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Diseases » Transplants » Complications

Complications of Transplants

Complications list for Transplants:

The list of complications that have been mentioned in various sources for Transplants includes:

See also the symptoms of Transplants and Transplants: Introduction.

Complications of Transplants:

Since the first successful organ transplant was performed in the United States in 1954, one of the most serious problems facing transplant patients has been the possibility that their own bodies will try to reject or destroy the transplant. Rejection is part of the bodyís natural reaction to foreign invaders. A personís cells are tagged with surface molecules called major histocompatibility antigens (MHA). Much like fingerprints, MHAs are unique to an individual. Thus, when a person receives a transplant, his or her immune system identifies the foreign tags (MHAs) on the transplant and proceeds to rid the body of, or reject, the transplant. To reduce the risk of rejection, physicians try to find donors whose MHAs are as genetically close to those of the recipient as possible. Nevertheless, most transplants, with the exception of those donated by identical twins, are recognized by the patientís immune system as foreign. Rejected transplants need to be surgically removed, and if the transplant is a life-sustaining organ such as a lung, liver, or heart, a patient may die before a replacement organ is found. (Source: excerpt from Stories of Discovery Immune Tolerance Improving Transplantation Success: NIAID)

You may also want to research other symptoms in our Symptoms Center.

About complications:

Complications of Transplants are secondary conditions, symptoms, or other disorders that are caused by Transplants. In many cases the distinction between symptoms of Transplants and complications of Transplants is unclear or arbitrary.


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