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Diseases » Toxic megacolon » Glossary

Glossary for Toxic megacolon

  • Abdominal Pain: A condition which is characterized by the sensation of pain that is located in the abdomen
  • Abdominal conditions: Medical conditions affecting the abdominal region.
  • Abdominal mass: Abdominal swelling with hard mass felt
  • Abdominal pain: A condition which is characterized by the sensation of pain that is located in the abdomen
  • Abdominal tenderness: Abdominal point tenderness refers to the pain you feel when pressure is applied to a specific part of the belly area
  • Campylobacter fetus infection: Campylobacter fetus is a food borne bacterial infection which may vary in severity from mild to severe. The bacteria are opportunistic and mainly affect debilitated patients but can also occur in healthy patients. Abortion due to blood infection in the fetus can occur in pregnant women who become infected. The infection is less likely to cause gastrointestinal symptoms such as diarrhea than other Campylobacter infections but is prone to causing infection in other parts of the body such as the appendix, abdominal cavity, central nervous system (meningitis), gallbladder, urinary tract and blood stream. Cattle and sheep are the main source of this bacteria.
  • Campylobacter jejuni: Rod shaped bacteria causing diarrhea.
  • Chagas disease: A parasitic infection caused by the protozoa Trypanosoma cruzi and transmitted by insect bites or blood transfusions. The disease primarily involves the heart and gastrointestinal system.
  • Colorectal cancer: Cancer of the colon (bowel) or rectum.
  • Crohn's disease: Crohn's disease causes inflammation of the digestive system. It is one of a group of diseases called inflammatory bowel disease. The disease can affect any area from the mouth to the anus. It often affects the lower part of the small intestine called the ileum.
  • Death: The cessation of life
  • Dehydration: Loss of fluids in the body
  • Digestive Diseases: Diseases that affect the digestive system
  • Fever: Elevation of the body temperature above the normal 37 degrees celsius
  • Hirschsprung Disease: A condition which is characterized by the congenital dilation and hypertropohy of the colon
  • Intestinal Conditions: Conditions that affect the intestines
  • Pancolitis: Pancolitis is also known as ulcerative colitis which is an idiopathic chronicinflammatory disorder of the colon and rectum and involves the entire thickness of the colon.
  • Peritonitis: Inflammation of the lining of the abdominal cavity
  • Rapid heart beat: Excessively rapid heart beat.
  • Reiterís syndrome: A form of reactive arthritis characterized by arthritis, urethritis, conjunctivitis and skin lesions.
  • Shock: Severe condition from reduced blood circulation
  • Small bowel bacterial overgrowth syndrome: The small bowel is a part of the digestive system. A healthy small bowel contains some bacteria but in bacterial overgrowth syndrome, there are an excessive number of bacteria. Abnormal small bowel muscle function is often associated with conditions such as intestinal motility problems due to neurological diseases and muscular diseases, diabetes mellitus, small intestine obstruction and diverticulitis. It may also be caused by certain medications and abdominal surgeries.
  • Swollen belly: abdominal distension may be primary or secondary to an underlying pathology of the abdomen or any other system
  • Ulcerative colitis: Ulcerative colitis (Colitis ulcerosa, UC) is a form of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Ulcerative colitis is a form of colitis, a disease of the intestine, specifically the large intestine or colon, that includes characteristic ulcers, or open sores, in the colon.
  • Ulcerative proctosigmoiditis: Ulcerative proctosigmoiditisis an idiopathic chronicinflammatory disorder limited to the sigmoid colon and the rectum.


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