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Diseases » TORCH Syndrome » Glossary

Glossary for TORCH Syndrome

  • Chorioretinitis: Inflammation of the choroids and retina of the eye. It can be caused by various pathogens such as bacteria, viruses, fungus or protozoa. Other noninfectious diseases such as sarcoidosis can cause abnormal deposits in the eye which can also result in inflammation.
  • Conditions involving a pathogen: Medical conditions involving some type of pathogen, such as a virus or bacteria.
  • Enlarged liver: Swelling of the liver.
  • Fetal health conditions: Medical conditions affecting the health of a fetus while inside the pregnant mother.
  • Herpesvirus: A group of DNA viruses that occur in humans
  • Jaundice: Bile or liver problem causing yellowness.
  • Low blood platelet level: Low blood platelet level refers to a condition in which there is a abnormally low number of platelets, blood cells that are important to clotting.
  • No symptoms: The absence of noticable symptoms.
  • Pregnancy-related conditions: Any condition that is related to or caused by pregnancy
  • Rubella: A contagious viral infection caused by the Rubella virus which produces a rash and lymph node swelling. It can have serious implication in pregnant women as the virus can be transmitted through the placenta and cause serious fetal defects or even fetal death.
  • Swollen spleen: Swelling or enlargement of the spleen
  • Toxoplasmosis: Infection often caught from cats and their feces.


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