary gland and also causes neurological symptoms.
  • Restlessness: state of overactive restlessness
  • Risus sardonicus: sustained abnormal spasm of the facial muscles
  • Stiff neck: Reduced mobility of the neck
  • Strychnine poisoning: Excessive ingestion of strychnine.
  • Tetanus: A disease caused by chemicals which are produced by a bacterium (clostridium tetani) and are toxic to the nerves. The infection usually occurs when the bacteria enter the body through a deep wound - these bacteria are anaerobic and hence don't need oxygen to survive.
  • Tetany: Sensation changes and muscle symptoms from low blood calcium
  • Trismus: Inability to open the jaw.
  • Tungiasis: A skin disease caused by a parasitic sand flea called Tunga penetrans which is found in the tropical parts of Africa. The female flea burrows into the skin (usually the feet) and causes localized itching and then pain. Usually the condition resolves itself but severe infestation can cause deformity and there is a risk of secondary infection and tetanus.
  • Ulcer: A local defect in the mucosa
  • Vaccine-preventable diseases: Any disease that can be prevented by the administration of a vaccine


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