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Prevention of Typhoid fever

Prevention of Typhoid fever:

Methods of prevention of Typhoid fever mentioned in various sources includes those listed below. This prevention information is gathered from various sources, and may be inaccurate or incomplete. None of these methods guarantee prevention of Typhoid fever.

Medications used to prevent Typhoid fever:

Some of the different medications in the possible prevention of Typhoid fever include:

  • Salmonella typhi Vi Capsular Polysaccharide Vaccine
  • Typherix
  • Typhoid Vaccine
  • Vivotif Berna
  • Typhim Vi

Note:You must always seek professional medical advice about any treatment or change in treatment plans.

Clinical Trials for Typhoid fever

Some of the clinical trials for Typhoid fever include:

Treatments for Typhoid fever

Treatments to consider for Typhoid fever may include:

Prevention of Typhoid fever:

Typhoid Fever (General): DBMD (Excerpt)

Typhoid fever can be prevented and can usually be treated with antibiotics. If you are planning to travel outside the United States, you should know about typhoid fever and what steps you can take to protect yourself. (Source: excerpt from Typhoid Fever (General): DBMD)

Typhoid Fever (General): DBMD (Excerpt)

Two basic actions can protect you from typhoid fever:
1. Avoid risky foods and drinks.
2. Get vaccinated against typhoid fever.

It may surprise you, but watching what you eat and drink when you travel is as important as being vaccinated. This is because the vaccines are not completely effective. Avoiding risky foods will also help protect you from other illnesses, including travelers' diarrhea, cholera, dysentery, and hepatitis A. (Source: excerpt from Typhoid Fever (General): DBMD)

Typhoid Fever (General): DBMD (Excerpt)

"Boil it, cook it, peel it, or forget it"

  • If you drink water, buy it bottled or bring it to a rolling boil for 1 minute before you drink it. Bottled carbonated water is safer than uncarbonated water.
  • Ask for drinks without ice unless the ice is made from bottled or boiled water. Avoid popsicles and flavored ices that may have been made with contaminated water.
  • Eat foods that have been thoroughly cooked and that are still hot and steaming.
  • Avoid raw vegetables and fruits that cannot be peeled. Vegetables like lettuce are easily contaminated and are very hard to wash well.
  • When you eat raw fruit or vegetables that can be peeled, peel them yourself. (Wash your hands with soap first.) Do not eat the peelings.
  • Avoid foods and beverages from street vendors. It is difficult for food to be kept clean on the street, and many travelers get sick from food bought from street vendors.
(Source: excerpt from Typhoid Fever (General): DBMD)

Typhoid Fever (General): DBMD (Excerpt)

Getting vaccinated

If you are traveling to a country where typhoid is common, you should consider being vaccinated against typhoid. Visit a doctor or travel clinic to discuss your vaccination options.

Remember that you will need to complete your vaccination at least 1 week before you travel so that the vaccine has time to take effect. Typhoid vaccines lose effectiveness after several years; if you were vaccinated in the past, check with your doctor to see if it is time for a booster vaccination. Taking antibiotics will not prevent typhoid fever; they only help treat it.

The chart below provides basic information on typhoid vaccines that are available in the United States.

Vaccine Name How given Number of doses necessary Time between doses Total time needed to set aside for vaccination Minimum age for vaccination Booster needed every...
Ty21a (Vivotif Berna, Swiss Serum and Vaccine Institute) 1 capsule by mouth 4 2 days 2 weeks 6 years 5 years
ViCPS (Typhim Vi, Pasteur Merieux) Injection 1 N/A 1 week 2 years 2 years

The parenteral heat-phenol-inactivated vaccine (manufactured by Wyeth-Ayerst) has been discontinued. (Source: excerpt from Typhoid Fever (General): DBMD)

Prevention Claims: Typhoid fever

Information on prevention of Typhoid fever comes from many sources. There are some sources that claim preventive benefits for many different diseases for various products. We may present such information in the hope that it may be useful, however, in some cases claims of Typhoid fever prevention may be dubious, invalid, or not recognized in mainstream medicine. Please discuss any treatment, discontinuation of treatment, or change of treatment plans with your doctor or professional medical specialist.


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