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Diseases » Trigeminal neuralgia » Glossary

Glossary for Trigeminal neuralgia

  • Cheek pain: A feeling of distress and agony caused by the stimulation of pain nerve endings in the cheek
  • Chronic pain: Ongoing pain of any type
  • Dental abscess: Abscess of tooth, gum, or jawbone
  • Dental caries: A destructive process causing decalcification of the tooth enamel leading to cavitation of the tooth
  • Face symptoms: Symptoms affecting the face
  • Facial pain: Pain affecting the face
  • Fothergill disease: Episodes of severe facial pain that lasts from seconds to minutes and involves the trigeminal nerve.
  • Glossopharyngeal neuralgia: A condition which is characterized by sever pain that originates on the side of the throat and extends to the ear
  • Head Conditions: Conditions that affect the head
  • Headache: In medicine a headache or cephalalgia is a symptom of a number of different conditions of the head and sometimes neck. Some of the causes are benign while others are medical emergencies. It ranks among the most common pain complaints
  • Jaw pain: Pain affecting the jaw or jawbone
  • Lyme disease: Lyme disease is an emerging infectious disease caused by at least three species of bacteria belonging to the genus Borrelia.
  • Middle ear infection: Infection of middle ear also called otitis media.
  • Mouth conditions: Any condition that affects the mouth
  • Multiple Sclerosis: Autoimmune attack on spinal nerves causing diverse and varying neural problems.
  • Nervous system conditions: Diseases affecting the nerves and the nervous system.
  • Neuralgia: Pain associated with a particular nerve.
  • Osteopetrosis autosomal dominant type 1: A very rare dominantly inherited syndrome characterized mainly by increased bone density. The increased bone density results because old bone is not resorbed and replaced with new bone. Only 33 cases in 3 families have been reported. In type I, the increased bone density occurs throughout the body with the skull being the most affected. There is no associated increase in risk of fractures. Many cases are asymptomatic.
  • Pain conditions: Diseases characterized by pain and pain-like symptoms.
  • Parry Romberg Syndrome: Wasting away of one side of the face.
  • Possible human carcinogenic exposure -- Phenytoin: Some evidence indicates that exposure to Phenytoin (an anticonvulsant medication) has a possible link to an increased risk of developing cancer in humans. The carcinogenicity of the substance may be influenced by the duration and level of exposure.
  • Sialadenitis: Salivary gland inflammation due to obstruction of the salivary gland or a duct.
  • TMJ Syndrome: Disorder of the jaw joint
  • Temporal arteritis: Inflamed head artery causing headache.
  • Trigeminal neuralgia: Trigeminal neuralgia is a very painful inflammation of the nerve (trigeminal nerve) that delivers sensations to the face and "surface" of the eye.
  • Valproic Acid -- Teratogenic Agent: There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Valproic Acid during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.


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