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Travel Health » Brazil

Brazil : Travel Health

WARNING! This information is out-dated and likely to be inaccurate!

Researching Travel Plans

Please note that this health information about Brazil may be out-of-date. Always research the current health conditions and issues in any region you plan to visit prior to departure.

Infectious Diseases and Medical Concerns for Brazil

The following medical diseases or health concerns are more common in travel to Brazil (compared to the USA and other areas of the Western World):

More Common Diseases and Medical Concerns for Brazil

The following health concerns or diseases are more commonly found in Brazil compared to the USA and other areas of the Western World:

Epidemics for Brazil

The following health concerns, diseases or comments are related to epidemics in Brazil:

Less Common Diseases and Health Concerns for Brazil

The following health concerns or medical diseases are less commonly found in Brazil compared to the USA and other areas of the Western World:

  • Coccidioidomycosis / Valley fever - only if involved in soil disturbing activities e.g. construction, mining, agriculture etc

Vaccinations for Travel to Brazil

The following medical vaccinations are desirable or helpful for travel to Brazil to prevent contagious diseases in Brazil:

  • hepatitis A - or immune globulin (IG)
  • hepatitis B - if risk of exposure to blood/bodily fluid or medical treatment or if your stay will be longer than 6 months then all infants and children 11-12 years who did not complete the series as infants
  • rabies - if you might be exposed to wild or domestic animals through your work or recreation
  • typhoid
  • yellow fever - if going outside urban areas
  • tetanus - booster dose as needed
  • diphtheria - booster dose as needed
  • measles - booster dose as needed

Preventions or Health Precautions for Travel to Brazil

Any health risk of travel to Brazil may be reduced by the following precautionary health measures when visiting Brazil:

  • Take your malaria prevention medication before/during/after travel as directed
  • high rate of motor vehicle trauma - avoid night driving and wear seatbelts
  • mosquito bite prevention
  • insect bite protection
  • avoid drinking non-treated water - only drink bottled or canned water
  • eat only thoroughly cooked food or fruits and vegetables you have peeled yourself
  • keep feet clean and dry - help prevent parasitic infections
  • do not go barefoot - help prevent parasitic infections
  • always use latex condoms to reduce the risk of HIV and other sexually transmitted diseases
  • don't eat food purchased from street vendors
  • don't drink beverages with ice
  • don't share needles with anyone
  • don't handle animals (especially monkeys/dogs/cats) - to avoid bites and serious diseases (including rabies and plague - risk for travelers is small)
  • don't swim in fresh water. Salt water is usually safer

Other Relevant Issues for Travel to Brazil

The following may be issues relevant to travel to Brazil:

  • high level medical care where facilities are comparable to other industrialised countries are available in Sao Paulo and Rio de Janeiro, adequate private facilities at the standard of industrialized countries area available in major cities, facilities outside this area are substandard

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