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Diseases » Varicose veins » Glossary
 

Glossary for Varicose veins

  • Aicardi syndrome: A rare genetic disorder where the structure connecting the two halves of the brain fails to develop which results in seizures and eye abnormalities .
  • Ankle swelling: Ankle swelling often from injury or fluid retention.
  • Aortic dilatation- joint hypermobility- arterial tortuosity: A rare syndrome characterized by the dilation of the aortic root, hyperextensible joints and varicose veins
  • Arterial tortuosity syndrome: A rare disorder which affects the connective tissue that makes up blood vessels resulting in various arterial abnormalities. Connective tissue abnormalities also affect the skin and joints.
  • Arthritis: General name for any type of joint inflammation, but often means age-related osteoarthritis.
  • Ataxia Telangiectasia: A rare inherited childhood disorder involving progressive degeneration of the nervous system.
  • Autosomal Recessive Polycystic Kidney Disease: Severe form of PKD, a genetic kidney disease.
  • Bleeding symptoms: Any type of bleeding symptoms.
  • Blood vessel conditions: Conditions that affect the blood vessels
  • CREST syndrome: Group of symptoms usually related to systemic sclerosis
  • Carcinoid syndrome: Carcinoid heart disease is a rare, metastatic disease that occurs predominantly in the right heart. The tricuspid and pulmonic valves are affected, leading to right heart failure, which results in increased morbidity and mortality.
  • Chronic constipation: Long term decrease in mass and frequency of bowel motions and difficulty passing bowel motions.
  • Chronic cough: The chronic noisy sudden expulsion of air from the respiratory tract
  • Circulatory system conditions: Medical conditions affecting the heart and the circulatory system.
  • Cirrhosis of the liver: Scarring of the liver from alcohol or other causes.
  • Cohen-Hayden syndrome: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by mental retardation, eye defect and various growth abnormalities of the bone, skin and head.
  • De Sanctis-Cacchione syndrome: A rare genetic ectodermal disorder characterized by sunlight sensitivity, skin atrophy and pigmentation and skin tumors as well neurologic involvement.
  • Deep vein thrombosis: Blood clot in vein, often in calf muscle vein in the leg.
  • Distichiasis with Congenital Anomalies of the heart and Peripheral Vasculature: A very rare condition characterized by congenital heart defects, a double row of eyelashes (distichiasis) and peripheral blood vessel anomalies.
  • EDS V: A rare genetic connective tissue disorder characterized by skin hyperextensibility, moderate joint hypermobility and moderate vascular fragility.
  • Ehlers Danlos syndrome type 4, autosomal dominant: A rare genetic connective tissue disorder characterized by delicate skin, fragile blood vessels, distinctive facial features and minimal joint problems - previously known as EDS type 4.
  • Ehlers-Danlos syndrome Type I: A rare genetic connective tissue disorder characterized by hyperextensible joints, hyperextensible skin and poor wound healing.
  • Ehlers-Danlos syndrome type 4: A rare genetic connective tissue disorder characterized by small joint hypermobility, easy bruising and characteristic facial appearance - a vascular or ecchymotic form of the condition.
  • Ehlers-Danlos syndrome type IV: A rare genetic connective tissue disorder characterized by small joint hypermobility, easy bruising and characteristic facial appearance - a vascular or ecchymotic form of the condition.
  • Ehlers-Danlos syndrome type V: A rare genetic connective tissue disorder characterized by skin hyperextensibility, moderate joint hypermobility and moderate vascular fragility.
  • Ehlers-Danlos syndrome, progeroid form: A connective tissue disorder caused by an enzyme (xylosylprotein 4-beta-galactosyl transferase) deficiency.
  • Ehlers-Danlos syndrome, vascular type: A rare genetic connective tissue disorder characterized by delicate skin, fragile blood vessels, distinctive facial features and minimal joint problems - previously known as EDS type 4.
  • Fabry's Disease: Genetic fat storage disorder
  • Foot swelling: Oedema of the foot.
