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Diseases » Vesicoureteral reflux » Glossary
 

Glossary for Vesicoureteral reflux

  • BEEC: A rare syndrome characterized by a birth defect where the bladder is inside out and protrudes from the lower abdominal wall. The urethra and genitals are also abnormally formed. The degree of malformation is variable.
  • Bedwetting: is involuntary urination while asleep after the age at which bladder control would normally be anticipated.
  • Bladder conditions: Any condition affecting the bladder
  • Chromosome 2 trisomy syndrome: A rare chromosomal disorder where there are three copies of chromosome 2 instead of the normal two.
  • Cystitis: Bladder infection or inflammation
  • Del (2) (q23-q24.3): A rare chromosomal disorder characterized by various anomalies. The listed symptoms are those observed in one reported case. The manifestations linked to most genetic defects are often variable to some degree.
  • Dup (2) (q33-qter): A rare chromosomal disorder characterized by various anomalies. The listed symptoms are those observed in the few reported cases. The manifestations linked to most genetic defects are often variable to some degree.
  • Dup (3) (pter-p24): A rare chromosomal disorder characterized by various anomalies. The listed symptoms are those observed in one reported case. The manifestations linked to most genetic defects are often variable to some degree.
  • EEC syndrome: A rare genetic disorder characterized by absence of fingers and toes, ectodermal dysplasia and cleft lip or cleft palate.
  • Enuresis: is involuntary urination while asleep after the age at which bladder control would normally be anticipated.
  • Hardikar syndrome: A very rare disorder characterized by obstructive liver disease, cleft lip, cleft palate, eye and urogenital abnormalities.
  • High blood pressure: High blood pressure
  • Hydronephrosis: Swollen kidneys from retained urine
  • Hypertension: High blood pressure
  • Infection: Infections as a symptom.
  • Kidney conditions: Any condition affecting the kidney organs.
  • Kidney failure: Total failure of the kidneys to filter waste
  • Kidney symptoms: Symptoms affecting one or both kidneys.
  • Mungan syndrome: A recessively inherited disorder characterized by heart abnormalities and gastrointestinal abnormalities. Death has occurred in some cases during the late teenage years.
  • Neurogenic bladder: Problems with the nerves controlling the bladder and urination.
  • Optic nerve coloboma with renal disease: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by kidney disease and a gap in the optic nerve which causes vision problems.
  • Protein in urine: An increase in the protein in the urine above normal levels
  • Pyelonephritis: Kidney and ureter infection usually bacterial from the bladder.
  • Reflux nephropathy: A condition which is characterized by reflux of urine from the bladder back up the ureters
  • Urinary disorders: Any disorder that affects the urinary system
  • Urinary system conditions: Medical conditions affecting urination, urinary organs or the urinary system.
  • Velocardiofacial syndrome: A genetic disorder which can present with a wide range of phenotypic manifestations which has lead to a number of different names being assigned to the various presentations e.g. DiGeorge Syndrome and Cayler Anomaly Face Syndrome. There are nearly 200 different symptoms that can occur and the severity of the condition is also highly variable depending on the nature and severity of the symptoms that are present.
  • Vesicoureteral reflux: Reverse flow of urine from bladder back into kidneys.
  • Williams Syndrome: A syndrome characterised by mental retardation, facial abnormalities and emotional instability

 

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