Risk Factors for Vibrio vulnificus
List of Risk Factors for Vibrio vulnificus
The list of risk factors mentioned for Vibrio vulnificus in various sources includes:
Risk factors discussion:
FDA Bad Bug Book (Excerpt)
Associated Foods: This organism has been isolated from oysters, clams, and crabs. Consumption of these products raw or recontaminated may result in illness.
(Source: FDA Bad Bug Book)
Foodborne Infections General: DBMD (Excerpt)
Persons with liver disease are susceptible to infections
with a rare but dangerous microbe called Vibrio
vulnificus , found in oysters. They should avoid
eating raw oysters. (Source: excerpt from Foodborne Infections General: DBMD)
Vibrio vulnificus (General): DBMD (Excerpt)
Persons who are immunocompromised, especially those with chronic
liver disease, are at risk for V. vulnificus when they
eat raw seafood, particularly oysters. A recent study showed that
people with these pre-existing medical conditions were 80 times
more likely to develop V. vulnificus bloodstream infections
than were healthy people. The bacterium is frequently isolated
from oysters and other shellfish in warm coastal waters during
the summer months. Since it is naturally found in warm marine
waters, people with open wounds can be exposed to V. vulnificus
through direct contact with seawater. There is no evidence for
person-to-person transmission of V. vulnificus. (Source: excerpt from Vibrio vulnificus (General): DBMD)
Vibrio vulnificus: DBMD (Excerpt)
All persons. Persons with underlying
medical conditions, especially liver disease, may be at increased
risk of infection and serious complications. (Source: excerpt from Vibrio vulnificus: DBMD)
About risk factors:
Risk factors for Vibrio vulnificus are factors that do not seem
to be a direct cause of the disease,
but seem to be associated in some way.
Having a risk factor for Vibrio vulnificus
makes the chances
of getting a condition higher but does
not always lead to Vibrio vulnificus.
Also, the absence of any risk factors
or having a protective factor does not necessarily
guard you against getting Vibrio vulnificus.
For general information and a list of risk factors,
see the risk center.