  • Glomerulonephritis -- sparse hair -- telangiectases: A rare syndrome characterized by sparse hair, kidney disease and enlarged skin blood vessels (telangiectasia).
  • Hemorrhoids: Swollen blood vessels around the anus.
  • Hyperpigmentation: Excess skin pigment or coloration
  • Intermittent Claudication: Calf muscle pain from walking
  • Kanzaki disease: A very rare inherited metabolic disorder where deficiency of an enzyme (alpha-N-acetylgalactosaminidase) causes glycoplids to accumulate in body tissues and result in various symptoms. Type 2 occurs during the second or third decade of life and is milder than type I and doesn't involve neurological degeneration.
  • Klippel Trenaunay Weber syndrome: A rare genetic disorder characterized by benign skin growths made up of blood vessels, overgrowth of various limb tissues and varicose veins.
  • Leg injury: Any injury that occurs to ones legs
  • Leg pain: Pain affecting the leg
  • Leg swelling: Swelling of one or both legs
  • Leg symptoms: Symptoms affecting the leg
  • Leg ulcers: Ulcers or sores on the legs.
  • Lipodermatosclerosis: A rare condition that affects the skin above the ankles. It tends to occur in people with chronic vein problems which affects the blood flow the this area of skin. The skin becomes smooth, brown, tight and painful.
  • Lupus: Autoimmune disease with numerous effects on various organs and linings.
  • N-acetyl-alpha-D-galactosaminidase: A very rare enzyme deficiency (N-acetyl-alpha-D-galactosaminidase) which can occur in three forms: type I (infantile-onset neuroaxonal dystrophy), type II or Kanzaki disease (adult-onset) and type III (mild or moderate form).
  • Obesity: An increase in the body weight greater than that required for normal function that is characterised by the accumulation of excessive fat
  • Osler's disease: Genetic disease causing multiple teleangiectasias
  • Peripheral neuropathy: Peripheral neuropathy is the term for damage to nerves of the peripheral nervous system, which may be caused either by diseases of the nerve or from the side-effects of systemic illness.
  • Phlebitis: Inflammation of a vein.
  • Poikiloderma of Rothmund-Thomson: A rare disease which causes sufferers to have a senile-like appearance with skin, growth, hair and eye abnormalities.
  • Polycystic kidney disease, infantile type: Severe form of polycystic kidney disease which is a genetic kidney disease. Symptoms develop very early in life and may even be present during the fetal stage.
  • Pregnancy: The condition of supporting a fetus from conception till birth.
  • Proteus like syndrome mental retardation eye defect: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by mental retardation, eye defect and various growth abnormalities of the bone, skin and head.
  • Pulmonary edema: Severe condition of excess fluid in the lungs.
  • REST syndrome: A condition that is similar to CREST syndrome but doesn't include calcinosis. The disorder affects the skin, blood vessels and digestive tract.
  • Rosacea: Inflammatory rash affecting cheeks, nose, forehead, chin
  • Schindler disease: Schindler disease is a rare congenital metabolic disorder involving a deficiency of a particular enzyme (alpha-N-acetylgalactosaminidase) which results in a buildup of glycoproteins in the body. The condition originates from a genetic mutation and is an inherited disorder. There are three main types of this condition, each with varying severity. The most severe form usually results in death within a few years of birth whereas the mild form doesn't cause symptoms until after the age of 30. The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on which form of the disease is involved.
  • Scleroderma: A rare, progressive connective tissue disorder involving thickening and hardening of the skin and connective tissue. There are a number of forms of scleroderma with some forms being systemic (involving internal organs).
  • Sphingolipidosis: A group of diseases involving the abnormal metabolism and storage of a substance called sphingolipid. Symptoms will vary depending on the disease. Examples of diseases from this group include gangliosidosis, Gaucher's disease and Niemann-Pick disease.
  • Superficial thrombophlebitis: Inflammation of a vein wall
  • Telangiectasia: The permanent dilation of pre-existing small blood vessels
  • Torticollis, keloids, cryptorchidism, renal dysplasia: A rare genetic condition characterized by undescended testes, kidney defects, torticollis and the formation of keloids which are scar-like elevations on the skin. The symptoms occur in males though females carriers can have mild symptoms.
