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Diseases » Torsion dystonia » Glossary

Glossary for Torsion dystonia

  • Cramps: The painful spasmodic muscular contraction
  • Difficulty walking: Where ones has a problem with mobilizing on ones feet
  • Dystonia 4, Torsion, Autosomal Dominant: An inherited movement disorder where the muscles contract and contort uncontrollably due to neurological dysfunction. Usually speech is affected first.
  • Dystonia musculorum deformans type 1: A rare movement disorder where the patient suffers involuntary muscle contractions and distortion of body position. The trunk, neck and limbs are usually involved first.
  • Movement disorders: Medical conditions affecting the movement systems, such as walking or tremor.
  • Muscle conditions: Any condition that affects the muscles of the body
  • Musculoskeletal conditions: Medical conditions affecting the musculoskeletal system of bones, muscles and related structures.
  • Nervous system conditions: Diseases affecting the nerves and the nervous system.
  • Neuromuscular conditions: Conditions affecting the nerve-muscle systems.
  • Pashayan syndrome: A rare inherited condition characterized mainly by eye, nose and facial malformations.
  • Spasmodic dysphonia: A psychogenic voice disorder which has neurological origins. The vocal fold muscles spasm involuntarily during speech. May be caused by psychological factors as well as other conditions.
  • Spasms: Involuntary muscle movements without full control.
  • Writer's cramp: A condition which is characterized by cramping of the intrinsic muscles of the hand due to use
  • Ziehen-Oppenheim syndrome: A very rare genetic condition involving progressive spasming of the muscles causing the body to twist and turn.


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