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Diagnostic Tests » Protein electrophoresis

Protein electrophoresis

Protein electrophoresis

Protein electrophoresis: The protein electrophoresis test is used to measure the concentration of prealbumin, albumin, and globulins in the blood; this test involves separating the proteins according to their electrical charge; may include immunofixation electrophoresis with immune-specific antibodies. The specific pattern observed is used to diagnose a particular disease.

Protein electrophoresis: Other Names

Other names for Protein electrophoresis include:

  • Total serum protein
  • Serum protein electrophoresis
  • Urine electrophoresis

Diseases Associated with Protein electrophoresis

These diseases or medical conditions may be diagnosed by, screened for, or associated with Protein electrophoresis:

  • Dehydration (increased albumin)
  • Malnutrition (decreased albumin, beta globulin)
  • Acute infections
  • Chronic infection
  • Cirrhosis (decreased albumin)
  • Hepatocellular necrosis (decreased albumin)
  • Malabsorption (decreased albumin)
  • Overhydration (decreased albumin)
  • Inflammatory disease (decreased albumin, increased alpha-1 globulin)
  • Familial idiopathic dysproteinemia (decreased albumin)
  • Juvenile pulmonary emphysema (decreased alpha-1 globulin)
  • Nephrotic syndrome (increased alpha-2 globulin)
  • Hemolysis (decreased alpha-2 globulin)
  • Wilson disease (decreased alpha-2 globulin)
  • Hypercholesterolemia (increased beta globulin)
  • Iron-deficiency anemia (increased beta globulin)
  • Multiple myeloma (increased gamma globulin)
  • Waldenstrom macroglobulinemia (increased gamma globulin)
  • Chronic inflammatory disease (increased gamma globulin)
  • Genetic, primary immunodeficiency (decreased gamma globulin)
  • Secondary immunodeficiency (decreased gamma globulin)

Basic Information: Protein electrophoresis

Disease or Condition count: 0; see list of conditions below. These are the diseases or medical conditions in which the medical test 'Protein electrophoresis' may be involved.

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