  • Ulcer: A local defect in the mucosa
  • Varicocele: Varicose veins around the testes
  • Varicose eczema: Varicose eczema is a chronic skin condition that involves the skin on or near varicose veins in the legs - usually the skin on the ankles are affected. Varicose veins occur when the valves in particular blood vessels malfunction and allow the blood to flow backwards. The condition is more likely to occur in people who are overweight.
  • Varicose ulcers: A condition which is characterized by an ulcer due varicose veins
  • Vein disorders: Any disorder that affects the veins of an individual
  • Vein symptoms: Symptoms affecting the veins (blood vessels)
  • Venous Insufficiency: A condition where the valves in the leg veins are unable to pump blood to the heart which causes blood to pool below the defective valves.
  • Wegener's granulomatosis: A rare disease involving blood vessel inflammation which can affect the blood flow to various tissues and organs and hence cause damage. The respiratory system and the kidneys are the main systems affected.
  • Womens health conditions: Medical conditions related to women's health.
  • Xeroderma pigmentosum: A rare pigmentary disease that is caused by an enzyme deficiency
  • Xeroderma pigmentosum, type 1: A rare genetic disorder where the enzyme that repairs DNA damage done by UV radiation is defective. It is characterized by sensitivity to sunlight, skin pigmentation and atrophy and actinic skin tumors. The different types of xeroderma pigmentosum vary in the body's ability to repair the damage to DNA done by UV radiation - type 1 has the lowest level of repair and the most neurological complications.
  • Xeroderma pigmentosum, type 2: A rare genetic disorder where the enzyme that repairs DNA damage done by UV radiation is defective. It is characterized by sensitivity to sunlight, skin pigmentation and atrophy and actinic skin tumors. The different types of xeroderma pigmentosum vary in the body's ability to repair the damage to DNA done by UV radiation. Type B is often associated with signs of Cockayne syndrome.
  • Xeroderma pigmentosum, type 3: A rare genetic disorder where the enzyme that repairs DNA damage done by UV radiation is defective. It is characterized by sensitivity to sunlight, skin pigmentation and atrophy and actinic skin tumors. The different types of xeroderma pigmentosum vary in the body's ability to repair the damage to DNA done by UV radiation. Neurological symptoms are rarely experienced in type 3.
  • Xeroderma pigmentosum, type 4: A rare genetic disorder where the enzyme that repairs DNA damage done by UV radiation is defective. It is characterized by sensitivity to sunlight, skin pigmentation and atrophy and actinic skin tumors. The different types of xeroderma pigmentosum vary in the body's ability to repair the damage to DNA done by UV radiation. Type D involves neurological symptoms.
  • Xeroderma pigmentosum, type 5: A rare genetic disorder where the enzyme that repairs DNA damage done by UV radiation is defective. It is characterized by sensitivity to sunlight, skin pigmentation and atrophy and actinic skin tumors. The different types of xeroderma pigmentosum vary in the body's ability to repair the damage to DNA done by UV radiation. Type E is a very rare form of the condition and involves mild skin symptoms with no neurological symptoms.
  • Xeroderma pigmentosum, type 6: A rare genetic disorder where the enzyme that repairs DNA damage done by UV radiation is defective. It is characterized by sensitivity to sunlight, skin pigmentation and atrophy and actinic skin tumors. The different types of xeroderma pigmentosum vary in the body's ability to repair the damage to DNA done by UV radiation. The skin and neurological symptoms in Type 6 tend to be mild.
  • Xeroderma pigmentosum, type 7: A rare genetic disorder where the enzyme that repairs DNA damage done by UV radiation is defective. It is characterized by sensitivity to sunlight, skin pigmentation and atrophy and actinic skin tumors. The different types of xeroderma pigmentosum vary in the body's ability to repair the damage to DNA done by UV radiation. Type G usually involves severe neurological symptoms.
  • Zieve syndrome: Liver and blood abnormalities caused by heavy alcohol consumption.

 

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