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Diseases » Tourette Syndrome » Summary

What is Tourette Syndrome?

What is Tourette Syndrome?

  • Tourette Syndrome: A neurological disorder involving vocal and movement tics where where uncontrollable movements or verbal utterances are made.
  • Tourette Syndrome: neuropsychological disorder related to alterations in dopamine metabolism and neurotransmission involving frontal-subcortical neuronal circuits; both multiple motor and one or more vocal tics need to be present with tics occurring many times a day, nearly daily, over a period of more than one year; disturbance causes marked distress or significant impairment in social, occupational, or other important areas of functioning.
    Source - Diseases Database

Tourette Syndrome is listed as a "rare disease" by the Office of Rare Diseases (ORD) of the National Institutes of Health (NIH). This means that Tourette Syndrome, or a subtype of Tourette Syndrome, affects less than 200,000 people in the US population.
Source - National Institutes of Health (NIH)

Ophanet, a consortium of European partners, currently defines a condition rare when it affects 1 person per 2,000. They list Tourette Syndrome as a "rare disease".
Source - Orphanet

Tourette Syndrome: Introduction

Types of Tourette Syndrome:

Broader types of Tourette Syndrome:

How many people get Tourette Syndrome?

Prevalance of Tourette Syndrome: estimated 1-10 per 1,000 children have Tourette syndrome, Genetics Home Reference website
Prevalance Rate of Tourette Syndrome: approx 1 in 1,000 or 0.10% or 272,000 people in USA [about data]

Who gets Tourette Syndrome?

Patient Profile for Tourette Syndrome: Symptoms usually appear before 18. First tics usually noticed in childhood.

Profile for Tourette Syndrome: The symptoms of TS generally appear before the individual is 18 years old. (Source: excerpt from NINDS Tourette Syndrome Information Page: NINDS)

Gender Profile for Tourette Syndrome: More common in males

Gender Ratio for Tourette Syndrome: male:female 3:1

How serious is Tourette Syndrome?

Prognosis of Tourette Syndrome: Good. Normal life span. Not degenerative. May improve with age.
Complications of Tourette Syndrome: see complications of Tourette Syndrome
Prognosis of Tourette Syndrome: There is no cure for TS; however, the condition in many individuals improves as they mature. Individuals with TS can expect to live a normal life span. Although TS is generally lifelong and chronic, it is not degenerative. In a few cases, complete remission occurs after adolescence. (Source: excerpt from NINDS Tourette Syndrome Information Page: NINDS)

What causes Tourette Syndrome?

Causes of Tourette Syndrome: see causes of Tourette Syndrome

What are the symptoms of Tourette Syndrome?

Symptoms of Tourette Syndrome: see symptoms of Tourette Syndrome

Complications of Tourette Syndrome: see complications of Tourette Syndrome

Onset of Tourette Syndrome: usually 7-8 years of age

Can anyone else get Tourette Syndrome?

Inheritance: see inheritance of Tourette Syndrome

Tourette Syndrome: Testing

Diagnostic testing: see tests for Tourette Syndrome.

Misdiagnosis: see misdiagnosis and Tourette Syndrome.

How is it treated?

Doctors and Medical Specialists for Tourette Syndrome: Pediatrician, Psychiatrist, Neurologist ; see also doctors and medical specialists for Tourette Syndrome.
Treatments for Tourette Syndrome: see treatments for Tourette Syndrome
Research for Tourette Syndrome: see research for Tourette Syndrome

Organs Affected by Tourette Syndrome:

Organs and body systems related to Tourette Syndrome include:

Name and Aliases of Tourette Syndrome

Main name of condition: Tourette Syndrome

Class of Condition for Tourette Syndrome: behavior, genetic autosomal dominant

Other names or spellings for Tourette Syndrome:

TS, Gilles de la Tourette syndrome, Gilles de la Tourette's syndrome, Brissaud II syndrome, Guinon syndrome, coprolalia [generalized tic disorder], myospasia impulsive, chronic multiple tics, maladie de tics, TD, GTS, chronic motor and vocal tic disorder

Gilles de la Tourette syndrome Source - Diseases Database

Source - Office of Rare Diseases (ORD) of the National Institutes of Health (NIH)

Tourette Syndrome: Related Conditions

Research the causes of these diseases that are similar to, or related to, Tourette Syndrome:


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