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Glossary for Vestibulocochlear Nerve Diseases

  • Acoustic neuroma: A benign tumor of the 8th cranial nerve which lies in the tube connecting the inner ear to the brain.
  • Barakat syndrome: A rare condition characterized by deafness, kidney disease and insufficiency parathyroid hormone production.
  • Bjornstad syndrome: An inherited condition characterized by twisted hairs and nerve deafness.
  • Brown-Vialetto-Van Laere syndrome: A very rare progressive disorder characterized by nerve deafness and cranial (and sometimes spinal) nerve paralysis.
  • Cerebral Palsy: Any brain disorder causing movement disability
  • Cholesteatoma: Uncommon middle ear condition
  • Cockayne syndrome: A rare genetic disorder characterized by a senile-like appearance, hearing and vision impairment and sun sensitive skin.
  • Coordination and balance conditions: Medical disorders of the systems of balance and coordination.
  • Craniofacial -- deafness -- hand syndrome: A very rare syndrome characterized by facial anomalies, deafness and hand abnormalities.
  • Dizziness: Feelings of lightheadedness or giddiness.
  • Down Syndrome: A chromosome syndrome causing physical effects and mental retardation.
  • Ear and Hearing conditions: Medical conditions affecting the ears or the hearing systems.
  • Enlarged vestibular aqueduct syndrome: An ear disorder involving progressive hearing loss that starts during childhood. The disorder is caused by abnormal fluid movement within the ear structures due to the large size of some of the structures that hold the fluid. The fluid canal actually doesn't fully mature until the child reaches the age of about 4. Head trauma can make the condition worse in young children.
  • Fechtner syndrome: A rare condition characterized by the presence of large blood platelets, kidney inflammation, deafness and abnormal leukocytes.
  • Head Conditions: Conditions that affect the head
  • Headache: In medicine a headache or cephalalgia is a symptom of a number of different conditions of the head and sometimes neck. Some of the causes are benign while others are medical emergencies. It ranks among the most common pain complaints
  • Hearing impairment: Reduced ability to hear sounds.
  • Jensen syndrome: A rare genetic disorder characterized by degeneration of the optic nerve (causing impaired vision), deafness due to nerve damage and dementia due to calcification of the central nervous system. Death usually results by about the age of 40 with extensive calcification of all parts of the nervous system.
  • Jones syndrome: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by progressive hearing loss and gum tumors.
  • Kernicterus: A rare condition involving high blood levels of bilirubin which can also accumulate in the brain and lead to neurological problems.
  • Keutel syndrome: A rare genetic syndrome characterized by narrowing of blood flow through the pulmonary artery, calcification of cartilage (such as in nose, ear, ribs) and short end bones on fingers and toes
  • Lassa fever: Infectious rat-borne West African disease.
  • MELAS: A mitochondrial disorder characterized by stroke-like episodes, headaches, vomiting and other neurological symptoms.
  • Marshall syndrome: A rare genetic disorder characterized by a distinctive face and vision and hearing impairment.
  • Melnick-Fraser syndrome: A rare genetic disorder characterized by hearing loss and kidney malformations. Type 1 involves a defect on the EYA1 gene on chromosome 8q13.3.
  • Meningoencephalitis: A condition which is characterized by inflammation of the brain and meninges
  • Mohr-Tranebjaerg syndrome: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by nerve degeneration. Deafness usually occurs early in life.
  • Muckle-Wells syndrome: An inherited condition characterized by amyloidosis (protein deposits), deafness, hives and limb pain.
  • Multiple Sclerosis: Autoimmune attack on spinal nerves causing diverse and varying neural problems.
  • Myhre Syndrome: A very rare inherited disorder characterized by retarded growth, mental retardation, bone abnormalities and distinctive facial features.
  • Nausea: The queasy feeling of nausea and often also vomiting.
  • Nerve deafness: A condition which is characterized by deafness caused by a problem with the neurological supply
  • Nervous system conditions: Diseases affecting the nerves and the nervous system.
  • Noise-Induced Hearing Loss: Hearing loss from loud noise exposure.
  • Otodental dysplasia: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by ear and tooth abnormalities. The back teeth are large and have bulbous crowns without the normal grooves and features.
  • Paget's disease of bone: A chronic, slowly progressing bone disorder where the bone is destroyed rapidly and replaced by abnormal bone which is dense and fragile.
  • Rubella: A contagious viral infection caused by the Rubella virus which produces a rash and lymph node swelling. It can have serious implication in pregnant women as the virus can be transmitted through the placenta and cause serious fetal defects or even fetal death.
  • Sensorineural deafness: A condition which is characterized by deafness due to a sensineural deficit
  • Sensorineural hearing loss: Hearing loss due to abnormal functioning or damage to the hearing nerve or the cochlea (inner ear) or the part of the brain that processes sound. The hearing problem may be present at birth or may be acquired through such things as aging, excessive noise or diseases such as meningitis.
  • Spondyloepiphyseal dysplasia, congenita: A rare genetic bone growth disorder characterized by prenatal growth deficiency, myopia and short trunk.
  • Stickler Syndrome: A rare genetic disorder characterized by joint problems, distinctive facial characteristics and eye and ear abnormalities.
  • Thiamine responsive megaloblastic anemia syndrome: A rare genetic disorder characterized by megaloblastic anemia, hearing loss and diabetes. The condition is caused by a deficiency of a thiamine (vitamin B1) transporter protein which means that the body is unable to effectively utilize thiamine from the diet.
  • Tinnitus: Hearing noises in the ears: ringing, roaring, clicks, whistling, or hissing.
  • Townes-Brocks Syndrome: A rare condition characterized by anal, hand, foot and ear abnormalities.
  • Unsteady gait: A condition which is characterized by a poorly balanced gait
  • Vertigo: The odd balance sensation of inappropriate spinning or movement of the environment
  • Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada Syndrome: A rare condition characterized by poliosis and hair, skin, eye and ear abnormalities as well as retinal detachment and neurological involvement.
  • Yemenite deaf-blind hypopigmentation syndrome: A condition which is characterised by the association of several symptoms which affect ones hearing and vision


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