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Types of Traumatic Brain Injury

Traumatic Brain Injury: Types list

The list of types of Traumatic Brain Injury mentioned in various sources includes:

  • Focal brain injury - one local area of damage
  • Diffuse brain injury - multiple areas of damage

Types discussion:

TBI can result from a closed head injury or a penetrating head injury. A closed head injury occurs when the head suddenly and violently hits an object, but the object does not break through the skull. A penetrating head injury occurs when an object pierces the skull and enters the brain tissue. Several types of traumatic injuries can affect the head and brain. A skull fracture occurs when the bone of the skull cracks or breaks. A depressed skull fracture occurs when pieces of the broken skull press into the tissue of the brain. This can cause bruising of the brain tissue, called a contusion. A contusion can also occur in response to shaking of the brain within the confines of the skull, an injury called "countrecoup." Shaken baby syndrome is a severe form of head injury that occurs when a baby is shaken forcibly enough to cause extreme countrecoup injury. Damage to a major blood vessel within the head can cause a hematoma, or heavy bleeding into or around the brain. (Source: excerpt from NINDS Traumatic Brain Injury Information Page: NINDS)

Traumatic Brain Injury: Rare Types

Rare types of medical conditions and diseases in related medical categories:

Traumatic Brain Injury: Related Disease Topics

More general medical disease topics related to Traumatic Brain Injury include:

Research More About Traumatic Brain Injury


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