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Diseases » Trisomy conditions » Glossary

Glossary for Trisomy conditions

  • Chromosome conditions: Various genetic conditions where a chromosome is partially or totally misplaced.
  • Cri-du-chat syndrome: A rare genetic disorder where a small portion of the short arm (p) of chromosome 5 is missing. The condition is characterized by a high-pitched cry which is similar to a cat's cry.
  • Down Syndrome: A chromosome syndrome causing physical effects and mental retardation.
  • Edwards Syndrome: A rare inherited genetic disorder where a portion of chromosome 18 is duplicated. Most affected individuals die during the fetal stage and surviving infants have serious defects and tend to live for only a short while.
  • Genetic Disease: Any disease that is handed down to oneself through the chromosomes of ones parents
  • Patau syndrome: A condition characterised by autosomal trisomy
  • Trisomy 22: A disorder that is characterised by the occurrence of three copies of chromosome 22


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