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Glossary for Toni-Fanconi syndrome type 1

  • Aminoaciduria: A protein metabolism disorder where excess amino acids are present in the urine.
  • Cystinosis: A rare biochemical disorder involving the accumulation of a chemical called cystine in various parts of the body which can cause harmful effects.
  • Dehydration: Loss of fluids in the body
  • FUO: Fevers that occur for no apparent reason. The fever involves temperatures of greater than 38.3 degrees Celsius which occurs sporadically for more than three weeks. Infection and cancers are the most common causes of this type of fever.
  • Failure to thrive: Slow growth or inadequate weight gain of an infant or child.
  • Fanconi syndrome: Fanconi syndrome that occurs secondary to the accumulation of crystals of light-chain immunoglobulin molecules in the kidney tubules which affects their functioning.
  • Hereditary primary Fanconi disease: A rare inherited disorder characterized by defective reabsorption of various substances such as phosphate, potassium, amino acids and glucose which manifests as a wide range of abnormalities and problems.
  • Kidney conditions: Any condition affecting the kidney organs.
  • Metabolic disorders: Disorders that affect the metabolic system in human
  • Polyuria: Excessive urination during pregnancy.
  • Urinary system conditions: Medical conditions affecting urination, urinary organs or the urinary system.
  • Vomiting: Vomiting or retching symptoms.


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